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In this video, Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, will use the iLAND Diagnostic App to perform a brake bleed, a function that must be done on Discovery Series II after work on your brake system.
iLAND, advanced diagnostics for your smart phone, is the next generation diagnostic app for Land Rovers! Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. How To Use The iLAND App Brake Bleeding Demonstrated on the Discovery Series II. Hi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. And in this video we're going to show you one of the features on the new iLAND for the Discovery II. Now the Discovery II has a brake system that if you were to open up the system, either for caliper, master cylinder repair, ABS, whatever, and you need to bleed the system afterwards, there is actually a 3 step procedure on the brake bleeding. And one of the steps, or actually the 2 last steps you do need a diagnostic tool that will complete this procedure. So what we're going to do is we're going to get on our iLAND. We've basically gotten to this screen which was just the initial set up screen. We hit confirm. Then it comes up our choices Discovery 1 through 4. This is a Discovery 2. And we want to go to ABS. We make sure our ignition is on. This is position 2. Have your lights on in your dash. We're good there. And this is going to set this up. And then essentially you are going to go down through to the vehicle maintenance. Just going to read through this warning. And there you have brake bleeding. Now what you'll start with in this first step of a brake bleeding procedure on a D2 is the old fashion way you either have somebody pump the pedal or you have a pressure bleeder attached to the master cylinder, you're going to run the system through and then bleed at all 4 corners. After you've completed that, then you come back to the brake bleeding segment. And essentially what it's going to do is explaining the 3 steps. And manual bleed as we just discussed. Then there's going to be a modulator bleed. And what will happen when you proceed with this, we're not going to do this now because we're not doing a brake bleed, we just want to show you the function. The modulator bleed it's going to have you sit in the vehicle with your foot on the brake pedal. You're going to hit that Ok. And it's going to cycle the ABS valves and you're going to feel the pedal vibrate and modulate. And then when it's done, when it's finished that, then we're going to go to step 3, which is a power bleed. And what it does is activates the ABS pump so that pressurizes the system. And you go around and bleed all 4 corners again just like you did the first time, only now you're getting the assistance from the pump. So that essentially is the brake bleed. And that's going to be on all the Discovery 2's from 1999 to 2004. So if you're looking to do brakes, or you're doing brakes on your vehicle, you need this tool to be able to do the bleed call any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. Or if you want, just click on this link, you can order it online. And if you like our how to videos, and would like to see more, just go to our YouTube channel and subscribe and you can view all of our different videos. So for that we thank you for watching. And Rover on.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, explain the difference between front brakes installed on a Range Rover Sport Supercharged, 2006-2009 that is equipped with the Brembo brake calipers, as opposed to those front brakes on a Non-Supercharged Sport or LR3. Doug will then show you the steps involved in removing and replacing with new brake pads and rotors (and new brake pad sensor).
Installing Front Brake Pads & Rotors on Range Rover Sport Supercharged 2006 - 2009 equipped with Brembo BrakesHi I'm Doug your tech support representative for Atlantic British. And in this video we're going to show you how to change the front brakes on your 2006 to 2009 Sport with Supercharged, which will be equipped with the Brembo Brakes. Now there are some differences obviously between the Brembos and the regular front brakes you find on the non Supercharged or on the LR3. And first and most obvious is the size of the caliper. This is twice the size of the front caliper that you're going to find on the normal vehicle. Or a non Supercharged. One of the other differences is that this caliper is mounted directly to the knuckle in the back, there is no separate mounting bracket. This is a fixed caliper. It uses 4 pistons in there to compress these pads to make contact with the rotor. You'll see the rotor is a little bigger than what you find on the standard size Sport and LR3. Also take into account, and in most cases with the Brembos, you'll probably be replacing these a little more often or sooner than you would with the regular brakes. They have a very high friction capability, and because of that you give up a little bit of the wear factor. So especially if you have the Supercharged, and more than likely you like to play with it a little bit, so you're going to wear them out a little faster. So you want to check them on a regular basis. So essentially we're going to start off with, we're going to remove these 2 pins.Grommets in place. You just take a small ballpeen and just simply tap that outer tab right into place. So now you're back in. You're all set. So we replaced the brake pads, rotors. We've installed our pad sensor. We've shown you how to route it up in through here. So when you're ready to do this on your Sport or LR3 just call any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. Thanks for watching.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, show you how to bleed the brakes on a Range Rover Full Size, 2003 - 2005 (L322). Using
Motive Products Power Bleeder, Part #s 9508 & 9508K with standard kit plus adapters (or separate adapters kit # 9508A). This demonstration is also applicable on all Land Rovers and Range Rovers. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Using Motive Products Power Bleeder (#9508) Bleeding Brakes This Demo Performed On A Range Rover Full Size 2003 - 2005 (L322)Hi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. And in this video we're going to touch base on a brake bleeder tool that I have available that can make it a lot easier for those of you that don't have air pressure. Don't have a compressor. Like to do your own work. Bleed the brakes. This tool will help you greatly. This is the 9508, and what you get is a canister that will hold looks like to be a half a gallon of brake fluid. And simply all it is is just a pump up pressurizer and you would attach this to the master cylinder using this adapter that comes with it. This will fit the majority of your crew on caps for your master cylinders. If by chance you have one of the older models with the larger caps and the larger openings, we have an adapter kit available, the 9508A, or you can save a little money and get both together with the 9508K kit. So what we're going to do is show you how to hook this up, how to go through and do a bleed and show you how easy it is to use this tool. So what we've done now is we have this hooked up to the master cylinder. Now in this case the adapter that came with it actually threaded right on the master cylinder. And this is on the L322. So this worked out very well. What you need to do then is to test the fitting that connects the 2 hoses. Give it a good snug fit. Doesn't have to be super tight. Just make sure you have a good seal. Going to fill the fluid up about half way up the bottle. And then you have a pressure gauge on this where you're simply going to hand pump. And you can bring it up around 15. And then what we're going to do is start from the furthest point of the master cylinder and work our way forward. So you're going to start at the right rear, then left rear, right front and then left front. And then it always doesn't hurt to go back and crack the back ones open 1 more time after that just to make sure you got everything out. Handy little tool. You don't need shop air. And it doesn't take all that long to really get it up to 15 pounds. You don't need much more than that. All you're looking to do is push the air out. You're not looking to blow up the lines. So I'll let it sit for a minute. Wait until we see some of this flow out. Try and get a spot where we are fairly level here. This way we can keep an eye on our level. We definitely don't want to run that dry. So, let's start at the right rear. So we only need to really back this off 1 and 1/2 turns. Then we'll wait a few minutes to for it to work its way back. Now in this vehicle we replaced hoses and lines. So it's going to take a little while because we're basically starting with an empty system. You can actually feel a little pressure in the line when you put your finger over the end of the bleeder. So you know you got fluid coming. So here we got a nice steady stream. I'll crack it open one more time. You can see we got a good steady stream with no bubbles. No we're just going to close that down. We don't have to really tighten it because we're going to come back to do that one more time. So, essentially the same process to left rear, right front, left front, and then back one more time do the rears and you should be good. You should have a nice tight pedal. Now you want to check the instructions if you are using this tool. Some vehicles require to have an analyzer hooked up to it to flutter and open and close the valves in the ABS system. Some vehicles do require that. In this particular case you can do a standard bleed and you'll get your pedal back. So, this is a nice little tool to have. It's relatively inexpensive. Great for around the house. You do your own brake work and whatnot, this is a great tool, especially when it comes time to do a brake flush, which you really should do on a regular basis on most vehicles. So when you're ready to so do, just give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
Notice a loss of braking power? Do you need to pump your brake pedal to get your brakes to activate? If you've checked the brakes, looked at the slides, with everything else in the braking system operating correctly after bleeding the brakes and you still have a sloppy pedal, it could be the seals on your master cylinder. The brake master cylinder delivers pressure to the system, and the seals may have worn out and are no longer doing their job on your Discovery II. Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, show you how to remove, and replace the brake master cylinder. Questions about this video? Call our knowledgeable sale staff at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab.
Access And Replace Brake Master Cylinder on Discovery Series IIHi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. And in this video we're going to talk about master cylinders. Specifically for the master cylinder for the Discovery II, 1999 to 2004 where you find that going down the road you step on the brake pedal, the pedal goes three quarters of the way to the floor, you pump it up, pedal comes up nice and hard and actually ends up where it should be. You've checked the brakes. You've looked at the slides. You make sure everything is operating right. You've bled the system out and yet you still have this sloppy pedal. And essentially what's happening is you're starting to develop a build up inside the master cylinder, allowing the seals to basically not do their job. They don't completely seal so you have to pump the pedal to good stop of the pedal. So, what we're going to do is discuss about master cylinder. Essentially all this does is deliver the pressure to the system. Now these are a little different than most. And what you have basically is a secondary or reservoir or a pull for your back brakes here in this plastic piece. Which means that it's very hard to what they call bench bleed. And a lot of shops will put a master cylinder in a vice and manually move this and bleed this system out and then install it on the vehicle. On these you need to install first and then you're going to either use a pressure bleeder or you're going to have someone or helper in the vehicle pump the pedal while you bleed that part of the brakes out. So we're going to show you how to essentially change one of these over. They're relatively easy. It's nothing more than just the 2 brake lines and the 2 bolts and then we'll show you how to bleed it in the vehicle. Alright, so to remove the master cylinder the first thing we're going to do is disconnect the electrical connector for the fluid sensor. And that's just a matter of spread these outer tabs a bit while you're pulling on the connector. And move that out of the way. We don't want to be pouring any brake fluid in there too as we're removing that. And we'll leave the cap on for now.Which you can refer to our video on how to bleed the brakes on the D2. We generally recommend because the factory recommends it states that the best way to bleed these is the 3 way, or the 3 step brake bleeding that includes using a diagnostic tool to activate the pump on the ABS unit and then to do the power bleed afterwards. Some people will say you can do without. You can just do a regular pump and bleed or put a pressure bleeder on it and that works fine but you only end up with about three quarters of a decent pedal. You want to make sure with brakes you're not fooling around. Do it right. Do it with a diagnostic tool and get all the air out of the system. So you've essentially seen how to replace the master cylinder. This point we just put the cap back on. And pull the wire around. Re connect the sensor. And that's basically it. We've basically, we've changed the master cylinder and you can actually do this within an hours worth of time. If you decide to bleed the brakes that will add a little bit of time. You'll still be doing it right. So, should you find you need a master cylinder for your 99 to 2004 Disco 2, just call any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
How to install an electric brake controller on an LR3 or Range Rover Sport. Installing this part is quick and easy. Simply, locate the connector under the dash on the drivers side, plug the wiring harness provided, mount the controller, and you are ready to connect to a trailer equipped with electric brakes.
ETBCA Electric Trailer Brake Controller for Range Rover Sport and LR3Welcome to the Atlantic British Do It Yourself Video Series. Today we'll be showing you how to install an electric trailer brake controller on an LR3. First, remove the panel under the dash on the drivers side of the vehicle, near the brake pedal. There are 2 phillips head screws holding this panel in place. Pull the panel down a little so you can see the gray connector that you'll need to connect to the electric brake controller module. Pull the connector down through the opening where the brake pedal arm extends down toward the floor. Next, plug the electric trailer brake controller wiring harness into this plug. Locate the mounting bracket so that the electric brake controller will not block the diagnostics connector. With the bracket securely mounted plug the brake controller wiring harness into the back of the electric brake controller module. Position the electric brake controller module in between the ears of the mounting bracket and secure with the 2 hex head machine screws. Secure the dash panel, connect your trailer and test the system.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, show you the steps involved in changing over the rear brake pads and rear rotors on your Range Rover Sport or Land Rover LR3. Doug will also explain how to adjust the parking brake, which sits behind the rear rotor, as well as other helpful tips to get the replacement brakes installed, and to get your Rover back on the road.
Rear Brake Pads & Rotors Replacement on LR3 or Range Rover SportHi I'm Doug your tech support representative for Atlantic British. And in this video we're going to show you how to replace the rear brakes on your LR3 and or Sport. It's the same application on both vehicles, same procedure, basically the same parts. So it will be the right procedure for both vehicles. So essentially the big issue is not so much the replacement of the pads, which is relatively easy, but removal of the rotor because of the parking brake assembly built inside. No I get a lot of calls on that so we're going to touch base on that, on how to back them off, how to readjust them on reassembly, just to make it a lot easier in the long run so you can see how it's done. So just like any other basic brake system in the back, we're going to compress the caliper piston in place. If you fully compress it now it will make it much easier for reassembly when you have those new pads in place and the thicknesses are much wider. So there it is, it's your rear brakes on your 2006 Sport. Now the application on this Sport it will be exactly the same on a 2006 to 2009 LR3 or even an LR4 and the 2010 to 2012 Sport. So the process will be all the same. Including how the pad sensor is. So that's pretty much it. When you're ready to do the rear brakes on your Sport or LR3 just call to any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210 and they'll be happy to help you. Thanks for watching.
Check out on-trail instruction at the Land Rover Experience Driving School in Manchester Center, VT. Over a magical 3 day period in March 2010 Atlantic British team members received complete on-course training with popular Land Rovers vehicles.
Correct. Sliding. So make your 1st gear selection now. And over to you. First gear is indicated to you in there in the tachometer as well as here. All righty. As the weight starts to transfer, you're holding the brake, letting it transfer nice and smooth. You see the bottom of the decline. Once you're confident that it's clear of obstruction and your tires are straight, so go back to center, you then release the brakes. Hold it. Hold it a little bit longer. There's the bottom of the hill. Release the brake entirely. Engine compression and hill descent control are holding the vehicle back. Good. Traverse the side tilt here. Lightly accelerating, keeping energy moving forward. It's then less likely to slide down on you. Looking ahead. Visualizing what's ahead. Putting it in the back of your mind so as you're on top of the obstacle you have that image while you are still looking up ahead in the trail. Keeping the wheel straight. Tire position should stay straight. Resist the feedback you're getting from the terrain. On road we respond to feedback from the terrain. Off road for the most part we want to resist. Keeping the tires straight. Getting the most amount of traction and the most amount of power. Good. So we have a side tilt coming up. We're in first gear so good gear selection. Ahhh. What do you want me to do? Light on the throttle. Keep energy moving forward to keep the forces of gravity at bay, but not so fast that we cause bounce. Putting our left tires at the bottom of the side tilt, in the lowest part of the trail. That's where gravity naturally wants to take the vehicle. Looking ahead. There are obstacles to come. Puts on the brake. Transferring the weight. Keep the wheel straight. Tire position should stay straight. There you go. Off the brake. Back onto course into the low point. There's a tire rut down there. That's where you want to put your left tire. Lightly accelerating. Just keep that energy moving forward. Good. Off the throttle into drive now. Just push the shifter towards me and steady even acceleration as we come up. Steady on the throttle. Keeping the tire straight. Off the throttle. First gear. Put on the brake.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, install the
brake rebuild kit on a Range Rover Sport 2014. Doug will show you how to install front and rear brake pads and rotors including brake wear sensors. Please refer any questions or comments to 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Kit #: 8889 Install Brake Rebuild Kit On 2014 Range Rover Sport 5.0L, V8, 8-Cylinder Gasoline, North American SpecificationsHi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. In this video we're going to talk about brake replacement on 2014 and newer Range Rover Sport. No in this case we're doing the Supercharged, which has the 6 piston Brembo brakes. A lot of guys get intimidated by that, where it really is not that hard to do. So what we're going to do is show you how to install rotors and pads, and also the pad wear sensor. So if you hang in, we're going to show you exactly how to do it and how easy it is to do. To give you an idea of how simple it is, this is essentially all the tools you're going to need to change the fronts. You need a hammer and a pin to drive out the 2 pins that hold the pads in place. Couple straight blade screw drivers we can use to compress the pistons before we pull the caliper off. You're going to need a number 50 torx driver for the retainer pin for the front rotors and then a 21 millimeter socket for the 2 bolts that hold the caliper on the mount. Now I'm also going to recommend a good strong hook, because once you take that caliper off, while you're doing the rotor change, you don't want to hang that caliper by the brake hose. You can end up causing damage to the brake hose. So a good stiff hook. You can work one end into the caliper, one end the upper control arm, and that will hold it up out of the way until you're done putting the rotor on and you're ready to reinstall the caliper. So, essentially all you have are 2 pins that hold down this anti-rattle bracket right here. And we're going to just drive those 2 pins out. We're going to collapse those pistons before we take the caliper off. That's the best time to do it. And you can do it now, or you can do it after the bracket off. I'm going to remove the bracket first just to give you more visibility with what you're working with. And then we'll carry on from there. So while we're tapping this out, keep in mind that this is spring loaded. This has some tension on it. As you knock this upper pin out, this is going to want to force itself out. So this is why I use a long punch, so I can actually use the punch in place of the pin to hold that and then as I remove the punch, this will come out and I can take the bracket right up and out of the way.It's a little tight but you can get in there. So we're connected, we're routed. And remember we had also popped the wire for the parking brake motor out so we push the grommet back in place so everything's secure. So now it's just a matter of plugging this in. As you can see you basically have like a U shaped connection here. And then there's a cut out in the brake pad, so you just simply line the 2 up. Give this a little wiggle. And you'll feel it seat in. You just give it a light tug back, just to make sure it's locked in place. And there you are. You're good. So essentially we're going to do the same thing to the other side, which will actually be a little easier because you don't have to deal with the pad sensor. So once that's completed, you've got new brakes all the way around on your new Sport. So when you're ready to replace the brakes on your 2014 or newer Sport, just give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesman at 1-800-533-2210. Or if you'd like you can click on this link and order it online. And if you like our how to videos you can go to our YouTube site and subscribe and look at all the various videos that we've all ready done. So when you're ready. Thank you very much for watching. And Rover on.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, give a demonstration of the process involved in installing
new front and rear brake rotors and brake pads on a 1999-2004 Discovery Series II. Our money-saving kit includes brake rotors and brake pads for a front and rear service. Please note: This How-To video applies to all our brake rebuild kits for Discovery Series II. Kit # 9542AG Rebuilding Brake Rotors and Pads on Discovery Series II, 1999-2004, 8-Cylinder Gasoline, North American SpecificationsHi I'm Doug and I'm your tech support representative for Atlantic British, and in this video we are going to touch base on probably one of the most common do it yourself jobs that our customers do and that's brakes. You can save yourself a lot of money by doing the brakes yourself. If you have even the most basic of mechanical ability, and follow the instructions you can do these brakes yourself. Now what we're going to do is, I'll give you a quick rundown on the kit that we have available, which is kit 9542AG, and what that will include is rotors, front and back, brake pads, front and back, new bolts for your caliper mounts, and new retainer screws for the rotors. Now what I'll do is give you a rundown, Starting off you're going to need some basic tools, and you're going to need some tools that you may not necessarily have in your kit. You're going to need probably a good 32 ounce hammer. You're going to use this for both the hand impact and to knock the rotors off the hub. A pair of slip joint or water pump pliers. A nice wire brush. A 12 millimeter socket on a short extension and three eighths drive. A screw driver that you're mostly going to use for prying and for moving. A three eighths drive ratchet. A three quarter inch 12 point socket. And these will be for the 2 retainer bolts that hold the caliper mount on the knuckle. And a good half inch drive ratchet. Now I use the longer handle on this. If you have a short handle ratchet you'll probably want to use a cheater pipe or an extension to give you more leverage. Those 2 bolts that hold the caliper in place are going to be tight. Especially if they are the first time coming off. So there's our kit. There's our tools. Now I have the advantage of obviously having this up on a lift. If you're doing this in your driveway, make sure you put a good support, jack stands underneath. Always have a second type of support. A wooden block, another floor jack, something underneath. You can never be too safe when you're working underneath a vehicle. So now let's give you a rundown on how to change over your brakes. When you're ready to do the brakes, as I said, this is probably one of the most common DIY projects you'll do. This is probably good for a long afternoon or full weekend day. But to do it right is well worth it in the long run. You'll save yourself alot of money. When you're ready to do so, give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesman at 1-800-533-2210.
Atlantic British Ltd. Do-It-Yourself-How-To Video: In this video, Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, will use the
iLAND Diagnostic App to perform parking brake setting and unjamming procedures on a 2006 Range Rover Sport Supercharged, explaining why this is important to do after certain services are completed. iLAND, advanced diagnostics for your smart phone, is the next generation diagnostic app for Land Rovers! Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. How To Use the iLAND App Parking Brake Setting & Unjamming Procedures For All Late Model Rover Vehicles - Demonstrated on the Range Rover Sport. Hi I'm Doug. I'm your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. And in this video we want to touch base on one of the functions on the iLAND Diagnostic Tool that we now carry. And that's for servicing the rear brakes and the rear parking brakes. Now on this, this is a 2006 Supercharged Sport, this would actually apply to the Sport and the LR3, and I believe even the early LR4s, until they converted over to the motorized rear calipers later on. So what we're going to show you is basically how to access that function and what that function does for you. So the first thing we've done is we've plugged in our dongle. We see the blue LED. We know our dongle is powered up. Now this is, we're going to use the iphone, where you can do either iphone or ipad if you have it programmed to your unit. And on the iOS systems you're going to find 2 icons for iLAND. You're going to see one here and you're also going to see another with a blue dot on your second page. This is strictly for the software for the diagnostic procedures. You're not going to use that to access and diagnose your vehicle. You're going to use this one. So we're going to hit that. That's going to light up all the vehicles. Now in this case this is the Pro version, so its lit up all the vehicle models. If you have yours programmed for only one vehicle model, like a Discovery or a Sport or whatever, just that box is going to be lit in red. So we go to Range Rover Sport. We go through our garage disclaimers. And now we're going to wait a second and let this go through. Now it's telling us Diag file downloaded. Dongles connected. We want to make sure ignition switch is on. Now we're just going to turn this so that all of the lights come on the dash. We're not going to start and run the vehicle. And it confirms that the firmware version that we have on here is the latest. So we hit continue and we let the Bluetooth do its job. This model is a 2006. It's a Supercharged V8 Petrol. And again just making sure we have the key on so we can talk to all the different modules. And we're going to go to system selection. And then we're going to go to parking brake control module. So first it's going to do a set-up communication. Now you'll see the module in the parking brake is actually tied in with the high speed can, in other words it talks to all the modules that control the vehicle. The power train, transmission, transfer case, whatever. So it's actually an important module to this system. Now you'll see you can read fault codes. You can clear them. You can actually get in and read some of the live data. It will tell you what version information in case you need to know that. Special functions is what we're looking for though. And what this does is several things. One, it will allow you to get in and do the accelerometer calibration. Which sometimes needs to be done after you've replaced the module. You can also drive the parking brake to mounting position. And this comes in handy if you're replacing the rear brake shoes. And they have been an issue with these vehicles over the years. That you would use this to put the shoes, or actually would put the park brake module in a position where it makes it easier to remove and install the parking brakes. And you also have latching position, which is also used in some of the installations. Now this is the important one, as what happens on occasion is these modules will jam up, whether it will be an over torque or whatever the case. This will allow you to unjam it.Essentially going to hit that. And what this will do is you'll read through and it kind of explains why that this application will drive the park brake in an unjammed in the release direction and then drive it into a mount position which is fully retracted. Now you want to make sure battery is fully charged up. Anything you do with any monitor on these vehicles you want to make sure the battery is fully charged up. Low battery voltage can end up creating problems for you, because voltage is very important in the operation of all these modules. So essentially once you read through it explains what to do we're going to hit okay. Tells you again make sure ignition switch is on. Now it's going to tell you. You're going to start the motor. And just give it a second to come down on its idle. Got that settled. And there it is. You're unjammed. Actually we're already working with a vehicle with a fully operational parking brake. So it's already set, it's in an unjammed position so you can drive the vehicle. So now it's just telling me turn this off. We hit okay. Ignition switch on. And what it's doing is it's clearing any faults out of the module that may have occurred due to the jamming. Again we'll switch off. And switch back on, and it may seem redundant but this is the steps that it needs to see to actually go through and fully succeed in their functions. So control module procedure completed successfully. So we're good. Set the ignition switch to off. And it's just going back telling me, here you can just go back to home page if you want. So, this shows you the function on the iLAND that will allow you to do parking brake repairs and do them properly and much easier instead of trying to do it without. So if you're ready to step up to the iLAND to do this procedure and more on your Land Rover and help you maintain it you can just call any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210 or you can go on this link and you can order it online. And if you like our how to videos, and would like to see more, you can subscribe to our YouTube channel and that will give you access to all our how to videos we have for your vehicle and more. So appreciate you watching. We thank you. And Rover on.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, explain the process involved in installing the brake hose and brake fluid for a Freelander, 2002 - 2005. Using money-saving kit #
BRKHOSEF1SKA, with all the brake hoses and brake fluid you need, it is recommended that this service be performed every 105,000 miles. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Kit #: BRKHOSEF1SKA Replacing Brake Hose & Brake Fluid On Freelander 2002-2005, 6-Cylinder Gasoline, North American SpecificationHi I'm Doug, your tech support representative at Atlantic British. And in this video we're going to touch base again on one of our maintenance kits that we have available as part of our maintenance and repair academy which you'll see listed on our website. This particular kit is for the 2002 to 2005 Freelander. This is the front and rear brakes hoses, along with enough brake fluid to do a complete flush on your brake system. Now this is a recommended service every 105,000 miles. These hoses do over a period of time, they do break down. The coating, the rubber does end up drying up. You can get cracking. So it is generally recommended, especially with brakes, you do want to do these on a regular basis. And again, every 105,000 miles is a good mileage. Now you have with the kit the 2 front hoses. 2 rear hoses. And definitely enough fluid to not only bleed the system but to do a complete flush on it, which is also a maintenance item that's even recommended in Land Rover's maintenance sheet for the Freelander. Fresh fluid can make a huge difference. Brake fluid is designed to hold condensation, moisture and dirt from building up in the system. But it is basically designed so that it continues to float within the fluid. So you want to get that stuff flushed out of there, just like any other petroleum based fluid. So, we've shown you the kit. And now we're going to raise this vehicle and we're going to show you basic location of the hoses and some brief instructions on how to change them over.Pump the brake pedal while you are bleeding the air out. Always keep an eye on the fluid level in the master cylinder. You don't want to run it dry. Then you end up starting all over again and entering air into the system. You get enough fluid with the hoses so that you can do a complete flush which is generally recommended. Because just like any fluid, especially a petroleum based, brake fluid does break down, it retains moisture, it retains condensation. You want to get that out of there and have fresh fluid in the system. It makes a world of difference on the performance of the brakes. So, when you're ready to change over the hoses on your 2002 to 2005 Freelander, give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, explain the process involved in installing the brake hose and brake fluid for a 2006-2009 Range Rover Sport (both naturally-aspirated and Supercharged). Using our money-saving kit # ABP350SKA, with all the brake hose and brake fluid you need, it is recommended that this service be performed every 105,000 miles. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab.
Kit #: ABP350SKA Replacing Brake Hose & Brake Fluid on Range Rover Sport Supercharged 2006 - 2009, Cylinder Gasoline, North American Specifications or Range Rover Sport 2006 - 2009Hi I'm Doug your tech support representative for Atlantic British. And we're going to introduce you to the brake hose and flush kit that we have available for the 2006 - 2009 Sport, both naturally aspirated and Supercharged. The kit is going to include color coded left and right hand front brake hoses and then your rear brake hoses. You have body to axle and then axle to caliper. The kit you'll find in this sheet that we have available. You can download this and make copies for your own information. And essentially we have a brake hose and fluid kit. And the kit number is ABP350SKA. And you'll see it is recommended to be done every 105,000 miles. The hoses do have a rubber component. The rubber does break down over a period of time. And brakes are an important component in your vehicle. You want to keep them working at maximum capacity all the time. So, you've seen the kit. What we're going to is put this Sport up in the air and we'll give you a brief rundown of where they are located, and then also a basic idea of how to flush the system when you're done.Brakes are nothing to fool around with. You definitely want them working as well as they can at any given time. It's a good idea to change them over when it is recommended. So when you're ready to do so, just call any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
Watch Doug explain the process involved in installing the brake hose and brake fluid for a 1999-2004 Discovery Series II. Using
our money-saving kit, with all the braided stainless steel brake hose and brake fluid you need, it is recommended that this service be performed every 90,000 miles. Kit # ABP218SKA Installing the Brake Hose &Fluid Kit on Discovery Series II, 1999-2004, 8-Cylinder Gasoline, North American SpecificationsHi I'm Doug, your tech support representative for Atlantic British, and in this video we are going to introduce you to the brake fluid and hose kit that we make as part of our repair and maintenance academy. The hose kit will cover both front and rear hoses for your Discovery 2, 1999 to 2002. And what's included is your 2 front hoses, 2 rear hoses from body to axle and then axle to rear caliper. You get new bolts for the caliper banjo fittings with new copper washers and seals, and enough brake fluid to properly flush out and bleed the whole system. Now the advantage behind our brake hoses as opposed to original equipment design, we manufacture them here. They are manufactured of a braided stainless steel, it makes them lighter, stronger and much more longer lasting. If your vehicle has 100,000 miles, 105,000, which Land Rover actual recommends replacement of those hoses at 105,000 miles. This is Kit I, Part #ABP218SKA and this will get you everything that you have here. These hoses will be considerably stronger and will last longer than the original equipment which is going that safer. And in the long run it is going to make your brakes perform better. And in a few minutes we'll show you how to install these on your vehicle. Once you have your brakes bled out, put your wheels back on. Make sure they're torqued to proper specs. Take your jack stands out. And you're ready to go. So again, when you're ready to change over your brake hoses, give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesman at 1-800-533-2210.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, talk you through the replacement of the original equipment rear bushing (or you can use the
optional polybush kit, which we show in this video) of the lower control arm suspension. Access to this bushing is granted by removing the entire lower control arm assembly. This is a common replacement for Range Rover Sport 2006-2009, or LR3 2005-2009, and affects steering stability when the bushing becomes old and worn out. Lower Control Arm Suspensions: Rear Bushing Replacement On LR3 or Range Rover SportHi I'm Doug and I'm your tech support representative for Atlantic British. And in this video we're going to touch base on a very common issue that we find on the LR3s and the Sports. It is the lower control arm suspension. The rear bushing likes to soften up, which creates a lot of movement in the control arm, to the point where even stepping on the brake you can actually hear a bang noise coming from underneath. And what that does is throws off your alignment, creates tire wear instability on steering, overall just does not make the vehicle comfortable to drive. Also can be rather expensive in the end, especially if you're buying tires on a regular basis. So what we're going to do is show you how to remove the lower control arm and then you have the option of either replacing the control arm with either with original equipment bushings or we also offer a polybush, which we're also going to show you how to install those. So, what we have essentially have done is the vehicle is up in the air, tires off. We've taken the front brakes off, because we're also doing brakes on this vehicle. But getting the brakes out of the way does make the job easier. And makes the knuckle assembly much lighter to handle. We're not going to take the knuckle out.Now ideally when you get the vehicle back together, if you have access to a drive on ramp, or if you have room to work underneath, what you should do is get the vehicle down on all 4, set your height at normal ride height, and then you loosen the 2 pivot bolts that we just installed and your shock spring bolts. Let it neutralize. Let it settle down. And then re-tighten them. That will basically set all the bushings in their neutral positions. And it will ride a lot better. It will also eliminate the possibility of any squeaks. If you should have one of the bushings stressed because we tightened it when the axles were fully down. That's pretty much it. So if you are going to either change over your lower control arm or you want to install polybushings, call any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. Thanks for watching.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, explain the simple process involved in changing the Air Filter on a LR2 2008-On. Using
Kit/Part # LR005816, it is recommended that the Air Filter be replaced every 30,000 miles. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Part#: LR005816 Air Filter Replacement On LR2 / Freelander 2, 2008-On, 6-Cylinder Gasoline, North American SpecificationHi I'm Doug. Your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. In this video we're going to talk air filters. This one in particular is for the LR2. This is with the 3.2 6 cylinder. And just like any other vehicle air filter you obviously want to keep clean. It affects fuel economy. It affects performance. It does a lot of things for a component that is relatively easy to replace. So this one in particular, which we offer on our Maintenance and Repair sheet that's available through our website. You can download this and make a copy. What this does is basically list all the maintenance items you should be doing on your LR2. What kind of product and also the intervals. So in this case the air filter we have part number LR005816. It's recommended about every 30,000 miles. Obviously if you're in a dry dusty area, probably more so because of the way it clogs up the filter. So what we're going to do too is we're going to show you how to install this. Relatively very easy and it's something you should be doing on a regular basis. All right, so essentially to take the cover off you're going to need a teak 25 bit. This is a torch drive. There's 4 that hold this down in place. I like to use a little power screw driver. A hand unit you can get, you can get the hand held or manual type anywhere. It's a pretty common tool. First thing you're going to do is pull the cover off the battery and master cylinder because that's going to get in our way. And that you just grab the 2 tabs. There's even arrows there show you what direction to pull and the whole thing pops right off. There's your battery. Then we're going to take the 4 screws out that hold the top cover in. And once we have that. All right so, here you should be able to lift this up high enough you don't even have to disconnect the mass airflow sensor. Just grab in the back corner. Lift straight up. You can see it doesn't look that bad. But when you get a build up in between all the pleated areas it can actually cause quite a restriction. So I'm just going to take the new filter. We'll slide that in place. Make sure that the orange seal is seated firmly against the base. Set the top cover back on. We give it a little wiggle so that it seats in and it will actually find its own location. And then we just run 4 screws back in. And before we put the cover back on the battery you just want to take a quick look. Any corrosion build up. Make sure the terminals are still good and tight. And then your master cylinder for your brakes is right in the back corner. Give that a little wiggle just to check your fluid level. That's all good. Just set that back in place. And we push towards the back of the vehicle. You hear it snap in. And that's it. Air filter is in. All right, so when you're ready to change the air filter in your LR2, just give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesman at 1-800-533-2210. Or you can click on this link that will, you can order that part direct through the website. And if you like our helpful videos, you can actually subscribe to our YouTube channel where we have a lot of other vehicles that will help you maintain your Land Rover. So we thank you for watching and Rover on.
Outfitting a Discovery Series II for Off-Road, Part One (Extra)
Now that we have added a raised suspension for off-road use, watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, as he removes and replaces the standard brake hose on our project D2. Doug then upgrades with and installs our exclusive performance braided stainless steel brake hose (
Part # ABP218L) for Discovery Series II with raised suspension. Doug will also demonstrate how to bleed the brake system using the Hawkeye Diagnostic Tool "Power Bleed" Function. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Outfitting a Land Rover Discovery Series II for Off-RoadHello. I'm Eric, a sales rep here at Atlantic British. Today we're going to talk about building up a Discovery 2 into an off road vehicle. They've gotten really affordable now. You can pick up a D2 for $3,500 to $5,000, put 3, 4, 5 thousand dollars into it and have a very good off road vehicle. This one we picked up a couple years ago. We've been driving it around, using it as a test mule. So now we're going to build it up into an off road truck. With Doug's help, we're going to put suspension, front and rear bumpers and then slowly build it up into a lifestyle truck. We'll have videos that will show Doug doing each process, and we'll post those as time goes on. This truck's in good shape. It's very straight for the year and we've had it for a few years as I've said. So stayed tuned and we'll have more information as time goes on. Part One (Extra):Installing Performance Stainless Steel Brake Hose (For Raised Suspension) Part # ABP218LHi I'm Doug. Your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. And what we're going to do is our next step in Project D2 is add on our extended steel braided brake hoses. The reason being for that is if you're actually going to take your D2 out on the deep woods and what you have to avoid now that you have a lift kit in there, is if the suspension should go to full extension, you have to make sure that the brake hoses are long enough to be able to take that. The one thing you don't need is a broken brake hose out in the woods. So what we do is we actually manufacture steel braided lines. You'll actually see the hose itself actually looks considerably smaller than the originals, which are nothing more than just the rubbers. You have heftier fittings on the end, and they're actually a couple inches longer than the original design so that you can avoid over-stretching the hoses should you go to full extension. Now the other advantage to braided steel hoses is that they're definitely more resistant to abrasion and should you be rubbing them up against rocks and sticks and whatnot that get up under the wheel wells as you're going through the woods, there's less of a chance of them getting cut or being sliced. So what we're going to do is I'm going to show you how to install them. This kit is ABP218L. This is both the front and rear hoses. And the 2 little joiner hoses to the rear brakes that are behind the rear well and now we're going to show you how to install them.Close the bleeder down. Now this wheel is done. Then we just continue on and we do the other 3. And we'll be all set. Again remember after say every other wheel, make sure you check your fluid level. You don't want to run the master cylinder dry. And you're going to use the good clean DOT 4 fluid. So, now you've seen how to properly bleed the brakes. We're all done. And you're going to find the master cylinder is down a little bit. We're going to fill it to just below the max line. On the side of the reservoir right here you have a max with a line, and down below minimum with a line. We're going to fill this to just below the max because what's going to happen is after you put your filter back in, and let that run into, that's going to displace some fluid. Then your cap with your sending unit is also going to displace some. So by the time you're done, it's going to bring that level right up to the max line. Now again what I would recommend at this point. Every thing has bled out, which means no air, no loss of pressure. You're going to have somebody basically start the vehicle, step on the brake pedal and hold it. Do a final inspection. Make sure you have no leaks coming out of your hose connections, either at the calipers or on the lines. You want to make sure all that's good and tight. Any excess fluid you want to wash off. The brake fluid over a period of time will affect paint. So you want to rinse it off. Warm water is a great way to rinse it off. Get your wheels back on. And road test your vehicle. So you've seen how easy it is to do. There's a little time involved with it but well worth it on the end. So when you're ready to upgrade the brake hoses in your Discovery, call any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
Watch how to install a trailer wiring kit on a Range Rover Sport. This exclusive trailer wiring kit contains all the wiring and connectors needed for the install, including an OE-spec harness, interchangeable Flat-4 and 7-way connector ends and easy-to-follow instructions.
Okay, today we're doing an install of the trailer wiring harness Atlantic British part number YWJ500170ABP to the rear of this 2007 Range Rover Sport Supercharged. To start off with we're gonna have to remove the rear lamp assembly, the interior panel and probably flip down the front, there ,sorry the left rear quarter seat of the back panel of the seat so we can gain access. Once we're removed we're gonna get access to all the right connectors on the inside of the panel. I'm gonna run the harness through behind the bumper, up behind the tail lamp assembly and then into the vehicle and connect up where necessary. Remove the rear lamp - two phillips screws on the inside where the tailgate seal is, top of bottom. This ones easy and loose. Normally they're a bit of a tight fit on the receivers. Sometimes you have to get a plastic trim tool behind the panel here and give it a slight bit of leverage. I'm gonna disconnect that from the main harness. If I can find out where the clip is. Right there. We see the harness coming up here from the back of the vehicle. This is the old harness. We're going to be installing a new updated harness and connector for the rear tail lights and the trailer mount. And it will be installed the opposite way around to the old style. The old-style connector - very similar in design, however the new style that we carry means that we actually have to rotate the connector assembly 180 degrees. So in this kit the connector actually still includes the four pin connector, the standardized one, and the 7-way, which also includes the trailer braking connectors, pins I should say. So now we have the lamp out the next step is to remove the rear, left rear quarter panel, interior panel, but to do that I want to ensure I remove the bottom panel here because as you can see I already started a little bit but it's fouling on the bottom panel and to avoid damage to any of the panel's I like to remove any necessary fixings first. Now I have the two luggage clips removed. A little bit of a tug on the back edge of this panel will remove it from the vehicle. These are a couple of locating dowels, looks like one of the clips has been damaged in the past.We'll be replacing that. One real, one left on it. So I'll move that to one side and that gives us access to removing the rear quarter panel. I already started to loosen it off before and it looks like we can gain enough access into the back to do the work we need to do. So here we have the new unit semi installed. The orientation for the connector, the trailer socket, is like so when it's inside. It can get a bit fiddly trying to install it through the small area you have but it will go. It just takes a little time of up and down, up and down, and working into the back of the vehicle. Once it's in you can screw it in securely. Okay here we have the new 7-way trailer wiring connector installed. Screwed in tight. There's the four pin.There's the 7 pin. As you can see all the four screws are in. The silver stuff on the, around the screws, is anti-seize compound because these do have a bit of a tendency to get tight and corrode especially being out to the elements. All the water and everything flying around. Definitely advise putting anti-seize compound on it. But it's in as you can see. Properly installed into the back of the bumper. The next process is we're gonna route the pigtail harness from the connector, up behind the bumper, up to where the rear tail lamp assembly is. This as you can see hit the pigtail harness is out of the back, of the rear bumper, reinforcement. The harness is sort of located through the top of the bumper area. I can feel it's. Just gone lose there. Ignored the red cable. This is an aftermarket cable put in by the owner of the vehicle. It does go into the car follow the same route as the trailer harness but it's not part of the trailer harness. So it goes over the weights for harmonic noise, over the other side and as you can see up underneath the tailpipe here this is where it came out. And we're gonna route it right up, pretty much following where the headlights, the rear tail light comes out and mounted to behind the vehicle. So as you can see here's the pigtail harness come through behind the bumper, right beneath the lamp assembly. There's another section of wiring that attaches to it, here, by these two connectors. And this is all then routed through this hole into the back of the vehicle. So I've connected the two connectors, the, sorry, the rectangular one and the square one. The two pieces of foam tape that come in the kit actually wrap around there to stop it from rattling against the body of the vehicle, causing any annoyance of noise inside. So now I'm going to route the rest of the cable in through the back of the car, put the grommet in its place in the hole, and then start connecting the three connectors and the ground wire. Here on the outside of the vehicle still, we have the harness that I'm going to connect up, we have the park distance control, we have the three connectors that go in through the hole and the grommet that, go, plugs the hole r right here at the back of the vehicle. Everything's pretty much color coded or size coordinated for the interior. Okay so I've installed the grommet into the rear of the vehicle. As you can see nice and uniformly there. This is the wiring for the park distance control on the back of the vehicle. This is the connector to it from the new harness. Now the new connector for the park distance will come with a blanking plug in the end of it. You can see the little red rubber grommets inside there that blank off any water getting in. This does have to be removed from the harness that you'll be receiving. You slide the little slide, a little bit stiff, slide the slide back you can press on the little latch there and pull and it will come right off at the main connector. Then the connector goes back in to the main harness there. Clicks into place. You may have a little bit of residual extra harness. It will soon, it will wrap up and form nicely in the back behind the lamp unit that we're going to install.So here's the harness from the back of the vehicle. The exterior of the vehicle, routed through into the back left corner. As you can see we've got all the three connectors. They're all different size and color-coded and they attach to the main harness in the vehicle here.The ground is then routed and it will go on this round unit here. It can actually attach to any of the three as long as it finds a good ground point. So I'm going to start by putting some of these connectors together. We've got a small gray one. Two. Wiggle it around. Three. Just push them into the location points. It's a nice good clean ground point. 10 millimeter nut. Pinched up nice and tight and firmly. And that's the electricals done on the inside of the vehicle. All we have left to do really, is really put the left rear corner trim back into place, the base trim I took out and the lamp unit in the left rear corner. Straightforward enough. Back and firmly in place. I'll start on the rear trim. Right, so, the kit is all pretty much finished and installed. Just a quick test connecting it to a trailer with preferably trailer brakes, which is I'm sure why anybody be wanting to purchase it. Because it's got the extra connector on it which is a fabulous idea. After a test everything should be finished and done. The trailer wiring kit again the part number for the Range Rover Sport model YWJ500170ABP. It's Atlantic British's own. They, it comes with full fitting instructions as you can see here. Very good colorful pictures. Very easy to understand and figure out how it goes together. Now you can contact our salesman at any point in time. The direct numbers 1-800-533-2210.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, explain the process involved in installing the brake hose and brake fluid for a Range Rover Full Size, 2003 - 2005 (L322). Using
money-saving kit # ABP221SKA, with all the braided stainless steel brake hose and brake fluid you need, it is recommended that this service be performed every 105,000 miles. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Kit #: ABP221SKA Replacing Brake Hose & Brake Fluid On Range Rover Full Size (L322) 2003-2005, 8-Cylinder Gasoline, North American SpecificationHi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. And in this video we're going to touch base on one of the kits that we offer for the 2003 to 2005 Full Size Range Rover, also referred to as the L322. This is part of our maintenance and repair academy program. Now this is a maintenance kit that is usually recommended once every 105,000 miles. Remember too, your original brake hoses are a rubber based component. They can dry up. They break down. They're worn both inside and outside. So, this is something you want to consider. You definitely don't need a brake hose to fail while you're on the road. So, what we offer is actually something better than the original design. Instead of a rubber based hose we have braided steel with a hard rubber casing. Comes with the hardware needed to attach to the original hold downs and hardware. Your front hoses and rear your hoses with mounting brackets and additional hardware which you'll need to install. And enough brake fluid to flush the system out instead of just topping it off. While you have the hoses out this is a good opportunity to do another basic maintenance at the same time which is a brake fluid flush. Makes a huge difference because brake fluid is designed to hold and maintain any water or dirt contaminants that get into the system. So you want to flush that out just like you would an oil change, transmission service, anything else. Fluid needs to be changed. It's not a forever fluid. So we offer the Castrol which is a very high grade, very good fluid. So this is the kit and you'll find it listed on a downloadable and printable sheet that we have on our website that shows the brake hose and fluid kit. Part number is ABP221SKA. And you'll see again recommended mileage is every 105,000 miles. So, that's the kit. And now we're going to show you where all these hoses are located and just some basic instructions on how to change them over.These will last quite a while. So, when you're ready to change the brake hoses over on your L322, and 2do a brake flush, just call any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, explain the process involved in installing the brake hose and brake fluid for a Discovery I, 1994 - 1999. Using our money-saving
brake kit # ABP214SKA, with all the braided stainless steel brake hose and brake fluid you need, it is recommended that this service be performed every 105,000 miles. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Kit #: ABP214SKA Replacing Brake Hose & Brake Fluid on Discovery I, 1994 - 1999, 8-Cylinder Gasoline, North American SpecificationsHi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. And in this video we're going to touch on one of our service and maintenance kits we have available for the Discovery 1, which is going to be replacement brake hoses for front and rear. And this is something that is recommended be done on your vehicle every 105,000 miles. And this is going to be our kit ABP214SKA. And what you get in this kit are the 4 hoses: 2 front and 2 rear. These would be your front. These 2 would be your rears. Along with 2 new sealing washers and 2 new nuts to hold it in place. Now, it is recommended you change these over every 105,000 miles because the original hoses are rubber. Just like belts and your coolant hoses, they do wear. After a while they get brittle. They crack. The replacements that you'll notice are considerably smaller in diameter outside than the original equipment. Original equipment being a rubber hose. Here you have a steel braided hose which is much more resistant to the abrasives that they are subject to underneath that vehicle. You figure that every time you drive in the rain or a dirt road or whatever, those hoses are exposed to all of those elements. So you'll find that the braided steel is a much more reliable design. These are manufactured here by us and are designed to fit that vehicle perfectly. You also get 2 bottles of brake fluid which you may think is a little bit much, but we recommend that if you're going to do the hoses, do a brake flush at the same time. You're going to be basically have to bleed the system anyway. Run the extra fluid through there. Get nice clean brake fluid. You'll be amazed at how much better your brake feel is when you have fresh fluid in there. So what we're going to do is have a D1 up in the air. We're going to have the wheels pulled off. We're going to show you the location of these hoses.And it will also give you a better brake feel on the pedal. You'd be amazed of what just the changing of the brake fluid can do for the brake system. So, when you're ready to change over the hoses and give your vehicle a good brake fluid flush you can contact any of our knowledgeable salesmen a call at 1-800-533-2210. Thanks for watching.
Watch Doug go over the process of accessing the brake light switch on an LR3. Procedure is the same for the Range Rover Sport and Sport Supercharged as it is for the LR3. The brake light switch is something that is commonly replaced on these vehicles, so knowing the correct way to access and remove the switch can be very helpful.
How to Access Brake Light Switch for LR3My name is Doug, and I am going to be taking over for Jim doing these tech videos along with answering any of your tech support questions here at RoverParts.com. And what I am going to do is a brief introduction, this is a common problem with the LR3s, the brake light switch, and I'm just going to show you essentially how to the access the switch and make life a little bit easier for you. Essentially it is a relatively easy access. What we have is a bottom panel underneath. Now this panel also includes your courtesy light, so you're going to be careful when you drop it. All you have is 2 Phillips screws in the front of the panel, and they're just a quick release, 3 quarter turn and they drop. Over to your right against the center console this carpeted piece is part of the lower panel, and it is held in by a snap clip which you grab from the back side, you'll pull, and that will release. Drop your lower panel, if you lift down in the center area and then push up with left hand you can unclip the panel because it seats in behind the left side kick panel. This is so you don't have to disassemble all this on the left side. Now the courtesy lamp is already missing, so we don't have to worry about that. This panel comes out, and if you want a little bit easier access, the knee bolster pops out as well. This way when you go to change it you actually have an opening right here in the dash, and you're looking right at the brake light switch. From the switch it's just a simple 90 degree turn, it pops out, you disconnect your connector, reverse the procedure to put it back together. very easy, and like a I said it is a very common problem so this gives you an idea that this is not an insurmountable job. That's all there is to it. And that brake light switch will be available, you can get it through any of our salesmen at Roverparts.com. You can reach us at 1-800-533-2210. Just that easy.
How to remove and replace the brake pads and caliper guide pins on a Land Rover Discovery Series, II 1999 - 2004. Watch Jim as he demonstrates how to remove and replace the brake pads and guide pins on a Discovery II. The same process with work for a Range Rover P38, 1995 - 2002.
Installation Tips Brake Pads and Guide Pins On Discovery Series IIGood morning, it's Jim at Atlantic British. I take care of the technical support here. This morning we're going to do like an overview on brake pads on a Discovery 2. This also applies to a P38 Range Rover, that's 1995 to 2002. It's the same front brake caliper. We're going to run you through how to get your brake pads out. And then we're going to look some parts on the caliper. The first thing you want to remember when you're doing any brake work on these cars is put a cover over the master cylinder reservoir lid. That way when you're pushing the pistons back and caliper, the fluid goes back up there and it won't make a big mess. Another thing you can do is maybe take some of the fluid out of there at the beginning. So the first thing I'm going to run through is the bolts you take off to get the top of the caliper off.You can get all your brake parts here at Atlantic British. Either check us out on the website RoverParts.com or give us a call at 1-800-533-2210. Talk to your sales guy. He can hook you up with any part of this brake system. I don't care if you want pads. We have about 5 different lines of pads. High performance pads. Brake lines. Servos. Anything you need. You can get it here at Atlantic British. And don't forget to follow us on Facebook.
Are the horn buttons on your Discovery Series II worn? Are the boots on the hand brake and four wheel drive selector old and cracked? You can replace these worn items to spiff up your interior. Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, as he demonstrates the removal and replacement of these parts on our Discovery Series II. Using
Horn Button Kit # HBD2A (includes two new horn buttons) and Boot Kit part # BOOTKIT (includes new hand brake and four wheel drive selector boots) for a refresh to your D2. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Kit # HBD2A and Kit # BOOTKIT On Discovery Series IIHi I'm Doug, and I'm your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. In this video we're going to talk a little bit about aesthetics. We have our D2, our Discovery 2 project behind us here. And one of the things you notice is as these vehicles are getting older is some of the wearable items on the interior are starting to show their age. And so maybe it's time to update or improve the looks. So what we've done, we've put together what we call a Boot Kit, and these are the 2 boots, 1 at the bottom of the parking brake lever, and 1 at the bottom of the shifter for the transfer case. And we've also added the horn button covers which are the HBD2a's. And they're a little different than the originals, they're smoother, they just have a little bit of a textured finish to them. They don't have the dimple and the horn on them, but they definitely improve the look because over time, just the acid from your fingers and whatnot can make those horn buttons look pretty dingy. So without having to replace the whole switch assembly and all, you can just replace the buttons. So what we're going to do is we're going to show you how to pop these in place, basically all you're going to need for tool-wise, maybe a plastic trim tool, small straight blade screw driver, and you're also going to need some super glue. The way these attach to the bottom of the original frames is we're going to be cutting away the boots and then super gluing the new boots in place. All right, now what we're going to do is start with the horn buttons. One of the advantages to the setup of the D2 is as long as the key is off the horn won't go off. Otherwise this would be, on some other vehicles this would be repeatedly going off while you're changing this button. Now essentially what we're going to do, if you look at the replacement button, which is essentially oriented just like the original. You just have 4 small tabs. 1 in each corner. They have a little knock on them so that they grab in place when you push it in. So what we're going to do is take the tool and work our way around it and lift that button right out of there. Now, you might want to have something underneath to catch or just keep your hand in a spot because you have a spring that's behind this, behind this small plate, that can twist and drop out of there once you get the button dislodged.As an example, we're not really replacing the boot in this unit. As you can see, it does need it, as a lot of them do at this point. So then, the bracket with the little loop on it, with the nylon straw, that's going to go to the bottom. And you'll see basically what you have with this little angle, is that angle sits against the lip at the bottom of the console. It should go forward a little bit. Then this just flexes in and pushes in. And you'll notice with this switch assembly out of the way this is just so much easier. And there you are. It's basically back in place. And all you need to do is take your switch back, screw it back on. Put your cover back on. You're done. So in the end you have new horn buttons. New boot. New boot. And it improves the look of the interior of your vehicle quite a bit. So when you're ready for a little weekend, it's really even a weekend project as you can see. It's a fairly easy kit to change over. Makes a huge difference with how the interior looks on the vehicle. So when you're ready to do so give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
Get a complete tour underneath an LR3 V8 4.4L. Watch Jim as he identifies the various components of the LR3, identifying the air suspension compressor, emergency brake actuator, oil filter and drain plug, front differential, transfer case and shift motor placement and some parts of the air suspension system. Please note that the LR3 undercarriage is identical to the Range Rover Sport.
LR3 Under-Car Tour (also applies to Range Rover Sport)Hi it's Jim here at Atlantic British. I do the technical support here. Today we're going to do like a walk around tour underneath an LR3. LR3 and Range Rover Sport are exactly the same underneath. We're going to be showing you the air suspension compressor, the emergency brake actuator and some parts of the axle air suspension system. Let's take a short walk over to the car. First thing I want to start with is probably the hardest to see. It's just above the rear axle under the car. It's the emergency brake actuator. If you can look up past the axle. I got it lit up there. You can see my finger probably. That's where it is. Exactly in the middle of nowhere. From that actuator there's cables that wind around and come out into each rear brake. You'll find the emergency brake shoes are inside the rear brake calipers. It's electrically operated. Fairly reliable. Next thing under here I want to take a look at is parts of the air suspension. One thing you should know is the compressor is underneath this little plastic cover, right here by the frame. Make sure if you're jacking this truck up you're not jacking on this because you could wreck it and spend a lot of money. There's like 3 bolts that hold this cover on and some snaps. I already got the 3 bolts out. I'll just release the snaps. Here it comes. Okay once you get that out of the way, here's your compressor. It's not a bad job to replace. There has been some problems with that. Next thing we want to look at under here is up from the compressor is the reservoir for the air. Not too many problems with that. Next thing back towards the back I'll show you where the actual height sensors are. Height sensors are back here. You can see there's a little arm on them. One on each side. Next thing I want to show you is if you're going to do an oil change, kind of what you got to go through on this truck just to get at your oil filter and the drain plug. As you can see we've moved to the front of the car. As I mentioned before to do an oil change on this car you have to take this whole skid plate off. There's a little plate up front. And this plate. It's pretty straight forward. A bunch of bolts come out. It's heavy. You may need some help getting it out of here. I'll remove this and show you where the drain plug is. Also why we're up here, here's where the front height sensors are for the air suspension. And while we're up in there you can see there's brake lines and so that go to the front brake caliper. As you can see I've removed the skid plate. You can find your drain plug for your engine oil right there. And if you move towards the front the oil filter's right here. It's attached to an oil cooler. While we're up here in the front I can show you where the front differential is. It's right here with its drain. It's a good idea to change it once in a while. We can move farther back into the car, and if you're wondering where your transfer case is, it's just above my head. And there's a shift motor there that sometimes fails on these cars. Here at Atlantic British we stock everything for your LR3 or Sport, whether it is a simple oil filter that was up in the front. Or in the back for the emergency brake. We carry the actuator. We carry the emergency brake shoes. Just about anything you need. You know brake shoes. Brake pads. Anything you want you can get for your Rover here at Atlantic British. You can give us a call at 1-800-533-2210 or check us out on the web at RoverParts.com.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, show you how to access and replace the bulbs in the rear lamp assembly on a Discovery I 1994 - 1999. Applicable Part #s AMR5151G / AMR5150G / AMR3955G / AMR3954G. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab.
Rear Lamp Assembly Bulb Replacement On Discovery I 1994 - 1999Hi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. And in this video we're going to touch base on how to change the taillight bulbs on your 1994 to 1998 Discovery I. Now you'll notice that on the taillights on these there are no screws to remove the lense. So which means we have to access them from the inside. And you have your brake light, turn signal, reverse light and running light all built into the 1 lamp. Bulbs go out on occasion and when they do you want to be able to change them over quickly enough. Nobody needs to get pulled over for a taillight being out. So, we're going to show you how to access and changed those bulbs over. Alright, so, you're going to find that when you look in the back of your Disco 1 you've actually got some nice access panels instead of having to pull off the entire side panel to access the bulbs. It's simply just a removal of this Phillips screw on the top side of this panel. And lift up and remove. And there's your taillight assembly right here. Now you'll see these little white cones so to speak - there's 4 of them in the back of the bulb. 1 is a brake light. 1 is reverse light. Just simply you can look at the lense on the outside and line up which one you are looking at. So bottom running light. You have your turn signal. You have your reverse light. And you also have your brake light. Now you can do this one of two ways. There are 2 thumb screws on top of brackets, that you take the 2 thumb screws out, turn the bracket, you can take the whole taillight assembly out the back which will give you easy access. Or if you have a little more nimble fingers, you just can simply reach in. You grab the proper cone that you're looking for to change over. Twist to the left maybe about a quarter of a turn, and they pop right out. There's your bulb. Most of the bulbs are what they call a bayonet design so you simply just push in, turn and remove. It's a good idea to inspect the cone too because this is actually your connection as well. If you have any corrosion built up in there you want to either clean it off or replace it. Put your new bulb in place. Make sure it's lined up the way the old bulb went out. Make sure it's locked in place. Line up the tabs until you feel that little cones drop in place. And then simply turn to the right not even a quarter of a turn that's locked in. So that's pretty much it. It's a very easy access. It's easy to do. And it's something you want to do on a regular basis. Check your lights. Most people don't do it on a regular basis. You never know when one of your bulbs is going to go out at any given time. So for now, when you're ready to change over any of the bulbs on your Disco, give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. Thanks for watching.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, as he explains a second step in approaching getting rid of the 3 Amigos on your Discovery Series II. In this video, Doug will remove and replace the
ABS Modulator Valve Kit part # SWO500040. Questions about this video? Call our knowledgeable sale staff at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Part # SWO500040 Install ABS Modulator Valve Kit On Discovery Series IIHi I'm Doug. Your tech support representative at Atlantic British. In this video we're going to talk about maybe the second step, or a better step in approaching getting rid of the 3 amigos on your vehicle. Now again we've stated any ABS fault is going to activate the 3 amigos which is essentially your ABS, your hill descend and your traction control lights on your dash. But, you use the fault codes to find out that in fact it is shuttle valve circuits that are creating the problem. Now everybody refers to this as shuttle valves which in essence it's not the shuttle valve itself but it is the shuttle valve actuator. And this is the 2 actuators that plunge and operate the 2 valves. In addition to that though, you have this intermediate block which also has all the solenoids that activate and pull the valves open on the system. Now what happens is should we get a little brake fluid in there, or just due to exposure, the 2 pin connectors inside that block which plugs into the shuttle valve actuator can get some corrosion on it, as well as the connectors here. So after inspection and you find you see some corrosion in there or you've pulled the shuttle valves apart and I know there are some test out there you can test these to determine if they are good or bad, that you may want to do the 2 piece set which we have as a kit. So you might want to look into that. What we're going to do is going to show you we've already shown you how to install the shuttle valve itself without disconnecting the brake lines. You can refer back to our video on that. But what we're going to do now is show you how to install this intermediate block. This also doesn't include removing the brake lines which you basically can get around. I'm going to show you how to do that. So right away you'll notice that the solenoid block doesn't have any hydraulic lines going to it. So we actually should be able to replace this without having to disconnect any of the lines. Before we do that though we need to lift this block so that we can unbolt the shuttle valve actuator underneath because that actually attaches electrically to the bottom side of this solenoid block. So first what we do is start off with push that tab and we pull the 2 electrical connectors. There's a little squeeze tab on the backside of this lower one. And that pulls that out. And get that out of the way. And even though it's really not necessary we'll take the brake fluid level connector off just to move that out of the way just so we know we're not going to damage the wiring. It's good to move that and get that clear. So you have 3 10 millimeter nuts. The back ones you'll need to remove. The front one is in a slotted hole so all we need to so with that is essentially just loosen it. And probably about 4 or 5 turns and that should give us enough slack to remove that.You can determine basically how hard they were to get out will help determine how much torque to put on them putting them back in. And generally I did it by hand and it works fine for me. But you may want to gauge how tight they are by how tight they were coming off. Alright just to finish things off you're going to make sure top put your 2 electrical connectors back on. Plug in your brake fluid level connector. And at that point you're done. You didn't brake the lines open so we don't have to bleed the system. You may want to clear the codes out of the ABS module. If you don't have that capability actually what it will do is, it won't necessarily clear the code, but it will keep the light off if it sees that the system is functioning properly at this point. If you should still end up with issues with the 3 amigos and they still come up as shuttle valve codes, then more than likely you're going to need the hydraulic unit. But we find for the majority of vehicles out there, this repair takes care of it. So when you're ready to take care of your shuttle valve issue, and you find you need the extra component that this kit will help fix it for you, just call any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
The LR3 and Range Rover Sport are showing their age. When the bushings on the lower control arms become worn, you will find the car does not handle well, and also, evidence of advanced tire wear will occur. Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, as he discusses options you have for replacement of the lower control arms and the bushings installed in this arms, based on the tools/equipment you have or your how-to ability level. Please refer any questions or comments to 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab.
Polybush vs. Regular Bushing Overview: Replacement vs. Buying Whole Control Arms and Parts On LR3 or Range Rover SportHi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. And in this video we are going to talk about lower control arm bushings, especially for the LR3s and the Sports. They're starting to show their age. We found a lot of vehicles where they've gotten so lose where they're starting to bang. bang. They are actually creating so much movement that the car doesn't feel like it handles the same way anymore. Advance tire wear. And then again a banging noise from the lower end when you step on the brake or when you accelerate. So, anyway. What we have are several options. And these options mostly are going to depend on your mechanical ability and the equipment that you have. You can start the easy way, and a lot of guys will go this option, is to replace the entire control arm. These are the 2 bushings in questions. Plus you end up with a new ball joint and a new control arm. Now you have a hardware kit in case the old hardware is in bad shape. We actually offer you all the hardware to install the control arm with the alignment cams, the nut and the bolts. If you opt to have just the bushings replaced, you want to rebuild the existing control arm, you can install the factory designed bushings and ball joint. Things is you will need a press to install these. So keep that in mind. Or if you have a friend with a press or a shop that will press them in for you that will be fine. The control arm itself isn't all that bad to remove, and if you refer to our video that we have in the How To videos, you'll see exactly how to remove this. And it will actually show you a way where you can cut out the bushings without having to use a press. The third option is going to be the polybush which we actually show you how to install in one of our How To videos. Because once you've cut out the original bushings, these actually just slide in place. You install the metal insert and then bolt back in the vehicle. So it's relatively easy. So then again it's all a matter of the shop equipment that you have, your mechanical ability, basically what option that you decide to do. What's nice about it is that we do have the hardware kit separate so that if you do opt for the polybush kit, you can use the factory designed hardware to install it. And then that will set you up so that you can bring it to your local shop. You get your vehicle aligned and then you're all set and ready to go. The polybush are nice because they are easy to install. They do change the ride a little bit. Mostly favorable. It might give you a little nicer ride on the road. The original bushings again, this will set the vehicle back to its original specifications. Or you can do the same with just replacing the whole control arm. And again refer to our How To videos and there's a lot of good information in there on how to change them over. So, when you're ready to do that repair on your LR3 or your Sport just refer to our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
Learn the differences between BOSCH and GEMS V8 engines found in Land Rover Discovery I, Discovery II and Range Rover models. Jim shows how to determine whether your Land Rover is equipped with an ACE suspension. The video also shows how to change a pollen filter on a Range Rover and highlights key vehicle components.
Bosch Engine vs. GEMS Engine: An Under-Hood Tour of the Discovery Series II and Range Rover P38Good morning. It's Jim from Atlantic British again. I take care of the technical support here. We have a little motto around here if you've got questions, we've got answers. Today we're going to explain the difference between a GEMS engine in your Range Rover and a Bosch engine. We get people wondering about this all the time. We're going to start with 1998 Range Rover here. This engine is the GEMS engine. The easiest thing to figure out is you'll see this center plenum. It'll say either 4.0 or 4.6 on them. That's the easiest way to tell. Now over next to us here, we've got a Discovery 2. If you look under the hood of this one you can see it's marketable different. It's commonly called what I call the plumber's nightmare. And that's basically the easiest way to tell the difference between the 2 engines, is they really look difference now that you see a picture. While we're here at the Discovery 2 another question we always get is 'Does my car have the ACE suspension in it?' Again, the easiest way to tell, now this car does not have it. Find your power steering reservoir which is right here. It has one cap. If this truck did have ACE, the reservoir would look like this one, with 2 caps on it. It's the simplest way. There's also a picture on our website showing the actually hydraulic rams underneath the front end. While we're here we can give you a quick tour of under the hood. Over here would be your brake master cylinder. This is the fabulous unit where you get the 3 Amigos from. This is the server for the ABS unit. If we pan over to the other side of the truck, this would be your reservoir for the coolant. And right here is the underhood fuse box. Which comes off. Right there. And find all your fuses in there. We've got both cars together. We'll go back over to the 4.0. Another question we normally get is about pollen filters, which you should do I would say maybe every 15,00 miles. They're located in these compartments just at the base of the windshield. They have these covers on them held with 2 screws. You remove the screws. Get that out of the way. And it just pulls out. As you can see Nancy here has nice clean ones. When you're all done just slide it back in, put the cover back on and replace the screws. While we're at this truck, same thing. Here's your coolant tank. Next to that is the fuse box. These trucks have problems with these fuse boxes. As you can see these relays get discolored from overheating. Especially these 2 fronts ones that go with the air conditioner. And a little hint: If these relays get hot, take a look at your pollen filters because usually it overworks the blower motors. This would be your windshield washer solvent. And moving over here this is power steering fluid. Under here is your air filter. And back here is the reservoir for the brake cylinder. Contained in this box here is the air compressor for the air suspension. This car has the air suspension removed so I don't think it's in there anymore. Here at Atlantic British we carry lot's of parts for both of these cars. You can contact us on either RoverParts.com or give us a call at 1-800-533-2210. Contact our sales department. They're very knowledgeable on both of these cars. And another good idea - you can probably follow us on YouTube. Go to our website and you can sign up for the YouTube videos. You'll get notifications when a new one comes out.
Atlantic British Ltd. Repair & Maintenance Academy How-To Video: Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, explain front wheel bearing failure on a LR3, 2005-2009. He goes on to discuss how to resolve this common issue with replacement of the front hub bearing assembly. This replacement of the hub bearing assembly is also valid on a Range Rover Sport, 2006-2009. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. NOTE: We offer two versions of the hub assembly: Best quality is part # LR014147 (Axle Retainer Nut is additional - see related items on the part page.) Value quality is part # LR014147A (includes an Axle Retainer Nut but part is manufactured for a shorter lifespan / durability.) Front Wheel Bearing Failure and How To Install a New Hub Bearing Assembly on LR3 2005 - 2009 or Range Rover Sport 2006 - 2009 Hi I'm Doug your tech support representative for Atlantic British. And in the video we're going to address something that shows up quite a bit, that I find any way, on the LR3s and Range Rover Sports and that's front wheel bearing failure. Now, you can replace the front wheel bearings on these by themselves. I know there are some areas that you can get them, but generally when you try to press the old bearings out and press the new ones in, some damage is done to the new ones. It's always better to just replace the hub assembly. It also makes it a much easier installation. Now the first way to find out if I actually have a bad wheel bearing or not is you hear growling noises from the front end, you can hear a loud brake squeal on corners and what that is from is from excessive movement. Now you want to verify that - you jack your vehicle up. You can either jack up by the frame, or if you're dealing with a floor jack slide that under the lower control arm, get the front wheel off the ground. Okay, so caliper is mounted. Brackets back in place. Make sure your hoses are back in their little retainers. You have a small yellow retainer, usually on the brake hose to hold one of the cables in place. Your pad sensor is in place. Caliper is tight. Nut is tight. Nut has been crimped. Retainer screw for the rotor in place. Now you're just going to put the wheel on. One last thing to take note because you have pushed the pads in to remove them off of the rotor, when you first get in your pedal is going to be rather low. Before you move the vehicle, start it up, pump the pedal a few times, get your brake pedal back up, and then you're good to go. So again, this is how you're going to replace the hub assembly on the front of your LR3 or your Sport. When you're ready to do so give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210 and thanks for watching.
In this video, Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, will go over the installation of the re-flash module to remove dashboard codes after installation of our
coil suspension conversion kit L319SRK-OMEHL on our 2006 Range Rover Sport 4.4 (non-supercharged). This same install process also applies to the Land Rover LR3. Part #:7980 EAS Reflash Module Installation Demonstrated On Range Rover Sport Supercharged (Works On LR3) So when you're done converting your Sport or LR3 over from air suspension to coil spring, you're going to need to do what's referred to as a reflash, or inline filter. Basically to fool the system so that it will turn off all the warning lights, and the bells and whistles and everything. And everything else will operate. What it also does is it also maintains Terrain Response so you don't lose that. Which is nice. The only thing you do lose is the ability to raise and lower the vehicle at will. So, essentially what you'll be receiving is an EAS reflash unit. Refer to this. it's the 7980. It comes with the box. You'll also have a plug in pigtail. It's got 6 wires off of it that will need to be wired in. We're going to show you how to do that in a few minutes. And that's essentially it. And then through a small process you'll be able to reflash this unit so that you'll be able to drive away without having all the warning lights on. So we're going to start off with showing you how to access and where the location of the right lower control module is because the wiring going into that module is where we're going to be cutting into, and splicing into to make this work. All right, so we have the vehicle started. And you can see the warning lights you have on. Red brake light. The ABS light. The steering angle sensor. The suspension light. And all those are related, especially on these newer vehicles with these networks. They all talk to each other. So, now you've seen the lights. Now we're going to show you the Terrain Response, which the lights are out because it also sees a fault there. All right, so, here's your Terrain Response selector on the center console. And you'll see I'm going to move this bright light away just for a second, and you can see there are no indicator lights on that. So you've essentially lost Terrain Response. And we're going to go through the reflash and get that back. So to get started we're going to need a few basic tools. A straight blade screw driver. Phillips screw driver. I would prefer you use a nylon trim tool as opposed to metal. And then a quarter inch drive ratchet extension. This is a 10 millimeter deep swivel head. You can go with a regular deep with a shorter extension. This is just the set up I like to use. And an 8 millimeter deep quarter inch drive socket. So you start off with taking a straight blade and we're just going to stick that underneath that. This is your foot rest. This pops right off. Now, what that does is that exposes to 10 millimeter nuts that are going to hold this foot pad in place. So we grab our quarter ratchet. And the reason I go with the deep is because you've got probably about 3/4 of an inch of stud past the nut, so a regular socket will be a little to shallow to get all the way on the nut to get it off. So we've got one. Also, 1 more tool you're going to need is going to be a T25 torx driver. There's a torx head bolt that holds the hood release level on.Okay, so we've got one fault that's activated. Directional Stability Control, the Terrain Response is on which is good. And we're in coil mode because our lights here are out. So let's clear out the codes and double check and make sure everything is good. All right, so in many cases, even though you saw where Terrain Response was on, we had some codes that were showing up on here, essentially we did 2 or 3 restarts, and the vehicle actually cleared the codes out all by itself. So I have no warning lights on. We have Terrain Response. We have our high-low management here for our transfer case. And you'll notice that no lights here. It tells you that we are in coil mode. So we're actually good to go. So we're going to find a nice spot up in that upper area. We'll wire tie the box so that it's not hitting anything or rattling around under the dash. And it's simply just reverse your process for reassembly, just the way you took it apart. Once that's done, you're ready road test this and take it for a ride. All right, so when you're ready to convert your Sport or your LR3 over from air suspension to coil spring, you can call any of our knowledgeable salesman at 1-800-533-2210. Or you can click on this link and order it online. And if you like our helpful videos, you can click on here and this will take you to our YouTube channel where you can subscribe and see a number of videos that we've produced. So we thank you for watching, and Rover on.
In this video, watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, install the iLAND Diagnostic App on an Android device and pair the iLAND Dongle to the Android device. iLAND, advanced diagnostics for your smartphone, is the next generation diagnostic app for Land Rovers! Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab.
How-To Install the iLANDApp On Android Hi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. In this video we're going to talk about the new iLAND diagnostic tool. Now this is a tool that's going to be exclusive to Atlantic British. It utilized Bluetooth, so you're just going to be using your iphone or your Android system phone. Or even your ipad, ios ipad, with a dongle that simply plugs into the diagnostic connector in your vehicle. So it's small, it's portable. It has a tremendous amount of capabilities on it. Just to give you an idea, the system coverage is more than 6 pages. The special functions, there are over a thousand special functions when you combine all the Land Rover vehicles. And the fact that it's on this little dongle means you can through this in the glove box of your vehicle and should you be on the road and have a problem, you always have your diagnostic tool with you. Because you'll always have your cell phone in your pocket. So it's a fantastic idea. So what we've done is we've put together 2 packages where you can either purchase an individual Land Rover vehicle to run on your system, or you can go the pro version, if you're a shop or you're working on a lot of Land Rovers, that you encompass the whole range of Land Rovers so that you always have whatever you need on the unit. So what we're going to do now, if you'd like, you want to follow the video, we have a little run down of some of the special functions that we thought would be of special interest to a lot of Land Rover owners. The iLAND app comes packed with over one thousand special diagnostic and programming functions for Land Rover vehicles. Popular special functions include: air suspension height calibration, tire pressure sensor replacement, oil service counter reset, service interval reset, engine adaption reset, transmission adaption reset, key programming, recover programmed keys, verify keys, security-keyfob remote functionality, parking brake setting and unjamming procedures, GEMS closed throttle position reset, height recalibration auxiliary heater control module. Find out more:checkout the complete list of systems coverage and thousands of special functions by vehicle model and year at: RoverParts.com/iland. And if you want to see the full range of features that the iLAND has, you can go to RoverParts.com and search for iLAND, and then it will give you access and you can actually even download and print all the system coverage and applications to the vehicles. As well as all the special functions. Okay, stay with me, and we're going to show you how easy it is to set up your new iLAND diagnostic tool. All right, so we're going to show you how to set up your new iLAND on an Android system. And essentially what will happen is when you get your Android tool, you're also going to get a set up sheet similar to this that's going to basically take you right through. This is an easy quick start guide. And what we'll start with is, you're going to turn your phone on. And we'll get on the screen. Now where you would go is you would go to your play store, your Google play store on your Android system. And then this will essentially put you there. It will have a search on top. And just put in iLAND diagnostics. And it will put you on this window. And we've all ready installed, but normally this would, this box on the left going to tell you install, hit that, let it do its thing. And then essentially you go back. And you will look for your icon right on your screen. So we'll hit that. We'll go back on that. And it's going to put you on the screen here. In fact let's back this up one. It's going to give you a screen that's going to essentially look like you're going to log in. But you haven't developed your registration yet. So down here, just below the log in box, you'll see sign up. We'll hit that. And then what it does now is put you on a screen. You're going to enter in your email address. This is the address that will be designated for this phone so once you enter it it becomes basically a permanent address. So we're going to do that. And we're going to go to the next screen. So you've entered your email address. The next screen you get is going to be verification. It's going to ask you to enter your received verification number which is right here. And we'll just punch that in. And then we're also going to set a password in here and it states 6 to 20 characters, doesn't say anything else about capitals or letters or numbers or whatnot. So just 6 to 20 characters will be enough for an adequate password. So now you've entered that. You're going to hit done. So the next screen now for the complete the info, this is a register this under your name, so your going to enter your first name, last name and zip code of where you live. So after entering your name and your zip code and you hit done, it's going to put you at one point it is going to tell you to pick a vehicle, but before it does, if there's any downloads, or upgrades available on this particular veh, on this particular set up, it will automatically set you up and sure enough, here we are, and we actually have a download available, so we're going to hit download. Let it do the upgrade and then we can get into picking our vehicles. Now, in case when you do finish your registration and whatnot, and there isn't a download or an upgrade available on that, at the time you'll get this window, it will just simply tell you sign up succeeded. And it will tell you to activate, welcome, to activate your dongle and you will have more functions. I'm going to hit that. Now it's going to ask for the serial number and the activation code which you will receive in the dongle box when you get your new iLAND. And this will come with your iLAND diagnostic tool. And there will be a product serial number, and then on this side the private / confidential which will be the verification number. You'll need to open up and underneath will be the verification number. And that's what this is asking for now. So we'll type in those 2 numbers. All right. So at this point now, you're going to get the screen that will ask you to choose your vehicle. Being that this unit is all ready set up for pro, it's all ready set up for all Land Rover vehicles, if you purchased your iLAND for a single vehicle. Of course now you choose your vehicle now, say either Range Rover, Discovery, whatever your vehicle is. Once you choose that it's locked in and you cannot change that. That remains constant on the vehicle. That's all you're going to have. So at this point now you've downloaded the app, you have the app, you have the vehicle choice, so now we're going back up to Bluetooth and link you up with the dongle. So when you get on your Bluetooth screen. First you're going to go to settings. You go to Bluetooth. You're going to look for available devices. You'll hit that and what it will do is a search. And then it will pop up the serial number on your dongle. And then at that point just tap that and it will pair it up. Now that we're paired, we have our app done, we can go back to our main screen. You see our iLAND and again I'm going to spell it out - it's i-l-a-n-d. There's no s in there. And go hit on the app. And basically we can now hook up to any vehicle. The first time you go into your vehicle, it's going to give you what they call workshop warnings. And these are basically just safety items that they want you to be aware off. And you'll hit accept. And then a warning using battery charger and whatnot. Just read through that. These are certain little guidelines. We'll hit accept. Please wait. And now everything is just going to load up. And there you are. Now it'll even show you if there is another version available, it will do automatic updates. So it's all ready loaded the newest updates so we can trash can the old one. We'll confirm. We'll take that out. So now we're on the latest and greatest. And you'll find that there will be updates as you use this constantly. They're always looking to improve the tool. So we'll hit confirm. And now it's going to set up the updates and get it all. Once the updates are loaded, you'll be able to get on the vehicle and be able to start your diagnostics. And that's basically all there is to it. So if you want more information on the iLAND, you can click on this link which will take you to our website. Or if you like our online videos and want more information on those or just simply want to view the videos you can go to this link and subscribe to our YouTube channel.
In this video, watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, install the iLAND Diagnostic App on an iOS device and pair the iLAND Dongle to the iOS device. iLAND, advanced diagnostics for your smart phone, is the next generation diagnostic app for Land Rovers! Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab.
How-To Install the iLANDApp On iOS Hi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. In this video we're going to talk about the new iLAND diagnostic tool. Now this is a tool that's going to be exclusive to Atlantic British. It utilized Bluetooth, so you're just going to be using your iphone or your Android system phone. Or even your ipad, ios ipad, with a dongle that simply plugs into the diagnostic connector in your vehicle. So it's small, it's portable. It has a tremendous amount of capabilities on it. Just to give you an idea, the system coverage is more than 6 pages. The special functions, there are over a thousand special functions when you combine all the Land Rover vehicles. And the fact that it's on this little dongle means you can through this in the glove box of your vehicle and should you be on the road and have a problem, you always have your diagnostic tool with you. Because you'll always have your cell phone in your pocket. So it's a fantastic idea. So what we've done is we've put together 2 packages where you can either purchase an individual Land Rover vehicle to run on your system, or you can go the pro version, if you're a shop or you're working on a lot of Land Rovers, that you encompass the whole range of Land Rovers so that you always have whatever you need on the unit. So what we're going to do now, if you'd like, you want to follow the video, we have a little run down of some of the special functions that we thought would be of special interest to a lot of Land Rover owners. The iLAND app comes packed with over one thousand special diagnostic and programming functions for Land Rover vehicles. Popular special functions include: air suspension height calibration, tire pressure sensor replacement, oil service counter reset, service interval reset, engine adaption reset, transmission adaption reset, key programming, recover programmed keys, verify keys, security-keyfob remote functionality, parking brake setting and unjamming procedures, GEMS closed throttle position reset, height recalibration auxiliary heater control module. Find out more: checkout the complete list of systems coverage and thousands of special functions by vehicle model and year at: RoverParts.com/iland. And if you want to see the full range of features that the iLAND has, you can go to RoverParts.com and search for iLAND, and then it will give you access and you can actually even download and print all the system coverage and applications to the vehicles. As well as all the special functions. Okay, stay with me, and we're going to show you how easy it is to set up your new iLAND diagnostic tool. All right, so let's begin. I'm going to show you how to load up your iLAND program onto your iphone or your ipad. You're going to go to app store. And when you go to app store, at the top when you search you're going to search for iLAND diagnostics. And that's i-l-a-n-d, no s. Once you get on iLAND diagnostics, you'll hit install and you're going to install the app on your phone. So, now you've downloaded your app, you'll find your icon on your main screen, on your home screen. So we'll hit that. So now we're going to go through registration process. Looks like a log in screen, but you'll see here in the lower left sign up. Hit that. And now you're going to feed the information. Of course it will say USA if you're in the United States. And then essentially what you're going to do at this point, you're going to enter your email address and then it's going to ask you to do it twice to confirm the correct email.All right, so we're essentially ready to do the next step will obviously the pairing. So we're going to pair up the phone now with the dongle so that once the two are connected, you'll have full use of your iLAND. So what essentially you're going to go to your Bluetooth settings. All right, go to settings, pull up Bluetooth, make sure Bluetooth is on. And then when you do a scan, the serial number for your unit is going to appear on your screen. Simply connect to it. Once you've done that, you're all set. So we'll get out of settings. We'll go back to our main screen. Let's hit iLAND. And now immediately all our vehicles come up. So if you're using an individual, you're just going to hit that, say you set yours up for a Range Rover, hit Range Rover and that's going to put you on the screen that's going to allow you to do all your diagnostics. And that we'll cover further in other vehicles. For now we want to show you how to do your initial set ups so you can get started using the iLAND. So if you want more information on the iLAND, you can click on this link which will take you to our website. Or if you like our online videos and want more information on those or just simply want to view the videos you can go to this link and subscribe to our YouTube channel.
A common issue with Discovery Series II, is the shuttle valve failure on the ABS System. The failure is indicated when the warning lights come on for the ABS, Traction Control and Hill Descent, affectionately known as the "Three Amigos." In this video, learn how to say good-bye to the 3 Amigos. Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, show you options on how to tackle this common issue. He will remove and replace the Hydraulic Control Assembly (special order part # SRB500570 - formally part # SRB101203) on a 2002 Discovery Series II. Doug also discusses replacement of the
ABS Modulator Shuttle Valve Switch (part # SWO500040) in this video. Questions about this video? Call our knowledgeable sale staff at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Part # SWO500030 / Kit # SWO500040 Special Order Part # SRB500570 (formally SRB101203) Replacement Of Shuttle Valve And Hydraulic Control Assembly On Discovery Series IIHi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. In this video we're going to go a little more into depth about a common issue with the Discovery IIs, which is a shuttle valve failure on the ABS system. Now normally when these do fail or if a fault code is applied it will turn the 3 lights on, which will be your hill descent, traction control and ABS light, which are affectionately known as the 3 Amigos. Now this isn't the only reason that these 3 lights come on. Any fault in the ABS system is going to cause them to come on so obviously, should they come on, it's telling you the fault code has been set, you want to take it to a shop, or if you all ready have a code reader for the ABS system, you can call that code and if those codes indicate shuttle valve, we're going to go into a little depth here as far as what you may need to do to repair that. Now essentially what I have broken down here is the 3 different levels that you can get into on this system. A lot of guys will initially start with just the shuttle valve replacement. Now this is not actually the valve, but these are the actuating solenoids that open the valves, which are built into the hydraulic block. Now you also have the center block which holds all the solenoid coils which activate the valves, which are built in and sealed in the block along with your electrical connectors, both external and internal. As you can see that's what your shuttle valve assembly plugs into. Now, one of the issues is simply just the failure of one of these solenoids which you replace and adjust this part will be able to repair it. And you can replace this without having to replace all the brake lines off of the hydraulic block. We're going to show you how in a little while. The next step would be if you pull the connections and you see corrosion built up on any of these connectors or on the 2 pins inside, then you're going to want to replace this block as well. It's just like anything else. Once the corrosion is started you can clean it off but within a couple months or a month it's right back. And the lights are back on. So the only proper way to do it is to replace the unit. Now we have the shuttle valves available separately. We have the shuttle valve actuator and the block available as a kit should you find corrosion in there. And then the next step would be to have to replace the hydraulic block. If you remove the shuttle valve which is right there. The 2 solenoids go down through 2 sealed pistons which are the actual base of the valve itself. And those seals can leak. So if you pull this shuttle valve off and you find brake fluid built up on both sides, those pistons are leaking, your best repair is to replace the hydraulic block. Now we do make these available. We can get these on a special order. You would just talk to your salesman about that as far as getting this part.We're going to do what they call a conventional brake bleed. We'll have somebody either pump the pedal or you can use a pressure. I don't know if you've ever used a brake bleeder, pressurized brake bleeders. They attach to the top of the master cylinder. And with fluid apply pressure to push it through. And then we're going to have to hook up a diagnostic tool and do the power bleed. When all is said and done, hopefully we should have a good brake pedal and no more 3 Amigos. Again, I want to note this is not the only cause for the 3 Amigos. Any ABS fault will kick those 3 lights on, so it's always best, pull the codes first. Wheel speed sensors, circuit faults, things of that nature can also turn those lights on. So when you're ready to repair your 3 Amigos, if you want to put them out, and you've found out that your shuttle valves are the cause, give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, go over the steps involved in performing the oxygen sensor (or O2 sensor) service on a 1997 Defender 90. Using our
money-saving kit # AMR6244SKA, with all the parts you need to do this service, it is recommended that the O2 sensors be replaced every 90,000 miles. Kit #: AMR6244SKA Replacing Oxygen Sensors On Defender 90 1997, 8-Cylinder Gasoline, North American SpecificationsHi I'm Doug, your tech support representative for Atlantic British and in this video we are going to touch base on the O 2 Sensor Replacement as part of your service and maintenance program. Now it's recommended on the high mileage vehicles, as actually in Land Rover's programs, your usually recommended at 90,000 miles. So if you have a high mileage Land Rover, the Defender 90, Discovery 1 and the P38 Range Rover will use this kit. It will give you all 4 sensors. Your 2 upstream and your 2 downstream, which actually are the same O 2 sensors. And what we're going to do later in this vehicle is we're going to give you basics and tips on how to replace those O twos. Now we're going to show you the location and give you a couple tips on changing the O 2 sensors in a 1997 D90. Since the advent of OBD 2, most of your vehicles 96 and up are going to have 4 O 2 sensors. You're going to have 2 upstream ahead of the catalytic converters. And 2 downstream, behind the catalytic converters. Now on the case on this one, these are all the same size. These are going to be a seventeen millimeter wrench you're going to use to take these off. And you'll see the locations on all 4. Access is pretty reasonable on these. The only thing you might find a little bit is on the routing for the wiring to get to your connectors you should be able to get to all 4 quite easily. But always check the routing of the wiring before you take it apart. Before you take it off. So that when you install it, you're going to put your wiring in the same place. Most notably, when you look at the rears, where they run the wiring through the transmission mount so they don't get hung up down below. You really want them up in a protected area, but yet not high enough to any of the supports or any moving linkage under there. Now, essentially, and we're going to show you on this O 2 sensor right here which is the downstream on the number 2 bank or passenger side of the vehicle. They've been in there for a while. And you usually find a flare wrench is usually the best application to atleast crack it loose. It has a better fit on the O 2 sensor itself. It will cause less distortion. That's why they use these on brake lines as well. You're just going to slide that over. And it's angled, so it will actually give you some access to the other end. And you just take a medium sized ball peen hammer. And you can usually tap it loose. Some of these it will be. It is loose but not quite loose enough to turn with the fingers. So you can just grab a regular open end wrench. Spin it off rest of the way. Trace your wiring to the connector, which in this case is just up and over the transfer case but still relatively easy to get at. Just right up in here where my finger is. And the other side will be the same. When you do the fronts, probably your best bet is to remove the O 2 sensor and then lower the vehicle, or if you're on a creeper go back up top. Your connectors are actually fairly easy to get at. Behind each cylinder head up top. And we're going to tighten this back up. You don't need to tighten it with a hammer like you did to take it off. You'll feel it seat just like a spark plug. Give it a little push. Eighth of a turn. Now she's seated in. Again you don't want to over torque it and do any damage to the threads. That's pretty much your O 2 sensors. As we recommended early, it's recommended to change them every 90,000 miles. After a period of time they do get coated. They're not as efficient as they were when they were new. That affects your fuel mixture in your engine which again can affect performance and fuel economy. When you want to do your O 2 sensors and you're ready for the kit you can call any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210.
Watch Doug present an overview of what is under the hood on a Range Rover Full Size L322, 2006 - 2009, with a 4.2 Supercharged engine. He'll also show you the locations of most of your fluid fill points and other items of interest. This is the same as the 4.4 naturally-aspirated engine. Doug shows you how to reposition the hood in the full upright position in order to gain better access to the systems under the hood on a Range Rover Full Size Supercharged, 2006 - 2009. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab.
Under Hood Tour Range Rover Full Size Supercharged, 2006 - 2009, 8-Cylinder Gasoline, North American SpecificationAlright, so what we have here is a 2006 Full Size Range Rover. The L322. This has got the 4.2 Supercharged engine. The locations of most of your fluids and your items of interest under the hood are going to be basically the same whether you have the 4.2 Supercharged or the 4.4 naturally aspirated. So essentially what we're going to do is start in the back passenger corner. You have the battery box. And you'll find the battery is tucked in there pretty good. And these are a good size battery. And we'll show you a little trick in a little while on how you can reposition the hood so you can have easier access to items in the back. Next is going to be your cool box. In here is going to be most of your major modules. Your PCM, transmission control module, transfer case module. And this actually has a cooling fan similar to what you have on your PC to keep your box down at a certain temperature. This is actually in a way climate controlled to keep the moisture level and condensation and all that down from inside the box. Then you have your coolant overflow reservoir with the bleeder cap. This is where you're going to watch your coolant levels. On the side, on this side where I am looking down there is actually a level stripe on the tank so that you can watch and maintain your coolant level. This is just a crossover tube for your air conditioning. This is your power steering fluid. And you essentially have the same thing. You have a level marker towards the front, but with a flashlight you can actually get a better idea. Always check this with a flashlight and check your level. And it also gives you a better idea on the condition of your fluid. Should the fluid turn a dark color, a dark black or whatever, this can be flushed and refreshed with fresh fluid. And you should do it. Just like any petroleum based fluid it should be done on a regular basis. Your washer fluid with the vent. Your air filter box. Your oil level dip stick. Now you'll notice an O ring on here. These systems have a negative pressure system inside the crank case to keep the crank case ventilated. So it's actually important on these O rings on both the filler cap and the dip stick stay maintained. This is your ABS control module, both the hydraulic and electronic. Your lines. You'll see these 2 large caps on both sides which are just simply covers on for the top of your air suspension struts. And then in the rear compartment is going to be your brake master cylinder, which also has a level marker on it. So these are all your points that you'll want to check on a regular basis. You always want to check your fluids so in case you pick up a leak or something you have an idea of what youre losing. Now, what we'll do is we'll show you how to access and remove this engine cover. You'll notice that the back quarter of it disappears underneath this panel, and so do the 2 rear screws that hold it down. This upper plenum, which is part of the heating system and also contains the pollen filter, which on another video we'll show you how to replace. You can remove this with just simply removing 2 bolts and this upper weather strip. And we're going to show you how. This simply pulls up and removes right off of a pinch well.Now we just bring this straight up. And you'll see this thin tab right here. I'll swing it out of the way so you get a better view of that. Just a slight tab with a hole in it. You're just going to swing that down. The hole lines up with this pin that's built into the hinge. And then just let it relax. Now the hood is almost in a full straight up vertical. Your cover and your plenum is out of the way. And this gives you very easy access to the top of the engine. So, that's basically our tour. We're going to show you in other videos how to change the different filters and other maintenance items on this. So, feel free to look through the other videos for any ideas or any information you need to work on your Full Size Range Rover.
Outfitting a Discovery Series II for Off-Road, Part Six (Extra 1)
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Technician, in Part Six (Extra 1) of our video how-to series, as he installs the
Baja Rack Jerry Can Holder on our project D2. Questions about this video? Call us at 1-800-533-2210 or contact us via the question tab. Outfitting A Land Rover Discovery Series II For Off-RoadHello. I'm Eric, a sales rep here at Atlantic British. Today we're going to talk about building up a Discovery 2 into an off road vehicle. They've gotten really affordable now. You can pick up a D2 for $3,500 to $5,000, put 3, 4, 5 thousand dollars into it and have a very good off road vehicle. This one we picked up a couple years ago. We've been driving it around, using it as a test mule. So now we're going to build it up into an off road truck. With Doug's help, we're going to put suspension, front and rear bumpers and then slowly build it up into a lifestyle truck. We'll have videos that will show Doug doing each process, and we'll post those as time goes on. This truck's in good shape. It's very straight for the year and we've had it for a few years as I've said. So stayed tuned and we'll have more information as time goes on.Part Six (Extra 1):Installing Jerry Can Holder To Baja Rack (BAJAFCH)Hi I'm Doug, you're tech support representative here at Atlantic British. And welcome back to Project D2. Now if you have been following the project, we've done a video showing the cargo rack for the Baja Rack for the top of the D2. And we mentioned that we were also going to be adding some accessories to it. One of the first accessories we're going to do - and this is a very popular item - is the Jerry Can holder. Now this unit can be mounted on either an open grid top like this one or it will even work on a mesh top cargo carrier or you can even use them on any of those mesh based add ons that will hook up to your trailer hitch. You've seen them mounted on the back of vehicles, it just simply looks like a tray. But this will mount on those as well. And it's a very easy installation, there's just several nuts and bolts. And what you have is a base bracket that can be mounted right on top. They give you the 2 clamps that will grab underneath and grab the side rail along with 4 additional clamps that grab underneath the cross rails. And they do a nice job because they also put foam inserts on all the brackets so they're not going to scratch up the metal on your cargo rack. You get all your hardware and they even give you a tube of grease so that you grease up the bolts when you put it together because this is exposed to the elements if you ever want to change its position or move it, with the grease bolts it's going to come out a lot easier. So it's nice that they put that thought into it. So this is a relatively easy installation. We have this on the ground so we can show you basically the location. Something you want to consider is that when you put a cargo rack on top you're obviously going to have a ladder in the back on the vehicle. So you don't want to put this where it's going to be blocking your access to the ladder. So in this case, the Discovery 2, the ladder is going to be coming up in the rear left corner, so we're going to mount this bracket over here so it's out of the way and you still have full access to the rack. So we're going to bolt this down and we're going to show you what it looks like completed. All right, so now we have the bracket mounted up. What I did is I'm going to show you on the bottom how the brackets looks. You have 4 cross braces underneath and along with the 2 clips that bolt on that grab around the side rail. So between the 4 mounts and the 2 add ons that grab the rail, that bracket's not going anywhere. That's a good solid hook up. So now we're going to set this down. And we're going to show you how to mount the jerry cans. All right, so here's the top view of bracket and how it's going to lay on top of the cargo carrier. And then we're going to take our first jerry can and set that in just like so. We'll clip this on. That will hold that in place. And then the second can. And we recommend when you put the cans in, obviously your open area, your opening is going to be up and not down. Lay our top brace on. And then we just thread in that large screw. You don't have to crush it. Just get it snug so that there's no free play or moving around. We'll set that in place. And then there's a safety precaution. They also give you a large washer and we put in a clip to make sure that can't back off all the way. So there you are. Your jerry cans are in place. Nice and secure. Not going anywhere. And it definitely adds to the look of the cargo. So when you're ready to add you jerry can adapter to your Baja Rack, just give a call to any of our knowledgeable salesmen at 1-800-533-2210. And thanks for watching.
Our Land Rover Master Technician, as he takes You step-by-step, in the replacement of the head gaskets on Our 2000 Discovery Series II with V8 BOSCH engine. We use our
kit # STC4082BKA which includes the head gasket set plus a set of head bolts. This is part 2 of 2 videos focusing on this topic. Part 1 shows the teardown and part 2 is the re-installation. We also cover replacement of the Discovery Series II short block engine. all right so you've seen us tear this down now we're gonna go over the things that we need to do before we start assembling the heads as you can see we have everything here and let's start putting it together so now we're at the point now we want to assemble the heads before we set them up on the block so just for a breakdown this is basically what you're gonna be assembling here we'll start with the head assembly itself the things you want to check obviously are for a clean straight surface for the valve cover for the exhaust and then most importantly for the head to block connection and you can see we have this all cleaned up now what we did too is we had put a straight edge on this and we can and you can actually get them out of an any automotive center someone will even loan them to you but these straight edges are accurate to within a half a thousandth of an inch and you want to do a crisscross pattern and then a straight up pattern and you want to basically look for any spots where you could see light if you hold a flashlight behind it and what that does it tells you that at that point then the head would need to be reground this one was in good shape and the bottom line is you don't want to have to have it surfaced if you don't need to reason being is if it had already been surfaced and was with inspection you have it cut again when you cut these and you cut too much off of them it because of the V pattern on the block it draws the heads closer together so what happens then is you may be able to give all the heads down but when you put the lower intake manifold on all holes aren't going to line up they're now closer together and not where they should be in regard to the manifold so keep that in mind if you like you can actually go on some of the forms that are out there you can download a program called rave Rav II and that has the overhaul manual which will give you a lot of the specs for how far you can cut the heads your torque specs for all your bolts and some some of your assembly run down beside our video so all that information makes this a little bit easier so again in this hope we we check the surface we look there surfaces are good our bracket is on now this is the driver's side head we want to make sure your ground strap is on now one thing we want to check is the oil delivery holes that run oil up to the rockers okay the way they're mounted on top and you'll see you got basically a small hole here this is a 5/32 drill bit we're just going to run that down we want to make sure that one is nice and clear that looks good and this one we can feel some drag and sure enough we've got some sticky mung in there so we're gonna do is take some break clean and blow that out on the same token the coinciding openings in the rocker arms you have your oil delivery holes feed a small chamber on the bottom of the rocker and as you can see there we get some buildup actually quite a bit and that can also cause a lowering of the oil pressure to the rockers so we want to make sure that's open and clean so we're going to clean those out we're gonna make sure those are open and then the next step would be to get the exhaust manifold bolted on so you know which manifold it is on your left side head of the two manifolds the single bolt that single bolt will always point towards the front of the engine so when you set the manifold on place if that's up front this is the correct manifold now we're going to show you something else in regard to the exhaust manifold gaskets proper positioning would be like so nope sorry like so reason being is this cross piece here that connects the two ports is below the spark plug and the head bolt now as you can see these can be mounted upside down and should you make that mistake you are now blocking off access to the head bolt and to the spark plug so when you put these gaskets on it should look like this with that cross piece laying on the bottom and then the front would be exactly the same so from there then we're gonna put the exhaust manifold bolts on don't forget that you have spacers on these bolts I've had this in this little little tray soaking and penetrating oil just to get them lubed up so these are gonna be a 12 millimeter 12-point don't forget to make sure you put your spacer so it's going to be your gasket your manifold and your spacer and then we'll lock those down good and tight and then spark plugs now we find the champions seem to run the best in these four all four six engines especially with the Bosch so you're going to set your gap which is also in the the the rave I believe these are 35 to 42 usually some at about 35 because as they where they'll stay within the specifications now is a good time to install them because it's right here in front of you you can lock them down you don't want to make them too tight because basically you've got the aluminum heads you don't want to over tighten the plugs then you're going to take a lot of torque just want to make sure you snug them in and then last but not least and I always replace the studs you'll see on the manifold that you're missing your three studs that go down through the catalytic converters reason being for that in many cases by the time you're doing an engine job on this the threads are pretty well worn off you might have even had to heat them up taking it out now these are set so that you have two different length threads the shorter end is going to go into the manifold leaving the extended area and the barrel extended out so we're going to just replace all those and it's the same thing if you have a stud puller a lock on that'll do a good job if not you can take a pair of needle nose vise grip and grab the barrel don't grab the threads spin that on and so essentially you don't see any more threads on a short and then you know it's fully seated and that's pretty much it so that at this point now once we get everything cleaned off and together we've ready to put the head on the engine all right so here's our heads completed and put together exhaust manifold spark plugs the rockers are on but loose because they're gonna come back off again e-way what do we get the heads on but they're they're they're cysts in sending the heads in place and you'll see why in a few minutes the other thing I want to mention here's your head gasket you can see that on one side they apply some red sealer and what you're gonna look for is that word top so that means that when you set this in place this is the top side this is what's going to be facing the head and again you can also recognize that by the rent sealer you see that red sealer you should be seeing that when you place it on the floor now you also have a couple locating pins on the block so you'd be able to actually set the head gasket and it'll stay in place when we lower the head on it all right so you see what I've done basically just run to rags underneath the rockers so that when they loop them under and come back up I have a good handle and threads the bolts are in you know a good 5 or 6 threads you want them in there a little bit you want to make sure this doesn't come loose second thing you want to mention always put a fennec cover on because there's a good chance you can end up popping into this you don't want to hit the fender you don't want to cause it dead just something else to work on later down the line so we're gonna do then is just simply lift up on the head I can lower it down in set it in place I only need to move it a little bit and it should pop right on you have two locating pins on the block itself one here and one in the back and it's going to hold the head gasket in place as well so everything will be lined right up and then we can put some head bolts in and get things torqued in so we got the head in place the pins will hold that it's not going to go anywhere taking the rockers back off you just back off the four bolts set that to the side because it will eventually go back on we got to put the lifters and the push rods in so you'll notice that we if you notice when you pulled it apart you had three long head bolts in the top Center and then the rest the remaining seven are the shorter bolts and there's your difference in length so we're going to put one of the long bolts in the top on the short bolt in the bottom in the center and then we'll just think we're gonna run the bus to the bolts install them and then just run them down so they're just touching when they're just touching the head and then from that point we're gonna well torque them up according to specs now specs on these we're going to be tightening them all to 15 foot-pounds and then you're going to turn each one 90 degrees with a breaker bar and then wait about 10 15 minutes and then an additional 90 degrees now being on this case we're starting with the new blocks we've got nice clean threads in the block for the head bolts they had this should this be a youth block or and you're doing just the head gaskets you want to make sure you run a thread chaser down each one of those holes you want to get it all corrosion dirt anything out of those sometimes it's even best if you have access to compress there shoot a little solvent down in each hole and blow it out with the air holding a rag over it so obviously you don't get in your face and from that point this way you won't always want to start with clean threads it's also recommended that before you run each head bolt in what we're going to do is keep a little bit of oil then we're just going to simply dip the end in those head bolts before we install them and this way you'll end up with a much better torque rating you're not fighting against any dirt or any buildup in those threads they're gonna thread in nice and easy so once we get those to win and it's essentially same procedure for the rest of the rest of the head bolts we're just going to run them in so they just touching the head so now we get the head bolts snugged in what we're gonna do that before we torque up now I want to just run this by anytime you put a head or a manifold or or even a pan like a pan gasket or a transmission pan anytime you tighten up something like that you always start from the center so you can do either top or bottom doesn't matter but you start in the center and then you simply work across and then in a outward spiral in other words so we do the bottom Center top Center then we can go to the left do top and bottom we're gonna go over to the other side bottom and then top and then around the top to bottom bottom the top and that's the best way to torque up ahead what that does is reduces Distortion you get a better lock down on it and then believe it or not make for a better job when you've done this once I'm going to wait a minute or two and then go around one more time just to make sure they're all evenly torqued all right so should have mentioned earlier the head to these bolts are 5/8 which is basically the same thing as a spark plug socket so I've used the swivel spark plug socket to run them in especially in those back corners it works very well but now that we're going to go to the 90 degree twist you're going to be getting into a much higher torque so we're going to step up to 1/2 inch drive 24-inch break a bar with a 5/8 socket on the end so we'll start in the middle and we'll go exactly 90 degrees and you can plus or minus 10 degrees it doesn't have to be absolutely perfect there are gauges out there that are available that you can actually install before you put the bolt on or socket on and it will show you at 90 degrees but 90 degrees is pretty much just a straight angle so what we'll do see like in this case really can't get a good bite on anything where it's gonna be easy to figure out 90 there we go alright so essentially here's 0 so 90 degrees is you're gonna run into where the bar should end up actually just about perpendicular to the block and we're essentially just gonna do the same thing all the way around the same thing we're gonna figure about where ninety degrees is languages right up against the farm all right then just to make it easier because the hardest ball to get ad through this whole operation is this back head bolt because we actually have to turn it to a specific torque so we've got a five base deep 1/2 inch drive socket swivel socket so this way we can get in at an angle and we'll essentially going to set it up so that it will not only drop on but set the square in an accessible point and then we can figure out 90 degrees from there so at this stage of the game this is when it gets a little tough because now we're going to do the final 90 we've waited about 10 15 minutes we let things settle in on the first torque now with the additional 90 this is gonna bring you up to over one hundred foot-pounds of torque on an average so what you may need to do when it gets real tight and a cheater bar on to this we're going to see if we can go the full 90 without having to add it in this case I think what we're going to do is because 90 is gonna put us past the firewall we're gonna go 45 and then pull this back and reset it and do the additional 45 so that's essentially the procedure for installing ahead and torquing down on their head gaskets now we're just going to do passenger's side exact same process as we did on the driver's side so next step is gonna be to install the push rods in the rockers now what he did was we cleaned up these push rods you want to put them on a nice smooth surface you want to roll them just to make sure nothing is bent you also want to check both ends kind of run your thumb nail over it if you have a if you have an error you're gonna just catch a little step at the bottom but if it feels really rough or even sharp edge you want to replace that push rod so we have all 16 all cleaned up nice and we've got the lifters in place so we're going to go back over to that engine and set things up all right first things first and I've seen guys do this these lifters come in and out of here fairly easy look at that making sure your gonna put that in facing up and not that end I've seen it done they just got to basically wiggle it'll seat in place they're all pretty well oiled because they've been soaked and you're gonna get down through the hole and you're gonna set up all your push rods make sure you go through the guides there's little holes there in the head that guide the top of the push rod all right so we're gonna set the rocker in place now remember we're gonna make sure you've got here's your rounded area where your push rods are going to seat and of course the flatlands end up on the valves so we'll just set this gently in place you want to get the bolts lined up now you got to remember that right now you're going to have there's going to be some of these push rods or in the up position because the cam they're writing directly on the cam which is going to create spring pressure on the rocker arm so when we tighten this down we just want to go a little bit at a time until we seat the rocker down on the head and then we'll put the torque wrench on it and torque specs on these are 28 foot-pounds once we have the all these bolts seated and we're just going to use a ratchet and a socket to see them down then we'll torque up the specs so we got the rockers down in place the rocker shaft will actually the lands are seated on the head so now we don't have to worry about working against spring pressure the reason we did that was because you could possibly bend that rocker shaft if you could torque one end down and the other has spring pressure it actually creates a force that can bend them so now that they're seated we'll start in the middle we've got their torque wrench set at 28 foot-pounds do the two in the middle and then we go to the outside and we do it one more time just so that we know we have an even torque on all four bolts okay it's pretty much it so now we just do the same on the other side and we'll have our rockers and push rods in place so our next step is we're gonna put the lower intake manifold on to do so you're gonna grab the two end seals that come in your gasket set your Valley pan gasket and then of course the intake and basically what we've done is we clean this off so we get a nice smooth surface on both sides and you're gonna need a 3/8 drive torque wrench now you can use a long extension with a swivel end I just happen to have this tool just makes it a little bit easier this is essentially a 13 millimeter swivel on an already built onto the extension gasket scraper in case you need a final cleanup of course a ratchet extension on now this is a tool that's similar to what the factory calls for and it makes it a lot easier to get to the bolts once you get things in place to torque them up you're gonna put this on the torque wrench it's essentially a 13 millimeter 12 point with 3/8 drive can be referred to as a crow foot sometimes socket extension there's a number of different names for them but this does make the job a lot easier so what we do is start off is we're going to take some of the we'll take some of the high tack and we're going to put a little coating on both sides of the heads I don't recommend using RTV on the gasket surfaces but we are gonna use some to seal up where you've got a couple different components like where the head meets the block and where the front cover meets but mostly just the two areas that where the where the head meets the blocks you have four points so we've done that we're going to let that tack up a little bit and then essentially we're going to take some of the RTV now right here you can actually see a little valley right where the head meets the block what we want to do is we want to fill that with some RTV this will help prevent oil we Benji and we'll let that set up for a few minutes you might get a little tacky so you'll notice the end seals basically conformed to the block so one side is fairly straight the other has a curve to it and you'll see that in the gasket as well plus on the end here you have a little wedge that drops down into that area that we are TV so it's going to push some there now in the manual it tells you to reply just put one little beat of our TV but I usually do it twice down in that Valley and then I'll do it one more time over the top before we put the pan gasket on so we got the two end seals in place a little Dabba RTV again on the corners just to give a little extra missile BC just a little extra protection against an oil leak we're gonna set the pan in place or the bolt holes you can look straight down and we'll push that down into place the next are your to hold down plates now if you remember when we took this apart we put this aside so that the two bolts that hold these down they're a little different than the bolts that are in the rest of the bar so you want to make sure that you've put these aside so we're gonna very gently lower the intake sort of in place but just a little ahead so we can reach in the back and then you've got a fuel line I've got to go on then you want to make sure you hear that click once you got it on there now if you look at the ten bolts that go in this item are all the same length there are two long ones and they're gonna go in the front here and then once we get them all started we're going to torque them down now the factory calls for a sequence to start with seven foot-pounds then all the way around again in 13 foot-pounds and then a final tighten in a 38 most of your 3h drive torque wrenches are not going to get down to seven pounds so I usually set mine at ten and then I'll do 20 and then we do 38 all the way around and even then we'll let it sit for about 15-20 minutes and then go 38 one more time around just to make sure everything's torqued down nice and tight and the gaskets been compressed so just like we mentioned with the heads anytime you torque down a head or a manifold anything like that to reduce the amount of distortion we're going to start from the center and then work our way around into a spiraling outward pattern and so we've talked them all as I said we're gonna do in different come we'll do 10 20 and then 38 and then after the 38 we're going to wait about 10-15 minutes and then do 38 again just to make sure everything's down and tightened properly all right so before we put the valve covers on we have an actual bolt that goes up into the back of the head that runs through that bracket right there and what that does is holds the harness in place right about there so we need to attach that and then we also need to attach the ground strap and if you'll notice on this you'll see a green wire with a loop that's also going to go to that ground post all right so now is the point you definitely want to plug in this is for the crank sensor you're going to see the the tab right here that lot latches on to that little notch so essentially that's the wrong way that's the right way plugged this together you should hear a little click when that blocks in and then there's a bracket on the back that you're not going to be able to see this video that this hooks into to keep it from banging around in there this is a really bad connector to try to get to alright so next is gonna be your valve covers now first thing I do if you notice there's a rag sitting on top of the intake manifold we want to cover those holes you're going to be handling small bolts god forbid you drop one and it goes down they'll put one of those ports and fish it out you'll end up taking the intake back off to get at it so we put a rag over there as protection and then what we've done is we've prepped the valve covers we've shot high tech on the inside areas of both valve covers and on the areas of the gasket itself that will lay on the surface reason for that is that when it gets good and tacky we let it sit for about 15 minutes you put your gasket on the valve cover it's gonna stick and it's going to hold to it otherwise trying to hold on to that and keep it from falling in and unsettling is just a royal pain so this way gas gets stuck to the valve cover we run our bolts down we line it up so much easier now remember that these bolts are eight millimeter 12-point so you want to make sure you pull that tool out and clean the bolts up a little bit just give him a little shoot down with some brake clean or whatever it's a little cleaner before you install alright so just as a note there's a groove cut on one side of the valve cover gasket and then one side is actually relatively flat except for one raised rib that's the area that's gonna make contact with the head so the groove the area actually seats all the way around in the valve cover make sure that all four your spacers are president they didn't drop out of the gasket and then we'll get them relatively close and then essentially put the four bolts in and remember you've got the two short on the inside part of the engine and the two long on the outside closer to the exhaust manifold so your passenger side first that has your oil fill tube now remember this is a Bosch engine where your fill tube is on the passenger side of course on a Jemez engine you're gonna find it on the driver's side no all we did was just basically hold up the wiring hard-ass sneak that in and then visually give a look at where the bolts line up and you can kind of wiggle it back and forth and you'll feel one of the little bolts kind of drop down in there what we're going to do is and we'll get them all started now the book says to torque to two and a half foot pounds you're gonna need a very small almost like a dial type quarter inch drive torque wrench if you want to torque it up it's two and a half pounds to do all four and then you go up to six pounds is the final torque on on all four bolts so one sides torqued in place and then simply we're just gonna do the exact same on the other side and before you started tightening bolts down because of all is wiring in one eye you just want to make sure you don't have a wire pinched between the valve cover and the head anywhere in the front or the back will lead the problems later on down the line so same thing with this side we've got some wires hanging around so we want to make sure that we don't get them we don't get them caught up in the valve cover and it's pretty much to it on those alright so they would have the valve covers in place we got the lower intake in place at this point we can grab the main harnesses we can kind of set them in place now in most cases when you when you first took this apart you had basically tie straps that went into these these four locations so of course they get brittle they fall apart you try to open them up they break so you can do it one of two ways you can actually wire tie it directly just loop under and wire tie it or I know a lot of automotive centers have the wire ties with what they call a little Christmas tree attached to them and that Christmas tree will pop right into those holes and wire tie the harness in place and that's what we're going to do with this but this way at least pull the harness out you'll also notice that there is one more green wire on this now if you have like a 2001 and later you probably aren't going to find these green wires this isn't this was a I think this was also this was a 2000 but you've seen this on the early disco twos don't see it so much on the later so if you don't see the green wires don't panic it's not that they're missing that just on that particularly design they're not used so don't worry about that rest of it this harness will get down the side of the bracket what we're really thinking about right now is we're going to put the main harness back in this place and then we're gonna plug in all the injectors and then this small bolt right here on the fuel rail is going to be the bolt we're gonna run out and then we're gonna attach that green wire right here for that round idle air control the one wire you want to be concerned with this wires for the knock sensor this is going to run all the way down and underneath you just want to make sure we get that down there because once we get the bracket and the alternator in place or I'm sorry the power steering pump in place we don't want to pinch that wire we want to make sure we put that in a good spot all right bingo okay that's good for now and then as we go along we'll be plugging everything else in all right so at this point now we're back underneath the vehicle we've got to get a few things connected yet now that one harness that has the lead for the starter the starter wire and for the knock sensor on the right hand side we got to sneak that through a hall that is on the upper back side of the mount so that it comes through to just above the starter so you got here's the end of your started connection this is going to go on to this nut here there's a small Spade pushing right on that right over the top of this stud and nut that's your for your s wire that'll be this lead right here and then you also have your connector that you're going to push in you're going to click into your knock sensor right here then once we've done that then we can sneak the heatshield in there and get that popped in place before we put the exhaust on so getting the shield back up in there sort of a bit of a magic trick this bracket tucked up into the all right you know we work on trying to get there's a tab on the end of this that drops into a hole which will help line up just kind of working back and forth until we find it there we go all right and that puts that in place so if you have a mirror what you can do is actually look up inside the mount the see if the holes lined up or not once we determine it isn't it or it isn't turn it the way we need to turn it to get it to line up all right so this is what the finished product should look like this clip is locked around the solenoid your wiring is protected from the heat from the heat shield and then the front bolt is in and locked in place so this is good and solid not going anywhere so now we just quickly we're gonna look through the other side and here we have the other knock sensor we've plugged that in and you'll notice that this loop lines right up with this hole right here and so what we're going to do is go find a bolt put the bolt in there and then that will lock that one piece of wire right there in place so keep it secure and then we can put the exhaust back up in place so now we're ready to put the exhaust up in place we've got to get your to hold gasket up in there and usually can push it up in place I always like to start on the driver's side and leaves me some flexibility on the passenger side we're not gonna run the nuts up tight initially we just want to get them up in place and then the front part is essentially getting up in there to get the gasket on this is actually sometimes a little easier from up top it says we're just gonna lay the gasket right over the opening we'll line up the holes all right so we're gonna hook the exhaust stop we find it's a lot easier to get to this passenger side setup then from underneath because you got the driveshaft and everything else in a way so we're just gonna sneak down in there then we're gonna slide the gasket up over the studs so we can raise that up and it's gonna take a little take a little doing but it will go and we got one two and three and then you can just raise the exhaust up you have to reach down in pull up on the exhaust and slide the studs over with one arm hold it up and the other we're gonna just put one nut on to help support it all right so we've got that side hooked up basically just got the three bolts and I just want to make note don't forget now's a good time to plug in that o2 sensor and then tuck the wire in back behind the right side head and it'll keep it out of the way the exhaust well it's just to give you a shot what we've done on the passenger's side you're going to leave the nuts loose you got allow for some slack and now we're going to pop the driver's side on all right so basically at this point now we've got the six nuts in on the exhaust we're going to run them up we got them completely tight as far as torque specs because of the long extension you need to get up there a torque wrench isn't going to be accurate anyway so you just want to essentially just get them good and tight and then don't forget to plug in your o2 sensor connector on the driver's side and we're going to tuck that back in behind the bracket so next what we're going to do is we'll get these transmission coolant lines back up in place gonna have to do a little don't be a little pushing in pollen but we essentially need to twist it get this one up into this upper clip the lower one into the lower clip and then we'll show you where the other one goes alright so we're gonna install the bracket now that supports the AC compressor and the steering pump you want to make sure if you have an oil cooler equipped vehicle you want to make sure that the one line for the oil cooler underneath is back in behind the bracket also your wire going down to your your knock sensor you want to make sure that's clear and then basically you're going to set it up on that stud that's on the front of the head and that's going to come through this hole right in top of the power steering pump and we just slide that again double-check your wire make sure it's not pinched in there and we'll put the put the top bolt on you'll feel the thread they line right up alright so we'll put the other two bolts on and then we have the nut that goes on the sword and the single bolt up top and then we're just gonna run those in tight just quickly before I run them in just to show you where the bolts out where the locations are the nut and the single bolt up top this is a ten millimeter head these are all going to be thirteen and just going to set them up good and tight okay one thing I'm going to mention about this oil cooler the one line that we snuck in behind the bracket obviously attaches down underneath and gets locked down but to put it in the right position what we're going to need to do is we've we don't want to set it up on this bracket right away we're gonna leave this off we got to get underneath we're gonna essentially put the other end of the tube up into its location by the filter leave that nut loose then get back up in here set the bolt up in this so now the hose is in its proper position there's no tension on any of the parts and then we go back down torque the the nut that secures it to the oil filter housing and then back up to tighten this one alright so what we're going to do next is we're gonna hook up the upper this is the lines for the heater hoses for your heating system I'm gonna move that out of the way and then put a little replace this whole ring and then put a little Vaseline on there so it slips in this way it won't pinch it as we go in it's kind of a tight fit alright so next I'm gonna show it's already connected but just to remind you we're gonna connect you got this you got a black connector here and that's going to go to the cam sensor don't forget it because it's kind of out of sight so underneath the water pump and you don't see it so you don't want to forget connecting that you're going to need that so you can start the vehicle then you also got your oil pressure center right here we've connected those and now what we're going to do is put the other line on for the oil cooler don't forget gotta make sure you put your you put your new o-ring on make sure that can spin all right so now I'll show you we put the lower hose in place you have the one down tube goes into the small opening the long neck is what attaches to the water pump and then the short loop this goes to the angled upward outlet of the thermostat okay just so you have a note top of the thermostat has two outlets you have one that goes up at an angle and one that comes straight up the one at an angle is what's going to get down to the lower hose this one's going to go to the upper hose we'll show you that when we get to that point so now we're just going to squeeze the clamp sign get those into place you can see we got our electrical connections in place and we have this hose in and now the upper hose this has got a short bolt that goes into the bottom and that's been installed and tightened up so then we're going to be ready to put that last bracket in alright so let's get that bracket down in place you can see we've got one two three four bolts that run through so here's the lower on the inside it's the easy one to see this way we can line that up and get that started and that'll make lining up the other three that much easier okay next is gonna be the cooling tube you can see we've got this torqued in place does this say hoses on we got some stuff here that eventually is going to get bolted to this bracket right now we just need to get these on so the tube essentially is tucked in right in the front of the intake manifold you've got an old ring on the back you want to make sure you put a new oil ring there we're going to put a little Vaseline on that and then just to get things started we'll put one bolt in there we'll need about a six or eight inch extension and a ten millimeter socket the reason we put this on after the brackets because there's a support bracket right here that bolts to the alternator support so you need that in place before you can put this tube in so now it's just a matter of we put that one bolt in there and then we're going to put one in the support bracket to support it alright so we put a bolt here in the support bracket so now this will just hold it in place and we can sneak in underneath and install these other bolts all right and now for the fun part in their infinite wisdom Land Rover puts the ignition coils buried back behind the upper plenum so in other words if we put the plan of mine you'd be almost impossible to put this on first off you can't even get to the bottom bolts once the plenum is in place and you can't really tighten them until you put the upper bolts in so what we normally do is we will lay this in place we'll put the two bottom bolts in and we're just gonna just snug them and then back them off just a little bit enough to give a little bit of movement the reason being is when we put the upper plenum on that has to slide underneath these holes so we've got to have some movement in there so that we can line them up and you were going to use the top bolts to secure this in place all right so we're gonna do we're going to drop this into place but before we go trying to put the bolts in place we have the two electrical connectors there's one and there's the other and each one of these gets plugged into each side this powers this side coil this powers this side and then basically one coil will power four cylinders and each coil pack has actually two individual coils built into it the other thing what we're gonna do is before we even grab those little bolts we're gonna put a rag over the top here because god forbid we dropped one down in the hole it will not be fun fishing it out all right so we got both the holes lined up we've got one started on one side now you can see these are hard to get at so if you put a little dab of our TV or you can even use grease and we're gonna do is put that on that socket and that's gonna hold that bolt so we can sneak it down in there location so we can get it started and then we're gonna do the same we did with the other one we'll run it down Snug it in and then just basically back it off about a half a turn just to allow enough slack so it'll wiggle so we can get those top bolts set alright so now we're gonna put the plug wires in now you'll notice most of the plug wire sets even after market for these are numbered you can see here's number one number three number five number seven so there's one three five seven two four six eight same thing on the other side so we're gonna just start plugging these in and what I do is I like to give a little shot a silicon in each one four one makes it go on easier adds a little extra protection to the boot and this way you feel the distinct set in when you put the boot on the plug you should actually kind of feel it click in just put that in your hold it right there and so that's seven threes number five it's gonna go in the middle right here I should hear that click then we'll just do the same thing to the other side alright so now we've got that all set up in the back we're gonna put the upper plenum on don't forget your steel gasket you've cleaned off the top surface of the lower manifold you have to raise dowels on here that are gonna basically give you the right location that's going to hold the gasket in place and then the manifold we self is gonna click on to those as well now if you get one it's a little stubborn we just put a socket over it now what we're gonna do is we're gonna set the manifold in place let's pull this up because we're gonna need this this will go on your idle air control motor because of the way this is set up when we put the plenum on we're gonna need to lift the front it's going to drop in we line it up with the front dowel lower it down and then lock it on to that dowel and then from there once we lock once we put the bolts in and lock down the upper plenum then we have to reach in the back and line up these two holes and run two bolts down through and this will actually bolt to the back of the upper plenum alright so now we're ready to put the upper plenum on we've taken the studs out of the sides and you can either put the studs back in after you put this in place or you can just get some six millimeter bolts three-quarters of an inch long and they'll work just as well so by doing that though it gives us a little more freedom to move this around and get it in place essentially what you're going to be doing is on the back the manifold you have these two bosses that come out these are the two bolt holes for the bolts that hold the top of the coil that goes over the top of this so what we're gonna do is go in in an angle and then drop it down and then move it so that we it drops on to the two locating dowels and once that's in place then it's just put the bolts in and lock them down and what I've done to is to save a little time you can bend this back out of the way here's the single bolt that we left in the manifold when we took this apart so we can just leave it in there and then of course it's going to go in in this position so I remember you've got a sink also a single bolt in the back and a single bolt in the front beside the three long ones that you're going to torque down so now it's just a matter of set this in place you may need a flashlight when you can see what you're doing is simply gonna walk this back slowly you can actually see how everything lines up all right so we've got our hardware right here take our three bolts drop those in and if you can't quite get your fingers in these front and back bolts what I've used is a tool and I'll show you in a second is a tool that called expanding fingers and it will grab around the head bolt and you can actually run it down spin it in and then come in with a socket extension a ratchet to torque it down all right so you can see what the tool does it'll actually hold the bolt on the end it gives you access to do a deeper area right here and you just run your finger down through the feel for the hole and by grabbing the head of the bolt you can actually use the tool to spin it in until you feel it seat down and we'll just do the rest with the socket and we'll do the same with the front bolt sleep in there yeah all right all right so we'll get a 10-millimeter socket extension ratchet and we'll torque those down all right so there is no torque spec listening and Land Rover's overhaul manual specifically for these bolts they have a general a general chart eight millimeter bolts they recommended torque to 13 foot-pounds I think that's a little bit on the loose side I don't have an exact torque spec to recommend but you see what I essentially do is run them until they're snug and then just give them just a little twist just to add some tension let them sit for a couple seconds and then go back and start from the middle and just will go around twice just to make sure everything is tight and even all right so now at this point we have this torque down now's a good time what we're gonna do is we're gonna connect the throttle body heater hoses remember we have this long one over here this is gonna go across because once you put your alternator and your AC compressor back in it's kind of tough to get them in there so I'll do those then you also have your PCV breather hose right here that's gonna go onto this spigot you want to check this black this black spigot or nipple on those because these have a tendency to loosen up so you want to make sure you snug that in you don't want any vacuum leaks there and of course plug in this is the vacuum line over to your brake booster you're gonna plug that in and then what you have right here is the one heater hose that has the hole for a bolt or where the stud was through the side you want to reattach that and then your other heater hose tube or lay up over the top we're gonna put a new bolt in there so that's essentially we're just gonna hook up all the in celery's we've also got for your emission controls you have your your control solenoid here this is going to plug into the throttle body and then your connector for your idle air motor so all that gets connected to this upper plenum and then we can go on to the next step the first one and the fun part is getting those two bolts for the coil to the manifold lined up because you're essentially going to do that by feel what you can do is you can move this big harness a little more out of the way so you can get your hand down in there and the rest is pretty much done by feel and this is why we leave the bottom bolts a little loose on that coil mount so that we can rock this back and forth and eventually get the hole lined up and get the bolt started yeah take a little patience a little time but you'll get it all right so here's a good example you find yourself having a hard time getting that ball lined up if you can get up like I have an expanding mirror that I can use in the back any mural work but what you can do that is angle it down so you can get a look at why you're not able to line up and you'll see like on this one what we've got to do is be able to move that bracket forward and we don't I didn't quite leave it loose enough on the bottom to do that so what we do is we take a little pry bar and then we just just gently move it back a little bit and now we know we can see the holes are lined up put a bolt in there get that lock down all right and then what we're gonna do next is put the throttle and the cruise control cable hook up on here because these two bolts at least one of them is sort of covered by the AC compressor so we're gonna put that off this way the whole upper plenum is all together by the time we're ready to put our two-inch hilary's on and our idler pulleys so you got two eight millimeter head bolts here I'll hook up that bracket we just sort of snug it and what you'll need to do is go to full open throttle you'll see a little slot in the top there slide the barrel in and then line up the slot to pop it fully in place just to make sure it's in there completely you know so you should be able to swivel that little barrel in there so then you know you're in properly and then the same thing with the cruise control slide that over so it lines up with the groove all right you should just have some slight tension on it should have just a little bit of free play on that not much and I will just get up millimeter socket tighten that up and we'll have everything together on the plane all right so just a quick review on the upper plenum because we want to make sure so we've tightened down the four bolts up top one in the back one one in the front for a total of six you have your connection here for your idle air motor you have your connection here for your admission control this is for the evap system this is the OP the purge valve so you have your electrical connection and then you have your hose connection right here this is just a pop in your breather hose and your throttle position sensor you've got your connector up in here so we're we're good there your two heater hoses to the throttle body heater and they're on nice and snug and they're in the back and then of course your two bolts and then we just showed you how to put the throttle cables on and we'll go around to the other side and we'll do a quick review on that all right and then on the passenger side course we have our the breather hoses connected and this clamp is on we've plugged in our vacuum line that feeds our brake vacuum booster our two heater hoses we have the Bolton on top that locks the two brackets so the hoses the metal hoses together along with the single bolt down now I'm going to make a note on this that on these engines without secondary air there's a spacer that goes between this hose bracket and the upper plenum and you would have found that when you took it off sometimes after these vehicles that they've been worked on once before somebody didn't put that spacer back in just a couple flat washers works just fine so that's in place and then of course everything else lines up here now you'll see two and this is kind of a neat trick you can actually take a razor knife and cut this rubber connector for these two hoses though you don't need to all right but just a note and then what we're gonna do then is you can see we have some exposed wire down here that I really don't like we're gonna get some plastic convolute to go over the top of that before we attach everything to this bracket and then we're ready to put the AC compressor and the alternator on alright so next step was what we're gonna do we're gonna tie in the heater hose you have there's actually a threaded hole behind this opening that's going to bolt and support this line up against the alternator mounting bracket and then you see you got two little brackets right here what you're going to want to use is this is a tie strap with what they call a Christmas tree on the end of it so you can wrap it around the wiring here and then plug the Christmas tree into that and that'll basically hold this up in here now as you just can see the old cover has starting to fall is falling off on this leaving the wire insulation exposed you see this piece right here I've installed just to cover up the wiring there we're gonna do the same with this we're gonna replace that convolute like I said you can buy that in any automotive center and then you've got your ground wire right here and that's going to be bolted right in this position from the front there's a threaded hole on the front of the bracket so then that'll get this all set so then the next step will be both the alternator and the AC compressor so just to give you a little overall look what we have is so you're our ground line is attached here our bracket that comes off of this hose is attached here we replaced convolute over the exposed wiring and then we've taken the wire ties with the Christmas trees and put them in place so that everything is essentially in its place so now we're ready to put the alternator on so alternator mounts on this bracket and what you have are these sliding shoes basically that are used to install the alternator and what they do is they actually slide within the bracket most cases once you've taken the alternator out and pried it out this one's already back in place this one you can I'll show you see how it hangs out leaves and area there you take your hammer and open up the space so the alternator will just drop in when you tighten it up it pulls those shoes in and locks everything in place and the only two wires that you need to attach are going to be your battery feed cable and then your field wire and you can see essentially just on the back of the alternator you've only got two positions so it's kind of hard to get it wrong and the alternator obviously is going to set in this position so we're gonna hook our wiring up first and then we're gonna set the alternator in there and then just as a tip there's a lot of hardware put aside on this and there's a lot of bigger bolts as we get towards the end as far as the hanging brackets the plainer why not you'll notice that the two alternator bolts have this goldish tone they're an anodized bolt so if you're not quite sure what bolts go on the alternator look for this gold-tone on the shaft and the size of the bolt and then those will be the correct ones for the alternator so next is gonna be the AC compressor and as you can see basically you just have four bolts up top there is a locating dial here which will help you to get it set up and located now as you remember we didn't have to disconnect the AC lines this is just been sitting here waiting for us to put it back together and what I normally do is before you slide the sign you got this back left-hand corner bolt always put that on first cuz what's gonna happen is when you get the compressor here in line you're not going to be able to install this bolt because the throttle linkage is going to be in a way so before you set it in grab one your alternator bolts and it'll actually help you line up a little better because that will locate in the back hole and then you've got your dowel in the front and now we'll just drop our three remaining bolts in this one will obviously have to put in tighten up with a wrench the other three if you have compressed air you can run it in with that or just do all them with a socket and a ratchet all right so now we're gonna start putting the pulleys on so we can get the belt on now one thing we did notice when we got into it this the original tensioner was binding up the to bet the two idlers one of them felt kind of rough so we actually offered this kit we can get both the idler pulleys and the tensioner if you're gonna put a new motor in you don't need any future problems for the low-cost that you can get this kit for it's well worth putting in you don't have to deal with the belt problem so what we're going to do then is we're going to install these and then we've got to put the water pump pulley on and the power steering pump which is just a matter of flying up the pulleys put your bolts in and tighten them up but just so you know you'll see that the two idlers are of different sizes the smaller pulley is going to be mounted here so you're going to want to put the tensioner on first and then the small pulley and then your large pulley is going to be located right here and then at that point we'll put the other two on alright so here's what the pulleys look like installed like I said small and on the bottom big one up top and then you want to give a little test spin just to make sure they're seated properly ok so spins got a little bit of resistance which is good that's a nice tight bearing and then the tensioner and then you always want to look in the back and make sure that the back of this is seated flat there's a locating pin that drops in so you're gonna slide that pin in to the hole in the back side of the bracket and then just move this up until your bolt drops in tighten it up and you're good alright so next is going to be water pump pulley and power steering pulley alright before you put the power steering pulley on and I've seen it done because it can be mounted in either direction so what you're going to do is basically look at the pulley and you're going to see the imprint of the I guess I would call the triangle of the pyramid which is the surface that's going to ride on the pond the pump itself you'll see the imprint on one side on the other you won't so obviously then this is the proper side to install against the power steering pump there is a difference in the offset so if you do install it backwards the belts not gonna line up right so you want to make sure you see that imprint and then on the water pump pulley you will see where there are marks on the ball holes where the original bolts went so you just want to reuse those because this way you know everything's gonna line up right so on the water pump pulley what I like to do is I'll turn this so that I've got one threaded hole straight up so I have an orientation because once I go to slide the pulley over I can't see those we'll set that bolt right in place and it's sort of lining up and you just roll it around a little bit to let bolt lines right up slight this up over the hub put the other two on now these don't require a great amount of torque and you can actually when you go to tighten these you can actually get your hand wrapped around that pulley and be able to tighten it again look for the tripod point that straight up it aligns itself right up alright so then we just put the last remaining two bolts in and then we get everything tightened up all right so now comes the fun part we're gonna put the belt on if you didn't take a picture before he took it apart to give you an idea of how its routed this is the best way to go about it we're gonna phone basically the belt like so and we've done a sag or a loop in the center and that loop is going to go around the power steering pulley okay then we're gonna go up and over the AC compressor and we're gonna go up and over the alternator around the tensioner and at this point we're not gonna worry about that little pulley and you'll see why in a minute then we're going under that made the steering too damp the crankshaft pulley up and over power steering pulley and around this larger idler yeah some things you got a slight go to get up so what that essentially does gets everything in place now of course rib side of the belt will always be on the ribs pulleys so you have alternator AC compressor power steering pump lower deeper and tension or old ribs so you should have rib sight on there now what we do is we take our wrench now this is a different size than the original with this kit they originally you'd have a 15 millimeter here but they have stepped up to a 16 millimeter put that up and won't push it down we're simply gonna just give us enough room to slide that belt up and over the little pulley and then before you take all let allow all the tension on there just a quick feel to make sure that the belt is fully seated and all the other pulleys wet up and there you are belts in place so next step then is going to be putting the fan shroud and the fan on and your upper radiator hose alright so very important we don't want to forget the dipstick now these use a very high vacuum PCV system as well as the emission control is also incorporated on there so literally any vacuum leak can create a drivability issue on these so when I put the dipstick in we're gonna actually run a bead of black RTV right around the base of this neural this is what seats down on the block where when we insert this and this way by the time we actually get to the point where we're ready to start it this will be pretty well be setup so we know we got a good seal so that's really all we're gonna do is throw a little little black RTV on that take our finger and just run around about the thickness of that raised area tick-tick-tick to and then we're just gonna basically slide it right down the hole see your hole right there now slide right in and then you have a threaded hole right here on the side of the valve cover and you flip this up this is going to line right up with it there and then once we run that screw in there let that our TV set up we'll be all set and then we can actually put our dipstick right inside the tube all right and of course you want to plug in your AC compressor and that's your great plug connector right here you push that into you hear the click and just put this down where it's really not rubbing against anything too severely and then we just have the one wire here for the mass air flow sensor we'll put that to the side all right so now what we're going to do is we're going to put the lower shroud in for the fan there are just bay there's two clips that attach on the bottom and then two Phillips screws on each side here then they're gonna hold that lock that down and then the fan and then the upper shroud and then the actually it's going to be the lower shroud the fan and we're going to do the radiator hose one thing I want to mention on these lay the thermostat if you taking a good look right here top of the thermostat has two outlets one goes off at about a forty degree angle one points straight up they're both the same size and I have seen where somebody could actually install it with this reversed which will actually cause an overheating problem so you want to make sure that the angled outlet goes to the lower hose which goes down to the water pump and the straight up is going to go to the upper radiator hose which also attaches here and here but just keep that note so the angle to the water pump straight up to the upper radiator all right so we put our Stroud we got two Phillips screws grab the bottom we pull out make sure that those tabs on the bottom if holding it in place and we just slide the fan in and we try to get it as square as possible you do I do it just the back of my hand up against the front of the fan clutch and if you just work it real slow eventually you'll hit a spot where it'll feel like the threads will catch and then from there you can just spin it on all right so I've put the upper hose in place but I want to show you basically how it looks should look when it's installed your so you have your bleeder cap right here your joined here at that front tube upper radiator and then of course down on the thermostat clamps are in place and you want to make sure you can feel that bulb that little bulge at the end of the nipples that you attach these to and they're there so that with the clamp behind it there's no chance of it coming off it's just a little security measure they built into these so you would just want to make sure the clamp is below or behind that bulge so that you know you've got it in a proper position all right so essentially we're ready at this point we've gotta just put the top cover on which is four screws that only turn the eternal 90 degrees in there in and then we'll put the air filter in the hose in and then we can put on our final colon line which is the overflow or the vent line that goes across into the expansion tank okay actually we're gonna do is we're going to put this the vent blind on now because this cover actually goes over the top of it you see these two raised areas right here actually is the channel that this is gonna rest in kind of acts as a sort of a support we just push that on there what I would suggest is if this host feels brittle at all nodes if you can't take it and flex it like that it feels like it's gonna crack and split replace it because more unlikely it's exactly what it's going to do very soon and you certainly don't want to risk your your new engine and all your work on a relatively inexpensive hose same thing were there anything else wearable on the engine if you're gonna put the time and money put a new engine on if the old hoses feel dried out put new hoses on it I've done that with every engine I've put in new hoses new belt anything basically rubber and flexible it's not worth the risk it's worth a little extra money for the security of knowing you've got a good system in there so it around a little bit so it lines up you see the cutout on the side there's for that hose you got one hop and just turn 90 degrees and you'll actually feel the screw come to a stop when it seats in there we go and just squeeze that upper hose a little bit and pop that right in place we're pretty much assembled there and now we just need to hook up the intake tube and the air filter assembly right just to make it easier now Chris the air filter you pulled it out so you get the idea it's basically a pop in I like to do is I shoot a little silicone spray on those rubber rubber sets that that goes into it just
Watch Doug, Our Land Rover Master Technician, as he takes You step-by-step, in the replacement of the head gaskets on Our 2000 Discovery Series II with V8 BOSCH engine. We use our
kit # STC4082BKA which includes the head gasket set plus a set of head bolts. This is part 1 of 2 videos focusing on this topic. Part 1 shows the teardown and part 2 is the re-installation. We also cover replacement of the Discovery Series II short block engine. I'm Doug your tech support representative here at Atlantic British in this video we're gonna touch on something that we've had a lot of requests for in the past that's a fairly common issue with some of these older 401 4 sixes and that's head gaskets we found a lot of our do-it-yourself technicians and a lot of shops have called me on different issues on these but the biggest thing basically is usually head gaskets so what we're gonna do is we're gonna give you basically a video on how to do that so first I want to talk about the kit that you're gonna need now of course you know like on the floral and the four six as of 1999 he went from gems to Bosch so you need to be able to identify which engine you have in your vehicle before you even begin and that you can get that information right off of our website so what we're going to do is we're going to show you on a Bosch which is a little bit more complicated than the gem so it might be a better one to be able to get into so what I'm going to show you first is the gaskets kit that we have available comes all in one set and gives you all the gaskets that you're going to need to be able to do the whole head gasket job now this is under our part number sa404b engine we do have one for the gems so you'll need to be able to find that in a website the other thing is and because they you normally recommend that you replace them with every head gasket job is going to be head bolts now these are torque to yield head bolts so the specification on these when you tighten them in is based on how many degrees you turn the ball and we'll get into that when we talk about reassembly but this is the head bolt kit that you'll need now if you want to go one step better we also have a stud kit available which will take the place of the head bolts I find this is a more reliable setup especially when you're dealing with aluminum engines because of the high expansion and contraction when they eat and cold so this stud kit is also available through us and we have this under a RP 4301 both of work that had the head bolts or other stud kid it all depends on how you want to put your engine together alright so before we even begin to just give you a few tips that'll make the job a little bit easier for you first off right off the bat obviously we're going to disconnect the battery disconnect the negative lead put that to the side this way you know as far as your alternator circuit and it's not gonna be live you're not gonna touch it and ground it out and cause any damage so we're gonna disconnect the battery we're gonna end up draining the coolant which I'll show you a nice little trick because on these they don't have a drain plug at the bottom of the radiator so I'll show you a nice little trick for getting that off first thing we would do then we would take off the fan shroud and the fan and I have a habit of I let the air out of the front tires which gets the nose down by about three and a half inches what makes it a lot easier to get to the hardware and whatnot towards the back of the engine the other thing you may want to do if you're not that familiar with the design this is first time taking one apart you haven't done one before it's a good idea to grab yourself if the coffee cans little plastic containers or whatever and then as you disassemble the engine you're going to put those that hardware from different segments in a container and you're going to market alternator hardware valve cover hardware and why not so when you go to reassemble it's a lot easier to identify what bolts go where and in general last but not least as I say once we've lowered the front end we disconnect the battery we're going to drain the fluid is bring your digital camera out or your smart phone when you get to an area where like say for your belt configuration or for the way the wiring is routed on one side take a picture of it before you disassemble it believe me it'll make it a lot easier when you go to reassemble so those are some tips to help get you started now I will show you how to drain the coolant alright so we're gonna start we're gonna remove the top of the fan shroud and base and all you've got is four Phillips screws and it's not even a full screw it's a turn 90 degree and release that'll pop pop this up or shroud off take the hose off and then what we'll do is get down to the the fan itself and we'll take that off so we remove the cover from the shroud now we're going to get into the fan now essentially I pre loosened this fan because with several different things you may run into one they may come off very easy where you're going to take your fan tool you're gonna run it down on the nut let it sit on there you want to do this between the blades so that you're not gonna crack a fan blade on this and just take a nice rubber mallet or something with some weight give it a I shot now 50% of the time that'll just break them loose and allow you to take the fan off but in this case we had one where we had a lot of problems and you can do several different things you can take a long straight blade screwdriver sneak it behind a tool and jam it between the water-pump hub and one of the pulley bolts there's also a tool available through Land Rover that is a long flat bar that will drop over and actually grab around all those bolts on the pulley and allow you to hold it and get some leverage if you're in the shop I know I've had to do it several times is a long air chisel extension and then just work the nut and just slowly work it off in this case we had to basically turn this off almost all the way before I finally loosened up so these can get on there pretty tight so be prepared to spend some time on this if yours is in that condition so once we've reached that point we've been able to unthread it and this is a right hand thread we just want to mark that because some of the newer land rovers have gotten left-hand thread on the Jag engines on these on the four on the four six this fan is a right hand thread so we have that off we're going to set that aside for a minute and then what we're going to do now is we're going to remove this shroud there's two 10 millimeter head bolts that'll take the shroud off remove the belt we'll show you how to do that and then at that point we'll show you how to drain the colon on this so next step is going to be removing the belt and as I said earlier what you want to do is pull you out your cell phone your camera or whatever if you're not really familiar if it's the first time you've done this to look at the routing on the belt which runs under the damper over the tensioner or over the idler around the tensioner over the alternator and then down and under the water pump pulley up and over the AC pulley behind another idler pulley and then your power steering pump so take a good picture of that and then this way later on when you go to put everything together you use know where it's supposed to go so the group of the book remove the belt you have your tensioner on the passenger side here it's a 15 millimeter head bolt you can go one of several routes you could use a long ratchet with a 15 millimeter socket you can use belt tensioner they make me sell these everywhere this is a long extended bar with various tips on to fit different vehicles and you can use that as the tensioner I prefer this and using this for years and that just pops on there and you're gonna push down which will lift the tensioner flip the belt right off the bottom idler and pop it right back off you can take the belt off and set that aside alright so the next step is gonna be to drain the coolant out of this vehicle now you notice there is no drain plug on the bottom of the radiator the factory tells you you disconnect the lower hose which means you're going to be standing under this when you let go you really don't want to do that either so what you can do you can drain about 3/4 of the cooling system out just by taking there's one bolt out of the water pump and we're going to show you where that is alright so there's the location of the bolt this is the lower of the two eleven-sixths are 11 millimeter bolts you'll know that because the rest of the bolts that hold the water pump to the front cover are 10 millimetre heads and you can see this one hoots like it had some slight leakage so it's easy to see that it actually does attach to a coolant line so I want you to take that out that's drained about 3/4 of the colon out of the block just don't forget to put a pin underneath to catch it so next step now is going to be to remove this upper hose let's get this out of our way what I did to is it gave a little pre spray of some penetrating oil on the clamps you'll notice that if you don't do that they're a little dry they come off hard shoot a little oil on them and everything comes off much easier now you have warm clamps on this particular connection but at the other ends you have the squeeze clamps before you get this hose off we're gonna take the little bypass hose off take account if you have the original hose on there these get kind of hard and brittle so you want to flex it as little as possible so I like to get this one up and out of the way because it also somewhat interferes would take in the air box and the intake tube out we'll work that off and then basically just set this down and in front of the radiator so it's out of the way less the chance of breaking it so then we're gonna take our squeeze clamp nice pair of water pumps does a great job on these so I'll take that off and then we're gonna back off the one that's here at the thermostat just lift that off there no then it's just a matter of you recently moved to wins and we'll take that clamp off and we'll get this right out of the way it's something I'll mention it of course is taking the hose off and sometimes where these hoses have been on for a long period of time they really stick on there and they don't just twist off so there's a handy tool you can get you can buy these from any tool supplier it's just nothing more than a sort of a bent pointer and you can use that to get up underneath the hose and break it loose from wherever it's attached just work it around back and forth a little bit and that separates it and once you've done that at least three-quarters of the way around you should be able to just spin that out and remove it there we go and now that hoses out now as you go through and you disassemble any engine this is a good time to be looking at different components that wear that you may look ahead of time and say okay this is Warren I'm gonna replace that as well and this way you can get your parts together before you start your assembly when you look at a hose and you look down inside which one will check out the corners on the inside if you see vertical lines in there the Nets telling you that basically the hose is starting to wear on the inside and material is breaking down that material eventually is going to end up in your reading or your heater core and to plugging it up so any sign of real way or inside these hoses you want to replace them if you see any residue or buildup on the junction that's telling you you got a leak there same thing with down on the other end of the hoses wherever you can look down in and see corners just look for lines and striations that indicate the hoses are worn this one actually internally looks pretty good I end up reusing this one now we're going to remove the top of the air box and the intake tube you have worm gear clamp here and you have what the happens these little pop Clips here and these you just get up underneath with a pick and you're gonna lift and it releases now usually recommend or I try to either put these clamps in my little plastic container or just wreak lamp them so that they stay on the hose so when I go to reassemble I can find all my clamps so then we unclip that again we kind of pretreated this clamp a little penetrating oil so it spins off much easier you just want to make sure that's good and loose and then you have two clamps here that you just pop and lift back and then your mass airflow sensor connector you're just going to squeeze the top of it you have to squeeze and tabs on both sides and most times you need a little screwdriver just to work it off a bit and move that out of the way down there twist at that off now there's an o-ring inside this air box you want to make sure one that it's there I've had vehicles come in where that was missing and also if it's expanded or if it's deteriorated and cracked because you want to make sure you have a good seal between the two so you're not pulling in debris bypassing the air filter so we'll set that aside just for a second we have a clamp here and we have a clip here and then we just lift up the back side and we lift the top of the air by ourselves now is a good time take a look at your air filter yeah I think will be replaced in that one so now if you want and very easy to do the bottom of the airbox which actually that area makes a nice shell for when we go to take the AC compressor off this is just a matter of lift until it pops it just pops into plastic grommets this would be harder in for real cold weather so keep that into account if you're working out in your driveway especially now during the winter months and then we're gonna open that up a little bit we have our cold air intake where it attaches to the fender it's just 210 millimeter nuts which I think they're even too plastic the plastic once we get them off make sure you put them in your little plastic container where you're keeping your hardware that just pops right out and we lift that out and now you see we have a nice area we can put depression when we take it out also again nice little tip you got to ground headers right here on this front firewall and these are actually rather important a lot of your sensors ground on these two points while you got the box out it would be a good idea to back them off clean them up a little bit and retighten them back up just to make sure you got a good ground hide so as we mentioned the AC compressor we're going to set it here to take the compressor off we just have a single electrical connector right here push your tab sometimes these squeeze hard there we go you can actually hear it click when it releases and then we have four ten millimeter bolts and this one in the back these you just loosen up with a wrench you really can't get a straight socket on it as you can see your throttle cable and your cruise control cable alright so we have our four bolts out we're gonna leave that back one in obviously can't get it out anyway we'll take a long bar we want to pop that loose because there are two locating dowels that will lock on on the Sun a little bit so what's great about this is we're gonna run that wire under there and you don't have to disconnect your AC so we don't have to worry about redoing it when we're done as you can see we got a nice little holding area right there and keep it out of the way now that we have the belt off now it's a good time to be checking all your pulleys we're gonna do a little spin on the alternator the tensioner so you know this one is kind of stiff and grinding we're gonna definitely replace that pulley there should essentially spin relatively free a little bit of resistance and definitely no grinding and the power steering you want to make sure you feel a little resistance there and now's a good time to grab the water pump pulley and give it a little wiggle let's see if we have any play if you feel any loose play now it's the time to replace that water pump so now what we're gonna do disconnect the battery and we're gonna remove this bracket which is the mouth of the AC compressor we'll do that by taking these three bolts out here you need to remove this pulley because there's a nut retainer nut on the backside behind this that you're going to need to remove to take this off there is a bolt on the side here holding the power steering hoses we're going to take that off we have this bolt right here you've got three long bolts that go through the bracket into the block we'll remove those and this whole aluminum assembly will come right up and out and the power steering pump is just going to be left to the side alright so as I was saying this bracket is going to be coming out and we're gonna set this down well it's a good tip to do right now find yourself a big piece of cardboard or a piece of masonite or what and you're gonna set it right down inside in front of that radiator and essentially is just to protect the radiator so as we are moving brackets and bolts and heavier objects you want to make sure that you don't slip and hit that radiator and end up now having to replace the radiator on top of your head gasket job so it's a good tip protects the radiator save you a lot of money and grief if you don't so before I take this off I just want to show you how to back them out so you can sell these are the bolts that you're going to remove there's two here which we had to remove the pulley here which is nothing more than just 13 millimeter head run the nut out in the pulley and the nut and that bulk come right out you have a bolt here and then this was the nut that Ike was mentioning earlier you take that off because that stud runs through from the head all the way through the power steering pump to the bracket and once we take these three out we can back this out now I noticed on this one normally there's a bolt right here it's more like that's what you're going to run into when you pull the AC compressor up this one in particular was missing we'll replace that when we put it back together but look for a bolt here too that you're gonna need to remove to take the bracket out take the bolts out and then we're going to just take this bracket with the power steering lines and everything and set it right down in the hall I'm right up against the cardboard protecting our radiator and that moves that out of the way without having to break open the power steering system we drain any fluid out of it so now you see the bracket out of the way you can see how much room you develop there and now we're gonna move over to the other side we're going to centrally I've been taking the long-handled 1/2 inch drive ratchet with a 13 millimeter socket on it and use that to basically break loose the bolts from there but most cases they'll come right out and you have a ground cable we're gonna disconnect this there's gonna be a 10 millimeter head bolts on this bracket right here holding the cables in place we're gonna remove that take this bolt out to remove the belt tensioner and we're gonna take this bolt out to remove this lower pulley because we're going to replace this pulley anyway just pull your shot and then once we run this bolt and this bolt out what we'll need to do is take a pry bar to get the alternator out because we have what's basically an expanding socket in here so that when we tighten these bolts it blocks everything down in place and you'll see once I get it off I'll explain a little bit further alright so now doing the passenger side bracket in the alternator and the cables and why not I started a new little container here so I control the parts in two things I'll know the alternator bolts because when we go to put this back together you want to be able to easily identify what went where and that one normally what I do is like with the tensioner and the pulley I leave the bolt right in it and I just stash that to the side so this way I know there's one two less bolts I need to identify the bolts for the alternator you'll notice have a goldish tone because these are anodized the rest of them you'll see are more of a silver color on the shaft but the two bolts that go for the alternator have a gold-tone so they're easy to identify and you want to be careful with this because when you're trying on the bottom side of this you have these fins so you don't want to put too much effort on that to break a pin get to the hardware now we disconnected the battery because otherwise if we didn't this Cable will be 12 volts hot which means you touch this to ground anywhere you're gonna get a lot of sparks so battery's disconnected we're safe there we got a 13 millimeter nut holding the cable on and then a 10 millimeter nut for your field wire we're gonna remove both of those and we have the alternator out of the way so next step is going to be the removal of this bracket the alternator mouth we've already disconnected the 10 millimeter head bolt so we've got this this mount is disconnected we have the cables disconnected at least on the heart and you'll notice now before we can remove this bracket we have another bracket off of this cooling tube right in front of it so we're going to need to remove this coin tube and that's nothing more than three 10 millimeter head bolts here here and then one underneath we'll get that out of the way and then I'll show you the four bolts you need to remove to remove this bracket just to note on the back side of this where it attaches to the intake manifold there is an o-ring we want to make sure we get the old one out of there and then you'll be getting a new one when you get your gasket set so you can discard this and I wouldn't reuse these anyway never you reuse an old o-ring so before I take them out you just want to show you the locations of the four bolts that hold this bracket in we have one two three right here and four just below it into the right we take those four bolts out and this mounting bracket comes right out now I had mentioned earlier as far as the sliding studs that hold the alternator in you can take a small hammer and tap what looks like a flat washer an inch in open the area you'll tap these in a little bit because they're mounted on rubber you might would even shoot a little penetrating oil on it before you do that and then this way when you go to put the alternator back in you'll have a little bit of free space and you won't have to try to hammer the alternator back in it'll drop right in put your bolts in and when you tighten them up it'll move this a barrel so that it locks in against the alternator all right so it's gonna take that out of the way and we'll have basically everything out of the front of the engine that we need to remove so here's the bracket removed and like we mentioned earlier so that we don't get basically lose track of what bolts go where you'll just leave the bolts sit and right in their holes and we'll set the bracket down to the side and now there won't be any back together so now that we've taken care of what's in the front of the motor and now we're gonna start looking at and disassembling the top end next we'll obviously going to be the upper intake manifold now I'm gonna go through the basics as far as the stuff that's going to be common to both the the vehicles not equipped as this is with secondary air and then we'll also touch base on some of the additional items that you need to remove off of this when you if you do have a no.3 204 with a 4 6 secondary air or even the 4 liter with California emissions they'll have secondary air so begin with we're gonna get the throttle cable out of the way where we can just lift up and that will pull up the throttle and open it will turn the will turn this barrel and there's a small opening right here that will allow you to sneak the cable out we'll just hold that open and let's make the front cable out the front and we'll snake the back cable out the back then we're gonna disconnect these two bolts right here and then we can move both cables right out of the way next is going to be removing the 2 : hoses that go to the throttle body heater now you'll notice on this this has got two regular clamps on them but they call a worm gear clamp original equipment it will be a squeeze clamp like we saw right here and like we've disconnected up top where we just put it all underneath and we lift it and pop it in this case I'll need a Phillips screwdriver we'll take these two off be careful with this plastic hose it it becomes very brittle just like we discussed on the one that runs across the top of the radiator so when you're going to move it over just be a little careful on its movement try not to twist it or catch it on anything so we're just gonna back those clamps up and we're gonna pull those two hoses off so file cable out of the way we've got a two hose is disconnected next what we're gonna do is this is the vacuum line to feed your brake booster and this has got nothing more than a quick disconnect you'll see a little holding bracket right here matter of fact you may want to take a picture of that so when you go to put this back together you know which way it goes so we'll pop that up and that'll pivot on there now we're going to push in you can take a pair of needle-nose or a regular pair of pliers you're gonna hold that red cap in against the manifold and then pull the hose out and that moves that out of the way more than likely there should be a clamp here or something to seal off this is another vacuum line there actually this is a breather hose and we'll move that out of the way and always check this little plastic nipple these loosen up on quite a few vehicles which can create a vacuum leak now is a good time before you take it off just snug it in or you can take it off put a little sealer on the thread and run it back in that would just take a 9/16 or fourteen millimeter wrench on that and that comes right out that just threads in the manifold so then by doing this it exposes this little bolt right here which holds your two heater hoses on to the intake manifold and then another down here right underneath this tube and we're gonna take that out so that we can move this hose in this line right up out of the way so we've taken the bolt out from below the heater hose line going into the intake manifold we've taken the top bolt out and we've moved that outer hose down and tucked it underneath the cruise control motor that just holds it out of the way the harness we've got sitting here we'll worry about later now at this point this tucks into an o-ring into the manifold and these usually will stick in there pretty good so what you'll essentially need to do give it a couple wraps that kind of loosen things up a little bit and then we're going to take a straight blade screwdriver and you can just get in behind that and what we're gonna do is just keep working that and you may actually Bend this bottom tab a little bit and don't worry about that you can just hammer it right back down it's not gonna do any real damage just say like I said these do stick in pretty good and we'll just keep working it a little bit what you can do if it's really got a tight one you can back it out a little bit to create an opening and we'll shoot some penetrating oil down in there let it sit about five ten minutes and then this should pull right out all right so now we're on the driver's side of the upper intake manifold and the basically the last things we need to take off of this one there's going to be this breather hose right here this will pull off the the nipple you have your throttle position sensor with your connector right here pop that connector out by just twisting this little tab and push down on the connector that takes that out then we have the vacuum line that feeds the purge valve for the evaporative control that has to squeeze buttons on this connector you're going to squeeze on both sides that will take that out we can basically pop that out of its holder right here and then we're going to disconnect that electrical connector and this way we then can take this part of the harness and work it around through the other side of the vehicle now I'm taking their vacuum line off of the purge for the purge valve as they said there's a button on each side of this connector and they're a little difficult to get at this is a tool that's made actually for removing trim plastic trim buttons and whatnot on trim and fender wells and why not and I find by simply by design this grabs right around both sides and you can push both buttons in then work that right off it makes that job a lot easier and you can actually use the same tool when we go to disconnect the fuel line off the back of the lower intake and we'll get to that later now next step is to remove the upper intake manifold now on this vehicle it's not equipped with secondary air but you'll find like on California models with secondary air and with o3 2:03 and o4 4.6 that they also have secondary air so what you'll be dealing with they'll be actually a valve sitting on a a white tube sitting here and here and it will be held in place by two studs with two ten millimeter nuts on the side of the upper intake now I found it to make it easier on the removal have taken removed the nuts and then remove the studs that are left and then what this will do is allow you to raise the upper intake without having to completely disassemble the the diverter valves now the valve sit on two corrugated pipes that are attached to two tubes that are threaded into the heads and I found the best way on those is if you take a long punch and give the big nut at the base of that y tube where it attaches to the adapter to the head you give that a couple good sharp wraps and generally they will just come right loose and come right out then you can take the vowels out out of the way there'll also be a large vacuum harness that runs across the front and over to a control valve that would sit right about here and then you also would have a sort of oval egg-shaped black plastic container here that would also have two vacuum lines to it and you would just disconnect that at this point because now your alternator and your AC compressor out and you can move that and I just wanted to give you a brief rundown on that I'm sorry we don't have one here to show you but the explanation I just gave should give you a pretty good idea what you need to do now in this vehicle and then also with the type with the secondary air once you've gotten that the tubes and the valves out you're just going to remove for ten millimeter head bolts in the center and there's another ten millimeter down in the back and another ten millimeter Center front there are also two small eight millimeter if they're the original bolts two small eight millimeter bolts that attach the top of the coil bracket to the upper intake and you're just going to sneak down in there with an extension what you can do is pop out the throttle cable to move that over and then there are spring clips that hold this wiring harness in rolling this forward we can get straight in with an extension to get to those two back bolts so that's what we're going to do now and we're gonna lift this upper intake out so we have everything unbolted so we're just gonna pop this up we're gonna lift up a little bit so it clears the there's actually a locating dowel about 3/4 of the way in under here you also gonna have an electrical connector on the backside of the idle air control motor you just squeeze there's a little bar that runs across you squeeze that and pull that connector off and then shoot for you I'll pull the upper intake off so what you have remaining is the lower intake we have the 8 electrical connectors to the all the injectors and then the ignition coil we're gonna remove and then we can access the fuel line down below now the this coil has got a small 8 millimeter head bolt here and then one here once you disconnect those you can lift this up a little bit and there's also an electrical connector on each side which also has a little spring bar that you can press and release it from the coil so that's the next thing we're going to do is we're going to pull we're gonna disconnect it all the spark plug wires off the spark plugs on both sides disconnect and remove the two bolts lift this up take the two connectors out and then we can take the ignition coil and a wires out one assembly now on this particular vehicle and actually on some of the original equipment there gray wires the number of the cylinders numbered right on the wires before you start pulling these off make sure yours are numbered if they are and tag them so that when you go to put this back together you do n don't you would end up putting them back in the right sequence alright then what I've done in this trick works really nice your two air conditioning lines in the back this is very bendable very mobile metal it's generally a high-tensile aluminum so we're just gonna actually pop them back just a little bit you can use a piece of wood what this does essentially it gives us just enough clearance to sneak that coil out of there because it is pretty tight pretty tight fit the other way you can do is to unbolt the on lower intake and slide it forward a little bit and slide this out but I'm just used to doing it this way and it works and we disconnected the two wires off the side and we're just gonna lift that right up and out of there let's pull the wires through if you've tagged your wires just be careful not to pull your tags off so just to show you here here's our electrical connector on one side you see the little metal bar across the top you're just gonna press down on that till you hear it click and that pops right off and we'll do the same to the other and we lift the coil right up and out of there what we're gonna do now is then we're gonna disconnect the electrical connections to the injectors and we should be able to move this engine harness right up and out of the way so now we're down to the lower intake which is going to be nothing more than 13 millimeter head bolts all the way down the line we've got two four six and then six on the other side we've popped off the injector wire and you just kind of moved everything out of the way which really opens up the work area gives you plenty of room to work we're going to take all those bolts out break the lower intake loose because they get they stick on pretty well and move it forward maybe about an inch or so so we can reach down in the back and we're going to disconnect the fuel line and we can have that lower intake out we're at the point now we wonder we've got this all unbolted and as I say these stick and they stick pretty good so what we're gonna do is going to take a flat blade screwdriver you can use a hard scraper or whatnot we're going to get down at an angle from here and the reason we don't want to start here or hit into this because we have a water jacket right here on the intake manifold and we definitely don't want to do any cut any gouges or create any depressions where the gaskets gonna have a hard time sealing so we're just going to run this straight down let's do stick a little bit so now we're gonna reach in the back and all we need to do now is just disconnect that fuel line in the back and we can pull this right up and out alright so down the back behind the lower intake you can see the fuel line comes up and then goes to this connector right here and this is going to be similar to that solenoid that we disconnected earlier you get a little push button right here and then there's one identical to it on the other side just reach down squeeze those two tabs and usually works better if you grab the connector push into the tube squeeze the two buttons and it should come right out next step is going to be removing the valve covers now on the valve covers you've got four bolts and they are eight millimeter 12-point so you're gonna need an eight millimeter or a 5/16 12 point socket preferably quarter-inch drive so that'll fit down that little well that they put the bolts into and that's I sort of have a long swivel which works really well and you're gonna just remove the four bolts and give it a tap now on the driver's side you have a small Phillips head screw that holds the dipstick onto the valve cover now once you take the screw out I found that if you use a carburetor cleaner or a varnish remover and just squirt some down on the bottom of this you're gonna let it sit for a minute and you should be able to work that right up and out of the blocks and get it out of your way so we're gonna take the driver's side off first and once we take the two bolts out on the inner and then we're going to take a short stubby Phillips so we'll take that little screw out that's right on the side here and then we'll take the two bottom bolts out and lift this valve cover right out so we'll move the harness out of the way we've taken the four bolts out we took the screw out of the dipstick and we're just gonna lift this up and away throw the old gasket away and you can see in here we've definitely have had some coal and oil mix in there that's what that milky color is so we're on the right track working our way down to the heads and we're gonna see what those gaskets look like we get them apart another good thing to do take a quick look up top see the condition of the rockers see if anything is odd or out of place looks good just needs to be cleaned off and that's the other thing too is if you have the opportunity I don't know what facilities you have but if you have a local engine shop or whatnot it would be good idea even if you don't have the parts rework at least have them hot tanked cleaned off this way all the gasket surfaces are clean the upper surfaces are clean and just generally won't look a lot better - when you get it done so we're gonna move this out of the way and I can say with the dipstick there fortunately this one nice and loose you just grab the little bracket and just work that back and forth and pull that right up and out on the block and we'll move that out of the way next step is now we're going to take the rocker arms off now remember that you're going to have spring pressure on some of these because of the valve and the camp positioning so when you back these four bolts off you have one two three and four you're gonna back them off just a little bit at a time start from the middle and work your way outward and then just back it out if you end up taking one out completely and then the other can cause a twist and I've even seen it where it snapped the rocker shaft and because it created too much tension so we're gonna take these out a little bit at a time we're going to do both sides take the pushrods out now usually it's recommended that you're going to want to put the push rod back in the same position it was in when you go to put the engine back together because not the the way the push rod seats in the rocker they're not going to be identical all the way down the line it's going to be a little bit different wear on it sometimes that can create a little noise in the engine so when you take the push rods out number on my mark them with a piece of tape or whatever so when you're going to put it back together they go back in the same way so we've taken our rockers off we've pulled the push rods mark your oil your push rods you'll probably feel that when you pull them up you yanked a couple of lifters out which is fine because the next step is going to be pulling the intake gasket out and it's just a matter of this bolt right here and then one identical in the back half-inch socket zip those out we're going to take these two top block downs off and then with a scraper we can just work our way around and lift the whole paint assembly right up and out and then at that point we'll be ready to take the heads off so we're just going to zip this off all right so let me just gonna take a scraper and whip this up now a note the two bolts that you took out of this the one in the front in the back has a different thread than any of the other bolts in this engine they went with a 5/16 coarse thread bolt so you want to make sure that you either mark them or keep them separate or just that you understand by looking at them that you're going to have to use those two same bolts in this position you can't use them anywhere else in the edge so just on that note get this scraped up pull this out of here and you'll see a couple of lifters popped out which is fine because we're actually gonna we'll set them back in place if you're going to continue on after removing the heads to strip the block down probably wouldn't be a bad idea to replace the lifters in which case you want to take the new ones and soak them in a tub oil before you put them back in just to get them filled with oil okay so everything back there and we take our intake and we get rid of this and reuse it so the next step is to remove the heads now you had two approaches that we can do on this you can either disconnect the catalytic converters from the exhaust manifolds and once you take the head bolts out take the head and the manifold out one Paul or you could take the bolts out that attach the manifold to the head remove the head leaving the exhaust manifolds in place probably a matter what's more convenient for you as far as how to access it me and I have a lift I can get to the six bolts underneath is relatively easy if you're doing this on the floor then you may want to remove the exhaust manifold bolts now the exhaust manifold bolts are a twelve millimeter 12-point so you want to make sure you have that style socket before you go taking this off now two things to look at before you take the heads off or before we even begin with the head bolts is there's a 13 millimeter head bolt in the back that in some cases early early Bosch will have no ground wire there but they will have the harness you can see that loop right there there was a bolt went through that into the head to hold the harness in place and then straight down in the back of the left side head is the connector for the cranks crank shaft speed sensor and that is going to be kind of inaccessible you're gonna have to take a long screwdriver you need to pop it out of a bracket that just simply a fork a bracket that holds that connector and you get in with a long screwdriver and what I just pop that out of there sometimes you can even be gonna pull just ahead and leave the exhaust you can break it loose move it forward just a little bit will give you a little bit better access but it's in a crazy place it's hard to get at but just so you know it's there so what we're gonna do is now we're gonna grab a breaker bar and five-eighths you 5/8 or 16 millimeter socket and we're gonna break all these head bolts loose and then I'm gonna put this up in the air and take the six bolts off the exhaust manifolds alright so as I said what we're gonna do is we're gonna disconnect there's three nuts on each side that will disconnect the exhaust manifold from the catalytic converters this is the way I prefer to take it off like I said you can do it from up top it's a little bit harder but if you don't have easy access underneath the vehicle then yes it'll be easier for you so what we're gonna do is they're half-inch you got three nuts on each side these actually look relatively clean we're gonna take those three off drop the vehicle back down and then we'll get the bolts out of the heads and then lift the heads right off the engine alright so as I mentioned before we've taken the six bolts out from underneath now just a note a lot of times because they've been down there and a number of these vehicles have been around for a while they will rust in place you may try to heat them up to take them out some of them we snap the stud in the manifold which it did in this case in a couple places if you're in a shop that's fine because when you pull the heads the manifolds are coming with it you'll have easy access to either drilling or blowing out with a torch if you don't have those facilities you can always just take the manifold off the head take it to a shop having new studs in it the studs are available on these so the next step is going to be now that we've got the bolt out of the back the connector for the crank position sensor out of the back now it's just a matter of there's ten head bolts now when you take them out you're going to notice the top three Center are going to be longer than the rest take that in note so when you go to put the new ones in and once we get the bolts out I'll show you a little trick on how to lift that up and out of there alright so when you're taking the head off one thing I wanted to mention there also that there's a braided ground strap right here this runs down in both to the back of the head you have a ten millimeter nut here you only need to take that nut out and you'll take the strap out with the head also this is the time when you're going to use that five ace Universal socket this is the one that you're going to need to get to that back bolt in this back corner otherwise this is really tough to get at and it's nice because the universal design limits the twist on it so you're not fighting against yourself trying to get it out of there so this is the point where you're going to use this tool and you really only need it just for that one bolt the rest of them will come out with it with a straight bolt with a straight socket now we've got all the head bolts out we've got the lower three bolts out we're going to show you a little trick I'm pulling the head because you're probably wondering okay now we've got the manifold in the head together have a fair amount of weight they're really not that bad so what we're going to do is we're going to reinstall the rocker shaft without the push rods because then we don't have to deal against any spring pressure why not and you don't even really even need to put the bolts in all the way just just about half way you have to support the weight without want any damage to any of the threads and I would suggest do all four don't just do the inner to the outer so this way all this should be the weight a little bit better all right so the trick is we're gonna take two shop rags now that we put the rocker back in place we put the bolts in about half way and we'll talk a couple shop rags just underneath the rail all right so we're ready to pull this out and what we've done is we're thinking to shop rags and tuck them underneath the rail so that you have a handle you say we've run these bolts in about half way it doesn't take it's not a lot of weight but it just makes it easier and then what we're gonna do is just lift straight up take the head right now all right so at this point we've got the head out just to show you here was that connector for the crank position sensor that you can see it's kind of in a very hidden spot and you'll notice that prior to that we've got all the wiring up out of the way so now is a good time they give the gasket an inspection to see if this was your culprit you can slowly peel this off you can see we've had a little bit of blow-by between the cylinders this may be the possibility of a cracked piston we'll have to clean that all off before we can make a determination it could just be water stain so we'll move our gasket up and out of the way and then now we're going to do the same thing with the head on the other side get both heads off and then we're going to do an inspection to see if we have a slip sleeve which these engines are notorious for it's an aluminum block with a steel sleeve that is not pinned or fastened down in any way shape or form from the manufacturer so there are times where they can get hot and the sleeves will move a little bit or the block can crack underneath the sleeve which you'll see traces of coolant so we're gonna go through a basic inspection on that and we'll show you how to do that so at the point now we want to do our clean up before reassembly and this is actually as critical as doing prep work for a good paint job you want to make sure you got everything clean you've done your inspection to see exactly what your cause was why you pulled the heads to begin with and what we found was of course the the back of by number eight cylinder the head gasket in this area between this coolant galley and the cylinder was drawn in : you can see how basically it's steam cleans the solder as opposed to the buildup and whatnot you have any other combustion chambers so what we're gonna do is we'll give you a few tips on how to clean this up usually if they're like really loaded up with grease and oil and whatnot and get some engine degreaser and a pressure washer you get it cleaned off you can see this is reach the level where that's acceptable to put back on we've taken the spark plugs out we have all the gasket surfaces out and essentially at this point all you really need to do is get the OL the gasket surface is clean and dry so that the new gaskets have a good surface to adhere to so what I normally like to do is I'll take a small scraper why not now this is aluminum so we're not going to dig we're just gonna basically write the the scraper over the top and just get the heavy stuff off and we'll do that all the way around until we get it all out we're going to keep this at a good low angle so that we're not digging into the aluminum at any point and then you'll do the same thing on your intake gasket area here now remember you have usually your intake port so these are : you definitely don't want to dig into the aluminum there and then on your exhaust side same thing you're gonna scrape off the heavy area and Buzz that off again it's good to have this the spark plugs out because we're gonna clean those holes out as well and then the next step would be you can take a small brass and I recommend brass not steel especially in the aluminum head and we'll just work our way around in the combustion chamber clean off the top of the valve you see it takes it off pretty easily and we'll get around up in there and then what I can do is you can do one of two things if you don't have air power which where I use a little angle head die grinder with the 3m what we referred to as a cookie and we'll end up buzzing all this off now this is basically example but on an aluminum head you would use a blue cookie they actually are made in several different coarseness and the blue is the very fine which is all you need to just basically take the surface down nice and clean you don't have the air power you can actually go out and buy a pair of scotch-brite again you know this is a very fine so this is what you want to use on aluminum and we'll use that to clean up the surface and then we do is if you don't have the the tool you can take it to a small machine shop or why not this is essentially an engine straight edge and this is actually an edge that is accurate to a half a thousandths of an inch and what you'll do is you're gonna place it in different angles on the head and then with a flashlight on the backside you're gonna look to see if any light is visible through the backside this is going to tell you have some warpage and you can tell how much by just sliding a feeler gauge in there until it's nice and snug but this is what we're going to use to basically test all the surfaces on both the head and the block and the preparation for the top of the block is going to be the same as this we're just gonna lightly scrape off the heavy stuff and then take the rest down at a 3m and the other thing you want to watch and the cylinder heads here and here these are your oil galleys that feed oil up to the rocker assemblies so you want to take a pipe cleaner or a small drill bit or whatever and just run it through there and you're going to find is usually gunk built up in there you want to make sure these are clean the same on the block you have these two galleys lined up in the same area same thing you can run a small drill down through it or a pipe cleaner just to get the gunk cleaned out of it dipped in mineral spirits does a really nice job cleaning it out and the mineral spirits do no harm when you eventually start the vehicle up this so little in there mix right in with the oil it doesn't cause a problem okay so essentially that's the rundown on cleaning up the head and I'll show you a finished product just to give you idea how you should look before you put it back together that's right so there you are you see you're basically your combustion chambers we've got all the heavy stuff cleaned out your gasket surface is nice and cleaned there's your intake surface again nice and clean we've put the straightedge on all of this and we determine that the heads are in good shape same thing on the exhaust and we have a nice clean glass you'll notice when you took the exhaust manifolds off some of the areas you're gonna find a double gasket it from the factory so take note of that where those double gaskets were because on some cases you may need to do that because the heads are nice and straight but the exhaust manifolds they're not built to the thousandths of an inch so sometimes one area is a little less pressure here to create a seal so they double gasket to make up for that so just keep that in mind other than that you just head and once we get that one done these heads will be ready to put back on the engine you
Watch Doug, our Land Rover Master Tech, remove and replace the engine in our 2000 Discovery Series II with one of our exclusive remanufactured engines. Doug goes in-depth in this engine installation, which in real-time should clock in as a 10 hour service. We recorded the process starting in January 2017 and finishing in November 2017, working on it when time allowed. It actually sat for months, as we had other things on our schedule to work on.
Engine Item # 9257DRK / 9257BRK Replace &Install Short Block Engine Demonstrated on 2000 Discovery Series II. Hi I'm Doug, your tech support representative here at Atlantic British. In this video we're going to touch base on what unfortunately becomes a pretty common item. As these Discovery's are getting older what's happening is we're running into head gaskets, slip sleeves, damaged cylinders due to burning coolant, a number of different things where you would end up requiring to replace the block before you;d be able to do a proper rebuild. So what we're going to do is we're going to show you essentially how to remove the engine out of a Discovery. This is a 2000. Essentially 1999 to 2004 are all going to be pretty much the same other than the 2003 and 2004 some have the secondary air that's just a little bit more involved there. But what we have here is a 2000 Discovery. The heads are already off the engine. We made a determination we have a bad cylinder sleeve. And we're going to have to rebuild and replace the block. So, we're going to show you basically what you're going to need if you want to change the engine over on your Discovery. So essentially we're going to start from underneath the vehicle. And there's a lot to unbolt when you get underneath. Main thing is going to be you have 4 bolts that attach the transmission torque converter to the flex plate. We're going to access those from an opening that's just above the starter. We're also going to be taking this little bottom plate off so we have access so we can move the torque converter. This bottom panel that sits underneath the front pulley of the engine, we'll take this out so we can put a ratchet and a socket on the lower crack pulley so we can turn the crank. That makes that easier. Starter wiring. Knock sensor wiring. We've already removed the heads off this engine so we already disconnected at the exhaust so the exhaust is floating free. You've got your 2 cooling lines that run from the transmission up front to the transmission cooler. We're going to unbolt some of that. There are some brackets on that that attach it to the engine. And the of course the bottom bolts for the back of the oil pan. And the 2 on each side above where the transmission bolts to the block. And then the other 2 we'll get to from up top. We're also going to unbolt the, probably unbolt the mounts. You've got 2 nuts on the bottom here. Some of this like the mount bolts you'll want to pre-soaking in penetrating oil before you get into to the rest. Give that a chance to work it's way in. So there's a bit to do. But it's all got to get done. It's not all that bad. It's just a little time consuming but it's nothing but nuts and bolts. All right, so, first things first. We'll start with the heat shield that surrounds the starter. And that will give us access to the 2 wires that attach to the front of the starter. The S wire and the battery cable. And what holds that on, the back of it is a snap clip, but in the front there's a little hidden bolt right up on the engine mount. Just over that plate on the inside. You're going to have to do it by feel. A 10 millimeter head bolt. And that's what attaches to the front of the heat shield to the motor mount. You need to remove that to get the heat shield out of there. So we're going to sneak up in there with a ratchet and short extension, a 10 millimeter socket, take that bolt out. so we've taken the bolt out of that shield on the round the starter as they said there's just a snap clip on there so we push outward and then come back a little bit now like I said earlier you have the battery disconnected so you don't have to worry about shorting out or touching that wire and this is gonna just sneak right out the front steering that comes right out there's the snap clip I'm talking about so you can see this just basically grabs right around the starter solenoid take that out alright so our next step is going to be to disconnect the cables off of the starter and you have one 13 millimeter nut for the battery cable and then a little what they call the S wire which is your wire which engages our solenoid just simply plugs in we can grab that with a pair of needle nose pliers and pop that out once we clear that out of the way and we've also got on the same harness the wire for the knock sensor which we're going to disconnect there and then then we can just take this part of the harness and swing that right up out of the way and then we're going to look at the couple different ways we can get at the four bolts that both the torque converter to the flex point alright so there's an access to those four bolts that hold the torque converter there's a rubber plug on the passenger side right above or right here underneath the starter and just above the offhand it's part of the back of the off pan you pull that rubber plug and you'll be able to get a direct shot at the bolts now there is a recessed in the oil pan so I usually find the best way to get at it is to use a long extension about 11 inch with a 13 millimeter side get enough ratchet and then just get in there and turn it to break it loose now to get each one to spin this I find the easiest way you take a 15 16 socket and a rat long ratchet and you get on the front pulley ball then you can just turn the engine you can turn it in either direction and if you have a little foley mirror that makes it even easier because then you can actually see up in there to be determined where the bolt is so bit of a pain but that's the way it's designed that's the best way to deal with it the only other way would be to make it any easier would be maybe to drop the front drive shaft to get that out of the way so you can get your hand up in there or even just drop the oil pan what you're gonna have to drain the oil anyway before you pull the motor out so this there's alternative ways of going about it so we're gonna take those four bolts out and then we'll go to our next step which will be accessing and getting to the bottom bolts locking the block to the transmission alright just quickly so we got the four bolts out this is what they're gonna look like is four all the way around thirteen millimeter head like I said they're not all that easy to get at but you can get at them so the next step is now we're gonna be unbolting back in the block from the transmission will do the lowers first and then we've also got a disconnect the transmission coil whines because they are held by brackets that bolt up to the oil pan we'll get that out of the way and at that point well actually be pretty close to ready to take this out the last step will be taking the nuts running the nuts out of the bottom of the motor mounts and then we'll set this down and we'll start disconnecting from up top so we'll start with the transmission cooler lines because the brackets that lock them in place there's one area where the coil lines are right in front of two of the bolts that we need to take out for the transmission to block so you have a clamp here and then another one up front that's got ten millimeter nuts we're going to take those out and then that will allow these to float around nice and loose and get them out of the way we're gonna leave them in place we're not going to disconnect them from the cooler we're not going to disconnect them from the transmission this way you don't lose any fluid you won't have to worry about doing that after you do your reassembly all right so now we've removed and disconnected the three clamps on the transmission Coll line so they're a little more flexible now it gets a movement so this way we can move these out of the way push them out the way when we get to there are two bolts facing the front of the engine on the back of the oil pan and two on this side we need to take those out and then you have two on the bottom and then one on this side and one on this side and the rest we'll be able to do from the top will show you a little trick on how to get to that so from now we're gonna take those bolts out and then we're also going to remove the nuts that face down on the motor mounts once we've done that we're pretty much free and clear underneath and then we can get back up on top and get the rest of the bolts out and get this engine out all right so now before we throw these bolts in the trace we're gonna do is I want you to show you take note you got different length bolts that come out of each location you got these four bolts or what's going to come out of the back of the oil pan into the transmission these are the two that are up higher at about three o'clock and nine o'clock and then these two are the ones that run through the bottom of the pan into the actually the bottom of the transmission bell housing and into the pants so just take note of the links so that when you go to put it back together you put the right bolt and right hole so we're going to throw those in one of our trays and we'll put that aside and now we'll get to the two nuts for the motor mounts alright so now that we've got the transfer the transmission to block bolts out on the bottom we're gonna take the two nuts out of the motor mounts you have an 18 millimeter nut one here facing straight down and another on the other side pointing straight down so you can get at these with a long extension and a good size ratchet a breaker bar or an impact gun once as it goes out we actually have a little hidden bolt right up here which holds this knock sensor harness up against the block instead of being a plastic clip it's actually bolted on so we're gonna get a half-inch socket on that and zip that out and that should pretty much clear us from underneath after this pretty much clear sailing we do need to drain the oil and remove the oil filter before we put it up before we put it down on the ground so that's pretty much that's pretty much it from underneath so let's get that done and we can set this vehicle down on the ground so now we've got this set down and we're ready to finish off the top end disconnect so that we can pull this motor out so what we're going to do at this point is we have the lower the upper : hose right here that runs from the thermostat over to the water pump and then over to the heater hose we're gonna remove that so we can move that out of the way you have an electrical connector right here for the oil pressure sensor and then there's another underneath for the camshaft sensor there's a plastic connector in there with a squeeze tab on it and you squeeze that down we'll disconnect that by doing that this harness here will be fully disconnected and we can swing that up and out of the way and get that out at that point we should be able to easier easily get at the oil engine oil cooler which some vehicles are equipped with some are not and you'll be able to tell this is one of the lines right here for the engine oil cooler then there's another that comes in up below a 7/8 open end wrench will crack that loose and we'll take those out we've already drained the oil and we've removed the filter so when we take that line off we're gonna drip a little bit of oil but not too bad so maybe you want to put a rag or some speedy dry or something underneath just to catch that a little bit so let's get this apart so we can get the engine hooked up and get it out of here alright so before I pull the hose off on just a few things the clamps that are gonna hold that hose on are nothing more than just a squeeze type so you're going to grab your trusty pair of water pump pliers squeeze down and on and lift them up now what will happen is these are probably been attached for quite some time they're not going to come off easy initially and just take the water pumps set it up for about the right size of the hose and if you grab around the end of the hose and twist back and forth all of a sudden they're just going to crack loose and then you grab just to the outside of the pipe so as you squeeze it rolls the hose off now before I pull this off there's going to be some residual coal in there and probably sitting in the pump so I'll throw a pant or catch pan or something underneath so that's gonna catch that so now we'll just roll that out so we'll do this and this the same way this holes will be out of the way alright so here's your two connectors removed this is the one for the oil pressure switch there's a little metal spring top you're gonna depress that and then this will pull right off this one is a little more difficult because it's in an area you really can't see but this is the tab I was talking about it runs across the back you just reach in underneath with your fingers and just give that a really good squeeze sometimes it helps to push it into the connector squeeze it and you'll actually in most cases you might even feel or hear a little click and then you'll pull that right out so now we need that harness up out of the way and that opens up your view now to the two lines for the oil cooler you have one right here and there will be a 7/8 open end wrench it'll crack that loose and then the other one underneath again it's just it's a no see but you can feel it you feel the pipe run up and there's a nut the same size as this one right up underneath we're going to be able to sneak a wrench in and probably have to tap it with a hammer just to get enough leverage to be able to swing that wrench and this is the transmission coil line you can just push this down out of the way it's flexible now because we've unbolted it from underneath and once we get those two out then what we're gonna do is we're get-- the engine crane hooked up and the trick to getting the back bolts and we're at least getting better access to them has been that with the lift we're gonna pick the engine up we're gonna unbolt these brackets on both sides take the motor mounts out completely lower the engine back down and it will now lower three to four inches lower than it would be with the mounts which exposes the pop bumps in the back and makes it a lot easier to get at them once we've got those bolts out this is ready to come out alright so we've got we're at the point we're ready to start pulling the motor we want four bolts up top that we've got to take out plus the motor mounts but before we do what we want to do is put some support under here under the bell housing of the transmission as you can see there's no mount and so when we pull this engine this is going to want to drop and it's going to want to drop down this is a woman housing so we don't want to bang it on a crossmember we don't want to bang it against the driveshaft we'd kind of like to hold it about where it is so that when we go to put the new engine in that we were able to line up the bolt holes a little easier so what I'm going to do is you simply use a regular pull strap these little straps are very strong and what I can do is I'm going to sneak it over the frame over the catalytic converters - under the bell housing back up to the other side and then come down to the frame and we have these convenient pull hooks that are on the discovery tools that they use done when they ship them over from Europe that they could lock them down in place in the container so these come in very handy right now so that's all we're gonna do right now is we're gonna run this up route it up and over under the bell housing back over the frame and we've got enough room between the frame in the in the body speak this through all right so in this case because of this strap the the turnbuckle or lock buckle right here was going to go up over the frame so you can also hook on the radius arm did the same thing basically over the frame under the bell housing back over the frame and hooked up there get a little bit more slack than I'd like so we can just take a little wooden block and throw that in there that's not going to go anywhere and so now we're basically ready underneath we've drop this back down and we're going to raise the motor enough to take the motor mounts out then lower the engine which will actually be now lower than it would be sitting on the motor mounts so you get better access to the four bolts on the top once those are out this engine is out alright and last but not least before we get into doing this though we realize we gotta take the hood off because we're going to need clearance we're gonna have to come up quite high you really don't want to put this hood will fall back but it'll only go so far before it starts digging into the plastic cow and possibly bending the back corners of the hood so relatively easy to take off one thing you definitely don't want to forget is to disconnect the washer hose pull off this nipple right here and then we have 4 13 millimeter head bolts we'll take those out and it actually will stay in place even with the bolts out while it's on the prop rod and then it's just a matter we'll take the prop rod we'll slide it down a little bit before you do call your neighbor a friend because this is definitely a much easier job for two people once you've got this out of the way and we'll get to work taking those top bolts out of the engine so you see now we have the hood off and what's very easy to take off like we shown and it's very light it's an aluminum hood now we have that out of the way now this opens up the entire area to make this much easier you'll also notice what I have hooked up to the top is what they call a load level or for a portable you can rent them you can buy them they're not that expensive and they just make the job so much easier essentially what happens is you'll be hooking this to the engine hoist and you can turn this handle so change the position of this Center bracket and then that will actually change the tilt of the engine so that as we come up and out it'll make it much easier and it also makes the installation 10 times easier so something you want to consider before you go pulling it out so what we're going to do now then is we're going to unbolt the motor mounts where they bolt to the engine block we've already got the two bottom pins done so we're gonna hook this up pull this up a couple inches access these inside bolts is to there's actually three bolts that hold them out to the block once that's out of the way we lower it back down we're gonna be only get to those back bolts all right so now as you can see with the motor mounts and the brackets removed in the engine load we've got very good access to these four top bolts on the top of the bell housing now we're gonna at this point all we need to do to move out of the way is the O2 sensor connectors for upstream you'll see one here and there's one on the other side they just slide over a metal tab that has an indent in it and you'll see a little push button right there on the top of the connector and you're gonna slide that to push that in towards the center of the connector to release it that connector will come out and then you're going to basically grab the back side of it with a push tab to separate the two halves of the connector to get that out of the way and then right here we have our crankshaft sensor connector and we're going to squeeze this top tab pull that apart that gets the wiring out of the way so now we have good access because the one bolt on this side and the other side at the lowest points are holding the bracket that holds those O2 sensors in place so the right in the way those connectors so we're going to remove those and then we're gonna take those four bolts out you can use if you have a flex head ratchet and a socket will work good they're gonna be half-inch heads I might prefer using I use a box socket wrench which basically has a flexible socket on one end and an open end on the other and that seems to work pretty well or even an offset wrench they're gonna be a little tight initially but once you break them loose they usually spin out fairly easy so we're gonna go ahead pull these apart take those four bolts out and then we'll be ready to pull this motor out all right so I'm going to show you a neat little trick being that the bolts on this are half-inch so we have a half-inch wrench we got a box socket down on that lower bolt I really don't have a lot of leverage so if you take a 3/8 break a bar and put a 3/8 to 1/2 inch adapter on it of course that adapters gonna fit right on the wrench and now you've got leverage to break this bolt so we got the four bolts out of the back we showed you how to take them out and at this point danger was ready to come out literally all I we did was put a little tension on the chain grab the front train back and forth and the engine just come right off the transmission in most cases that's how I've had them come off once in a while you're going to get one that's going to be a little tight you can take a long straight blade screwdriver and get in between the transmission there's and the engine is a couple areas that race the areas that are just for that purpose sometimes they just need a little gentle persuasion but for the most part they actually come right off so now we've got this away from the transmission we've centered up you're gonna check underneath you've got a couple cooling lines or whatnot that may grab a hold of something under the bottom so you just want to come up a couple inches at a time check your lines check your hoses a little couple inches at a time and eventually we'll get it right up and out of there now we have the adjustable adjustable top piece so that we can change our angle as we come up and as we come down by putting that in angle like this you sort of shorten the length of the block the other thing on the exhaust so going back to that piece of cardboard that we put in front of the radiator is also going to protect it in case this suddenly swings forward this suddenly swings forward and touches the radiator and we're gonna punch a hole in it we can square this off it's a snug fit but it does come out try to hold it square we don't catch the wiring harness in the back and you come up now remember to as your arm comes up it shortens the distance so that this engine is actually going to move forward a little bit as you're coming up so take that into account you just want to hold it back just a little bit we're gonna have to go up quite a way because we still have the oil paint underneath there forward where the adjustable comes in real handy we can pick up the back end a little bit and clear the oil pan and there we go she's out now it's just a matter of getting things prepped on the new engine that's going to go in and we'll reverse the process alright so we have the engine sitting here and then what we have to do now is we have ancillary parts that got to come off this engine that are going to go on the new one because they don't come with the new short block and you're looking at flywheel Assembly your starter front cover front pulleys and then we still have the crankshaft position sensor and in some engine designs your replacements not going to come with an oil pan either so we're going to remove the oil pan and that basically is stripped a block down to its bare essentials you know you would be getting new lifters and some other pieces on there but for the most part we're gonna need the majority of their loose outside parts on this to transfer over so first we're gonna start with the flywheel are actually flex plate and then a torque wheel because this is for automatic transmission this is the flex plate that bolts to the torque converter there's your gear sets right there for your starter starter on the other side and the course front cover an oil pan so let's start at the back and we'll work our way forward alright so starter first you have two bolts on the starter one top one bottom eight millimeter hex drive and I'll run that there and we'll get those two bolts out I'm sure we save our hardware we're gonna need those bolts to put it back in and now we're going to take flexplate and torque wheel off now something you want to do when you take this flex plate off these are notorious for a hairline cracking where the bolts go so you want to give it a really good inspection to make sure no cracks no stress fractures nothing on that so we this one looks clean put that aside then we have our large spacer and then the flex plate is basically held on by a hub and we've got six bolts right here that have eight millimeter hex drive in them and we're gonna take those off now these are in these are in really tight plus when they go install from the factory they're also held in by lock tight so I find sometimes even an impact done isn't good enough to break them loose now you can either put like I said a large screwdriver through here to kind of hold it in place I have a tool that's been around for a long time and is used specifically for holding a flywheel or attorney so we're gonna use that to hold it and I'm going to put a breaker bar on this with a reducer adapter so that essentially we're going to reduce down from half inch drive to 3/8 drive meter then we're gonna break these loose by hand and take them out okay we have that off make sure again save the hardware put it in a spot where you're not going to lose it so we're gonna do now is the last item in the back is going to be crankshaft position sensor which is on the left-hand side of the engine alright so the next thing we're going to take off is the crank position sensor and we've got basically an insulating cover over the top of it so we've got two bolts here that are seven millimeter we're gonna take those out take the shield off and then under that is two nuts on too long studs and those are eight millimeter and once we take those off the sensors out alright so we got the two nuts out we've got the shield off and then you have the spaces here that lock it in place again put them in a safe place don't want to lose them and then you just slide that crank sensor right off those studs don't worry about the rest of this this will come on the new short block so now at the front of the engine we've got water pump pulley lower pulley and front cover so we're gonna do is zip off these three bolts take that pulley off 15:16 so take the main crank pulley off and then from there the damper just slides right off to things you want to look at when you get to that point you want to look for heavy cracking and splitting essentially a vibration damper or this lower pulley is a center hub with a rubber ring and then the outside pulley I've seen a number of these come apart this rubber dries out and the whole outer outer area the pulley area can actually slide right off and cause damage so if you see any dry cracking and whatnot I would suggest replacing this and then on the water pump I would suggest if you're going to put a new engine in you're gonna take the water pump out replace the water pump put a new one in you really don't want to take any chances on overheating or have the thing go a couple months down the road after putting a new motor so just a suggestion so we're going to zip this off and get this out of the way so we can take the front cover off all right so at this point now we're at the water pump and what you have is four bolts here here here in here are 7/16 or 11 millimeter and these go all the way through into the block and then the shorter ones the 10 millimeter are the perimeter bolts and once we zip those out we can take the water pump right off and then from that point we're just going to take all the perimeter bolts off of the front cover and the front cover will come out as well so here's the water-pump like you said once we took the bolts out of tap straight off definitely want to replace the at least do the gasket on this now right underneath it is your camp position sensor we're gonna zip this off there's an 8 10 millimeter bolt and that's going to come right out and then we're gonna do our perimeter bolts on the front cover all right so two things to note you'll notice that when you're taking the perimeter bolts out the bolt that's in this position has a little bracket on it you want to make sure you make note of that so when you go to reassemble the bracket ends up in the same place that's the basically the hole down for the connector for the camp position sensor we want to make sure about that now you've got the perimeter bolts in there are also three nuts underneath there are studs that come down through the front cover and go through the coil pan and you need to take those three nuts out as well now the studs that are fairly long so you can do this one at two ways you can either take a little stud puller and pull those three studs out in which case then you can just take the front cover and pull it right off or what we need to do now is we need to unbolt the oil pan so that we can get the oil pan down out of the way so that we can then pull the front cover so we're gonna take care of that oil pan right now now what I'm gonna do is this is kind of a neat little trick you got a little bit of a stub that sticks out of the back from the crankshaft so you really can't lay this right up on end without some kind of a spacer so what I do is use that point there and we got some coolant left in there so now that we've got this leaned up you can see you've got a row of bolts on both sides basically we've already got the back bolts out and when we pull the engine you got a bracket right here that we want to make sure we note when we take that off and then there you can see where your stud is this one came out with the nut but again there's your there's your three studs so we're gonna zip these two premier lines of bolts out that's going to move the oil pan they'll be the oil pickup tube we zip that out and then from there we can just take the front cover off all right so we've taken this line of bolts out now just the note you have two more down in these wells these are at the very back of the oil pan and up inside so a lot of people forget about those I've zipped those out so now we should have all the bolts out so we can tap off the prefer to use a rubber mallet as opposed to a steel hammer obviously because it's aluminum you don't want to you really don't want to crack it you just can see somebody RTV the heck out of this but you really shouldn't do something I'll suggest to afterwards once you get all this off before you go to assemble it may get some engine degreasers or cleanup or take these to your local machine shop and have them hot tank this what it'll do is it'll clean off all the oil and grease get all the money out of it you really don't want to put a new short block in and have something like this in the bottom of it so here we have the oil pickup - we got a 13 millimeter nut here we've got two eight millimeter bolts here that will take the oil pickup tube out and then from there we can then remove the stock in there and we can remove the front cover so something also make know enough here's the yeah here's your I'll pick up two removes you have an o-ring here at the end and definitely want to replace that before you put a new one back in always put a new o-ring and then take a note that you had a stud a nut and then this spacer that went on the back of that bracket then the bolt would run through and then bolt to the block and that put this in the proper position so now you've got basically you've got everything unbolted and then we can just take a rubber mallet on this Center should break it right loose again whoever somebody's been into this engine before and obviously really likes our TV which is sort of a no-no plus they've got washers now between the oil pan and the block which is also no no and we'll lift the front cover right up and out now I'm gonna make a note we've actually touch base on another video about these front covers but essentially what you have here you can take these six Phillips screws out or actually I think they're posi drives now these are Phillips and inspect your oil pump alright you have an inner gear and an outer gear the outer gear basically is the rides against or sits in this housing the front cover so you want to make sure there's no scratches deep marks or whatnot they can affect oil pressure any marks at oil at all any scratching you want to replace the front cover and these oil pump bolts so just a note so that's pretty much it you've picked off what you need to strip off the rest is going to be on the new short block you put in and again would be a really good idea as far as the auto-pay in the front cover if you can get them cleaned off as well as possible would also be a good idea to do two valve covers at the same time and just get those items cleaned up so not only will you eliminate the fact that you could have somedirt or contamination so inside of them when you put them on the new short block but also they've making a cleaner approach to make it much nicer when you sort and put it back together and the engine itself will have a nicer appearance so we're ready to start putting this together we're gonna start at the back and essentially show you is that how to reinstall the the flywheel the flex plate and the starter that basically is going to kompis the back and then of course your crankshaft position sensor so we'll start with the flywheel and if you notice you have a pin to stick the back of the crank and that pin is gonna go to your locating hole and you'll see this sort of toothbrush all the way around that's an indication that's got to go towards the block because that's where the pin from your crankshaft position sensor is gonna ride so I usually just take one bolt and we get that locating pin lined up we can rack this back and forth until it drops in just take one of the bolts and we're gonna start we're gonna leave that half hanging out reason being is now we're going to put the other five in we're gonna put a little drop a thread lock on it and then we'll take that one back out put the drop a thread lock in and put that in all right so we've got a little thread lock you can pick this up in any automotive center and we're just gonna basically put just a little stripe right there it doesn't take much just need a little bit go in and we're gonna do that the remainder three bolts so we're gonna take this one back out actually even at this point we can do so now you got two bolts in there to keep the flywheel and dropping out squeeze a little bit on there and then put that back in alright so we're gonna do the other three the same way and then we've gone to the book and refer to your torque specs and these six bolts get torqued down to 58 foot-pounds handy little tool sort of old-school not many guys have got them anymore but this is basically for holding if it's a flywheel holding tool and they are still available so we're just gonna go around we're going to torque them all up to 58 and then we're gonna go back around and just recheck them all so you'll notice on the first torque I do it and diagonally I go across sort of in a star pattern and then just to make sure that you've got them all what you do is start at one point and then just recheck them all the way around in a circular motion so you know you've got all six and all all more torque to the right spec alright so the next thing we're gonna put on is the flex plate now you can see these are relatively thin you see these markings on here so you can see that this this originally was bolted to this side would have been to the transmission and the one with the full circular pattern would fit what you've got here so they would go on in this direction it really doesn't matter if it's the same both ways this is the plate that connects the engine to the transmission the full load of the engine basically goes through this plate to get to the transmission so what happens is on these and I've seen it happen many times they get a hairline cracking them something usually right in this area from the bull hole out to the outside and they give you a noise when they operate so you want to make sure that you inspect it really good put a good light on it go over it make sure you see no cracks in there whatsoever before you put this on so we're going to set this in place put a dab of Loctite on there just to make sure and then these get torqued to 33 foot-pounds alright so next what we're going to do is we're going to put the crank position sensor in that's going to run right here now this is a Bosch engine on the GEMs it'll be a little different but the positioning is the same and what we have then is essentially the sensor goes on then there's a pair of spacer barrels the nuts and that locks the sensor in place and then there is a heat shield cover that goes over the top of that with two long bolts the nuts that hold the sensor in are 8 millimeter the two bolts that hold the shield on are going to be seven millimeter so get your tools accordingly alright so just something I wanted to mention that should have mentioned earlier you had that groove cut in the back of the flywheel as I mentioned the the crank sensor rides inside that groove there's a little pin off the front of the crank sensor I've seen in many cases where when the process of taking the old engine out and that we're reusing the old crank sensor that sometimes that pin can get bent in the process so you want to make sure that you look at that pin it's nice and straight and you can actually look down in the opening here between the back of the flywheel and the block and you can see the pin of the crank sensor sticking out and it should ride right in the middle of that groove if that's the way it's set up then you're perfect you're fine but you just want to double-check that all right so put on the back is your starter and this is definitely a lot easier to do it now than after you drop the engine in place because this top bolt can be a bear so they're essentially the same style bolt is what you had on the flywheel 8 millimeter there allen head one on top one on the bottom we're gonna slide the starter in start the two bolts torquing down to 32 foot pounds and we'll be in and that will basically be it what we need to do with the back then we're going to show you how to put the front cover on in that area alright so just a quick review crank sensor crank sensor cover flex plate flywheel starter so now we get everything on in the back and then what we're gonna do next is front cover alright so now we're into the front of the engine and the first thing we're gonna do is put the front cover on the front cover includes your oil pump and it's actually a fairly large component and the reason we're replacing it on this because we've checked it out and we've looked at the old oil pump there's a little bit of scoring and there's some where you certainly don't want to put an old oil pump that may not be able to bring oil pressure up to where it's supposed to be on a brand new engine you want everything nice and tight so we're going to put a new front cover on it so the first thing I like to do we're going to do two things to get this prepped we're gonna take some sealant that I call it what it's called high-tech and we're gonna spray some sealant on this surface right here where that front cover makes contact and even before I do that going to pour some motor oil I like to get the chain nice and wet before I put that in this way and when I get to the point where I'm ready to start the engine I know I've got a well lubricated chain so I'll just grab any one it doesn't matter because it's mostly gonna drip off so the replacement gasket you'll notice has a black bead on one side and not on the other and this is actually going to sit in this position and you notice when I sprayed I also sprayed around the coolant portals on both sides because we want to get a good seal there and then what we'll do to now is we'll spray the back of the gasket and we're going to wait about five minutes late get a little tacky this is gonna do two things one it's gonna help seal better two it's gonna hold the gasket in place when put the front cover on we don't have to worry about pinching the gasket or having it seen out of place when we go to install it all right so gaskets in place you can see this does a really nice job holding it's got nice and tacky and we'll just a little fingertip tap there now if you don't like the the red that shows up around the seal or don't worry about that after you put the cover on you can shoot a little brake cleaner on every why not washes it right off so you won't even see it so everything's sitting in place now when you put the front cover on as they mentioned earlier the oil pump is part of the front cover if you wanted to get more information on this we actually have another video that basically is a overlook of how this is put together so here's your oil pump drive and you have a key weight on the crankshaft what we're gonna do is we want to kind of get an idea what angle that pin is that we kind of want to set this inner gear and about the same angle and it'll just make the installation easier you know we need to do really is to just line that up and slide it on so once you push it in place you'll notice now you have two locating dowsers pins here and here once you get this up in place you're gonna line those up and this will just set right in place so now it's nice and square so we're gonna do at this point is we're gonna replace install the lower bolts and we're just gonna set them in snug I'll you'll notice that some of these pass through into the block so it's recommended by Landro we're gonna put a little black RTV on the threads just so that it seals all the holes because there's a couple in particularly that paths actually go through into a water jacket in the block we certainly don't want that leaking so we'll take the bolts we'll put a little sealer on there we'll set them in place and then we're going to torque them in so we put a dam up black sealer black art any of each one of these right you got the one long bolt here and then the others are all the same length and then just take note you have a bracket right here on this particular bolt this is the bracket that's going to support the connector for the cam position sensor which is going to go right here so all you want to make sure you put that on so factory specs your recommends torque specs of 16 foot-pounds you start in the middle and then we work our way around in a circular pattern all right so we're all torqued up on the bottom bolts because we're gonna have actually two more right here and another here and then these also pass through into the block and then we've got the water-pump bolts we're gonna do that in a few minutes but on the original front cover there's an adapter right here that does a 45 degree for the oil filter and we're gonna have to take that off the other cover to install it here now it's nothing's it's sealed with an o-ring so I just wanted to explain that and we're gonna show you this is three bolts you take that off and then we're just going to transfer it onto here so this is the elbow that we're talking about and you got four bolts that hold it and I pull the bolts out they're usually on there pretty stiff so you have a little bit of a land that sticks out right here and over here so you can tap on that with a hammer because you will have to knock it off so we've shown you the piece that's got to come off now in the old cover you're also gonna find this adapter and this is what that elbow would seal on and it does nothing but just thread over the existing threaded shaft you're gonna just run that up in there and it's because it's a one inch socket we'll put a deep socket on it we got to Snug that in and now what will happen is when we put the elbow up it's going to seal around that o-ring so put a little Vaseline on there just to make the ease of the installation we'll tighten it up and then we'll put the elbow on all right so water pump is gonna go on next and same thing we did with the front we're gonna basically look at the let's look at the configuration and looks like gasket goes on like so so we're going to spray the greenside we're gonna spray a little bit on that will they get tacky for about five minutes and then we'll be able to put the water pump on all right so actually the book gives you a torque spec where it's the same as what we did on the front cover below it's going to be 16 foot pounds and you have the three bolts this one here here and here which have a six 7/16 or 11 millimeter head on them and you're gonna torque those to 16 foot-pounds the rest of them they're ten millimeter heads and they just go directly into the top and you can see they're open holes they don't go into any water jackets and those are just gonna grab a ratchet and Saki and you're just going to Snug them in all right so last two I am is last but not least we don't want to forget we definitely got to put the cam sensor back in and that essentially is going to now you before you put it in make sure there's an o-ring that sits at the bottom you want to make sure that's there so that that goes there and then of course there's our bracket now what happens on a lot of these the two little arms that act as guides to slide over this you'll see in this case coming apart they broke a little arm breaks so you can tuck one sight in and we're just gonna wrap a little wire tie around there and lock that in place so I'll just to show you what the finished product is we got a wire tie locking this in your wire your hole that's in the camp sensor for the bolt the bolts got through it the clamp in place so everything's all locked down nice and tight now we're just going to put the front pulley on and lock that down and we'll be all done basically with the front alright so same as with our pump did you have that key weight and it extends out through the oil pump so that it also locks onto the front pulley you can see the front pulley has a cutaway for the key so we get them pretty close to about the same position we'll wiggle the Sun and then we'll just wiggle this till we feel it drop in put our bolt on now if you have access to an air compressor and a half-inch hammer air hammer I would suggest use that this bolt calls for a torque spec of two hundred foot-pounds which is real hard to try to hold by hand if you can get somebody to run a tool around the flywheel to hold it in the back while you apply pressure on here or run it in with an impact because that may get you close to the 200 I've had great success over the years I just run them in with a half inch impact that usually tightens up to a little over 150 foot pounds and they never come off so now at this point we're ready to drop this in place so we're going to set this up so that we can lower it in place get it bolted up to the transmission and then just as we did when we took it out where we're going to attach it to the transmission and set it down lower than it normally would sit to gain access to these top four or five bolts and then once those are in we're pretty much bolted up up top we can lift it put the mouth side settle it down the engine action at that point will be in place and ready for assembly so at this stage of the game where we where we're at is they got the vehicle set up on the Left we've raised the lift up up a bit so that we have room for the legs for the for the crane with the air out of the front tires got to get the nose down so we can work our way over without having to climb into it so basically what we're going to do at this point is just simply Jack it up set it over the top and drop it down you notice the oil pans not on the reason for that is your sump is about five and a half to six inches deep which is that much higher you're going to have to Jack the engine to get up and over the radiator support so leave the pan off you can bolt it in once this is in the vehicle and on the mounts it's still very easy to install a pan from underneath so what we've also done is at this point I have a jack stand set up underneath the transmission with a wooden block on it to protect the pan and we can raise and lower the lift a little bit to sort of raise and lower the transmission position so that we can easily get into those top bolts and bolt up the top on on the motor now the other thing I was going to suggest or that I always suggest is you want to set one of the bolt holes for the trim for the torque converter that on the flywheel at about a seven o'clock position and then do the same thing for the torque converter so this way the two bolts are relatively close to each other so once you get the engine in and locked in it doesn't take much just to move one or the other to get it lined up so you can put that first bolt in and then after that it's just spin it and bolt it up and we'll cover that as we go along so that's where we're at right now so if you're doing this on your garage on jack stands then you can always do the height change on the transmission with a floor jack now as of right now you know we've got the strap underneath and that's basically just to keep the transmission from falling out from underneath so so we'll put a wooden block on the and of the floor jack just to protect the pan of the transmission and slide it underneath and you can raise and lower it that way so here we go let's put this engine in so you'll see something that you may notice the strap that I have on here essentially what has happened is a lot of these wealth the lot of these cranes the bar will not come out far enough to actually get the motor to reach against the transmission so using this tool and raising the lower in the vehicle on the jack I can get the angle or the transmission and the engine lined up and then once we got the engine down in its proper height we basically put a ratchet strap on here on on this pipe that's basically as I pull the ratchet strap it's pulling the pipe forward pushing the engine back up into the transmission so we're able to get the right angle so right now we're in we're all lined up so we're gonna get the top four bolts in and then torque those up and then we can lower this down and start getting things ready to put the mouse on it and get that in place all right so you see the engine in this position we've got the four bolts in on the back we've talked them in now like I said you're not going to get a torque wrench you need just gonna have to set them in really tight because obviously they torque them up before they put the engine and transmission assembly and when they first built the vehicle so now what we're going to do now is we're going to pick this all the way up so that we have enough room to attach the mounts on each side we're going to show you that and then from there we just set it down and that's going to essentially put the motor in place and then from here we can lower the vehicle on the lift and actually start assembling the top end and bottom end of the engine alright pick this all the way up we want to watch to where the bellhousing of the transmission just barely touches the bulkhead and then what happens is when this raises this shorten is essentially the arm off the front of the vehicle so the other beauty behind this tool is we can crank this in and as we do that it's also going to move the crane back a little bit from the vehicle so it's not up against the front fender all right so we're all the way up in the air now I'll show you what we have to do with the mounts so what we've got in a used driver's side and you'll see this is a new mount of course you know when you first took the engine out you're gonna inspect the mouse if you see a major cracking or even a separation of the mount from the plate then you know you got to replace it so we've put a new mount in but usually the original bracket it's nothing more than an 18 millimeter nut with a stud just change that pick the nut off that'll remove the original amount put the new one in lock it down and then tighten it good and tight so essentially the mounts it's like so down underneath now it's kind of awkward because you have one bolt on top and two on the bottom and of course one of the lower bolts is sort of hidden behind the bracket all right so we're gonna lower the mount down in there and just line up the top bolt and we'll run that bolt in not tight but we're just gonna run it in till you feel snug and then back it off just a few turns so that we have a little slack so we can line up and install the two lower bolts you know we only need to get the lower bolts in by four or five threads the rest we'll do from underneath and then we can when you come back up top to assemble the upper area then we'll tighten the upper it's all in sequence so we got that in place so just to show you what it looks like in place this is the driver's side mount and we're essentially just gonna do the same on the other side put the top bolt in put the two bottom bolts in as far as we can by hand and then we'll set the engine down because obviously it can't go anywhere once it's done that and we can tighten up the ball and bottom bolts properly from underneath all right so just a note don't be afraid if the stud under of the mount doesn't Blayne right up with the one on the frame everything is built in tolerance and that's why they use rubber mounts you'll notice the stud here we've got slack on the chain so the motor is just sitting there the stud doesn't quite line up with the frame but that's why they make flexible mounts one tap and it's in will do the same on the other side we can disconnect the from this and then set this down all right so just so you get an idea say here's how your passenger-side mouth should look now on this one instead of being behind the hole as little to the outside just nothing more than just take a little screwdriver and give her a little push and it should drop right in so now the engines sitting nice and square on both mounts take the head bolts out and then we're gonna put the vehicle up in the air and we'll start assembling underneath all right so from underneath the vehicle now you can see you got a lot better access to the two lower bolts on the mount same width on the other side so at this point with a 15 millimeter race we're going to tighten those down good and tight and then we have the 18 millimeter nut and we're gonna do the same thing we've got to basically block down the mounts you can get up into these with a long extension an 18 millimeter socket well tighten those down good and tight and that will lock the motor down all right so the other good reason for leaving the pan off when you put this in is to access the four bolts that lock the torque converter to the flex plate as you can see when we explained earlier we want to get them fairly close in position and of course they never line up but you can't blow the torque converter very easily you can slide a long screwdriver just under the flywheel and then just move that torque converter up so you can see the bolt holes so there we are we're all lined up and we can put the new bolts and put one in leave that a little loose so that we can get the other three and easily and then we'll go back around and torque them up now to spend this the easiest way I found we've got the front pulley on so you're going to take a fifteen sixteenths socket and a ratchet put it on the center front pulley bolt and then we can just turn the whole engine around to access the other two bolts all right just a note when you get this top you're gonna see this open porthole right here with the two threaded bolts the essentially Land Rover head reused the same casting from the old GEMS engines where the oil pickup would attach here and come down would feed up through a galley that's up in the block well when they went over to the Bosch system they changed the design where you pick up tube now attaches all the way up here in the front cover so don't worry about leaving that open because that galley becomes blocked off when you install the front cover so don't worry about that when in case you're wondering what that is or if anything needs to be attached there with the Bosch engines you do not worry about that just leave it the way it is all right generally the procedure for doing the torque converter bolts because we're going to put lock tight on this but we don't want to put it on the first ball because we're gonna leave that a little loose and we don't want the stuff setting up with the bolt in that position so essentially what you're gonna do is you're gonna put the first bolt in you're gonna let it snug in back it off about a turn or so so it's loose the next three when you put those in you're gonna put a little dab of Loctite on those like we showed earlier with the flexplate bolts and then run them in take this one back out put the dab on it run it in and then we're going to torque them up all the way around so our next step is going to be to add the four bolts at the middle of the bell housing what I've done is I've started the bolt just so you can see the location one here one up above and then you're going to have two on the opposite side pretty tight to get at and again they're a half-inch head what I've used to get at these has been like a very long 3/8 drive extension with a half-inch deep swivel on the end and then a regular 8 inch 3/8 drive ratchet and with that we can run those in and get them pretty good and tight it's gonna be really hard to actually torque them so all I can suggest is at that point once you snug them in just give it a good hard twist lock them in and you're done on the bolt above because the right midsection are in a very tight spot I found it the best way to get to those is a half-inch shallow socket with a three inch extension and 3/8 drive and then a universal to your long extension in your 3/8 drive ratchet yeah they're kind of tough to get at but you can do it so our next step now is we're going to put the oil pickup back in now you look on the end of it and you'll see that there's an o-ring on the end and then your gasket set will come with a replacement actually it says right on the packet hole rings strainer and pipe we'll just take a small screwdriver and usually these are still fairly flexible we'll just peel that right out of there put the new one on and I always keep a little tub of vaseline or even a little motor oil or work whatever you happen to have around we're going to lube it up just a little bit so that when we install the strainer it's not gonna twist up the o-ring.
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